), a name borne by at least three of the family of the Cimonidae. [See the stemma in the article CIMON.] The family sprang from Aegina, and traced their descent to Aeacus.
In the genealogy of the family given in the life of Thucydides which bears the name of Marcellinus, mention is made of a Miltiades, son of Tisander; but it is very questionable whether even the text is correct.
The two following are celebrated:--
1. The son of Cypselus, who was a man of considerable distinction in Athens in the time of Peisistratus. The Doloncians, a Thracian tribe dwelling in the Chersonesus, being hard pressed in war by the Absinthians, applied to the Delphic oracle for advice, and were directed to admit a colony led by the man who should be the first to entertain them after they left the temple.
This was Miltiades, who, eager to escape from the rule of Peisistratus, gladly took the lead of a colony under the sanction of the oracle, and became tyrant of the Chersonese, which he fortified by a wall built across its isthmus.
In a war with the people of Lampsacus he was taken prisoner, but was set at liberty on the demand of Croesus.
He died without leaving any children, and his sovereignty passed into the hands of Stesagoras, the son of his half-brother Cinlon. Sacrifices and games were instituted in his honour, in which no Lampsacene was suffered to take part. (Hdt. 6.34
.) Both Cornelius Nepos (Milt.
i. ]) and Pausanias (6.19.6
) confound this Miltiades with the following.