or MU'RTIA, a surname of Venus at Rome, where she had a chapel in the circus, with a statue. (Fest. p. 143, ed. Müller; Apul. Met.
6.395; Tertull. De Spect.
8; Varro, De Ling. Lat.
5.154; August. De Civ. Dei,
4.16; Liv. 1.33
; Serv. ad Aen. 8.636
.) He This surname, which is said to be the same as Myrtea (from myrtus,
a myrtle), was believed to indicate the fondness of the goddess for the myrtle tree, and in ancient times there is said to havebeen a myrtle grove in the front of her chapel at the foot of the Aventine. (Plin. Nat. 15.36
; Serv. ad Aen. 1.724
; Plut. Quaest. Rom.
20.) Some of the ecclesiastical writers preferred the derivation from murcus,
i. e. stupid or awkward. (August. De Civ. Dei,
4.16; Arnob. ad v. Gent.
4.9.) Others again derived the name from the Syracusan word μυκρός
, tender. (Salmas. ad Solin.