6. Of CONSTANTINOPLE (2. When, on the accession of Constans II. as sole emperor, and the banishment of his colleague Heracleonas [CONSTANS II.; HERACLEONAS], the patriarch Pvrrhus was deposed, Paulus or Paul II. succeeded to the patriairchate of Constantinople, of the church of which he had previously been a presibyter, and also oeconomus. he was consecrated patriarch in October. 642.
He is charged with being a monothelite; and with having induced the emperor (A. D. 648) to issue an edict prohibiting all discussion of the questions whether there were in Christ one will or operation, or two. On account of his heretical opinions he was declared by the pope Theodore I., in a council held at Rome (A. D. 648), to be deposed; but as the pope had no power to enforce the sentence, though confirmed by the Lateran Coucil (A. i). 649), held under the papacy of Martin I., successor of Theodore, Paulus retained his patriarchate till his own death, A. D. 652.
He even retaliated the attempts of the popes by urging the emperor to depose Martin, and exile him to Chersonae, where he died. Paul died not long after the banishment of Martin, and is said to have repented of the evil which he had brought upon his antagonist.
There are extant of the writings of Paul:--
These are all printed in the Concilia (Concil. Lateraun.
secret. iv., Concil. Constantin. III.
act. of x. vol. vi. ed. Labbe, col. 221, 837, 839, and vol. iii. ed. Hardouin, col. 815, 1246, 1247); Anastasius Bibliothecarius, Collectanea
(Commemoratio eorum quae acta sunt in Martinum Papam,
(§c.), apud Galland. Biblioth. Patrum,
vol. xiii. p. 47; idem, De Vitis Roman. Pontif (Theodori et Martini
), apud Muratori, Rerum Italic. Scriptores,
vol. iii.; Baronius, Annales,
ad ann. 642, 1.648. 1. §c..
Cave, Hist. Litt.
ad ann. 642, vol. i. p. 585; Le Quien, Oriens Christianus,
vol. i. col. 229.
Two other patriarchs of Constantinople named Paul
There were two other Pauli, patriarchs of Constantinople, viz. Paulus III., A. D. 686-692; and Paulus IV. A. D. 780-784.