a Roman jurist, whose writings were apparently known to Pomponius (Dig. 4
. tit. 3. s. 1.4). His name Sextus appears in a passage of Paulus (Dig. 4
. tit. 8. s. 32.20), and in other passages. Pedius was younger than Ofilius [OFILIUS], or at least a contemporary (Dig. 14
. tit. 1. s. 1.9): and the same remark applies to Sabinus (Dig. 50
. tit. 6. s. 13.1), where Massurius Sabinus is meant.
He is most frequently cited by Paulus and Ulpian.
He is also cited by Julian (Dig. 3
. tit. 5. s. 6.9). We may, therefore, conclude that he lived before the time of Hadrian.
He wrote Libri ad Edictum,
of which the twenty-fifth is quoted by Paulus (Dig. 37
. tit. 1. s. 6.2).
He also wrote Libri de Stipulationibus
(12. tit. 1. s. 6).
The passages which are cited from him show that he had a true perception of the right method of legal interpretation; for instance, he says, in a passage quoted by Paulus, "it is best not to scrutinize the proper signification of words, but mainly what the testator has intended to declare ; in the next place, what is the opinion of those who live in each district" (De Instructo vel Instrumento Legato, Dig. 33
. tit. 7. s. 18.3).
In another passage quoted by Ulpian (Dig. 1
. tit. 3. s. 13), Pedius observes "that when one or two things are introduced by a lex, it is a good ground for supplying the rest which tends to the same useful purpose, by interpretation, or at least by jurisdictio." (Grotius, Vitae Jurisconsultorum ;
Zimmern, Geschichte des Raöm. Privatrechts
, p. 333; the passages of the Digest in which Sextus Pedius is cited are collected by Wieling, Jurisprudentia Restitula,