Chapter 3: military operations in Missouri and Kentucky.
- Ben. McCulloch's proclamation
-- Price's appeal to the Missourians, 66.
-- Lexington fortified
-- Price attacks the post, 67.
-- siege of Lexington
-- Mulligan expects re-enforcements
-- a severe struggle, 68.
-- Fremont called upon for troops
-- why Mulligan was not re-enforced, 70.
-- Fremont assailed
-- he puts an Army in motion
-- Pillow's designs on Cairo, 71.
-- Kentucky neutrality
-- conference between McClellan and Buckner
-- Magoffin encourages the secessionists, 72.
-- Union military camps in Kentucky
-- Magoffin rebuked by the President, 73.
-- the Confederates invade Kentucky
-- seizure of Columbus, 74
-- Zollicoffer invades Eastern Kentucky
-- the Kentucky Legislature against the Confederates, 75.
-- General Grant takes military possession of Paducah
-- end of the neutrality
-- flight of secessionists, 76.
-- ex Vice
-- President Breckenridge among the traitors
-- operations of Buckner
-- General Anderson's counter — action, 77.
-- seed of the Army of the Cumberland planted
-- the Confederate forces in Missouri in check
-- Price retreats toward arkansas, 78.
-- Fremont's Army pursues him
-- passage of the Osage
-- Fremont's plans, 79.
-- the charge of Fremont's body-guard at Springfield, 80.
-- Fremont's Army at Springfield
-- success of National troops in Eastern Missouri, 81.
-- Thompson's guerrillas dispersed
-- complaints against Fremont, 82.
-- Fremont succeeded in command by Hunter
-- preparations for a battle, 83.
-- Fremont returns to St. Louis
-- his reception, 84.
-- General Grant in Kentucky, 85.
-- expedition down the Mississippi by land and water
-- Columbus menaced, 86.
-- battle at Belmont
-- Grant hard pressed, but escapes, 87.
-- services of the gun
-- the Confederates at Columbus in peril, 88.
-- Zollicoffer's advance in Kentucky
-- the Unionists aroused
-- battle among the Rock Castle Hills, 89.
-- battle of Piketon, 90
-- Theeast Tennessee Unionists disappointed
-- the Confederate foothold in Tennessee and Kentucky, 91.
Contrary to general expectation, the Confederates
did not pursue the shattered little army that was led by Sigel
, from Springfield
contented himself with issuing a proclamation to the people of Missouri
telling them that he had come, on the invitation of their Governor, “to assist in driving the National
forces out of the State
, and in restoring to the people their just rights.”
He assured them that he
had driven the enemy from among them, and that the Union
troops were then in full flight, after defeat.
He called upon the people to act promptly in co-operation with him, saying, “Missouri
must be allowed to choose her own destiny--no oaths binding your consciences
This was all that the Texan
did in the way of “driving the enemy out of the State
,” after the battle of Wilson's Creek
His assumptions and deportment were offensive to Price
and his soldiers.
Alienation ensued, and McCulloch
soon abandoned the fortunes of the Missouri
leader for the moment, and, with his army, left the State
now called upon the secessionists to fill his shattered ranks.
They responded with alacrity, and at the middle of August he moved northward toward the Missouri River
, in the direction of Lexington
, in a curve that bent far toward the eastern frontier of Kansas
, from which Unionists
were advancing under General James H. Lane
With these he had some skirmishing on the 7th of September, at Drywood Creek
, about fifteen miles east of the border.
He drove them across the line, and pursued them to Fort Scott
, which he found abandoned.
Leaving a small force there, he resumed his September.
march, and reached Warrensburg, in Johnson County
, on the 11th.
In the mean time, he had issued a proclamation to inhabitants of Missouri
dated at Jefferson City
, the capital of the State
, in which he spoke of a great victory at Wilson's Creek
, and gave the peaceable citizens assurance of full protection in person and property.
a town on the southern bank of the Missouri River
, three hundred miles, by its course, above St. Louis
, and occupying an important frontier position, was now brought into great prominence as the theatre of a desperate struggle.
It commanded the approach to Fort Leavenworth
by water; and when Fremont
was apprised of Price
's northward movement, and the increasing boldness of the secessionists in that region, he sent a
small force to Lexington
to take charge of the money in the bank there, and to protect the loyal inhabitants.
This little force was increased from time to time, until early in September, when