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[177] general stampede of their army. Their loss in prisoners, including the wounded, was not less than 3,000. .Gen. E. O. Upton, commanding the Third Brigade of Russell's division of the Sixth Corps, was wounded. We had noted the progress of this officer from a first lieutenant of light artillery, which he was in 1861, in the artillery brigade of Franklin's division.


We spent the night of the 19th in the outskirts of Winchester. These were busy hours for the surgeons, and when morning came, the task of caring for the wounded being still unfinished, and the army about to advance, medical details were left to complete it. A brigade of the First Division of the Sixth was detained in Winchester to hold the town and guard the prisoners.


When we moved through the town, one could perceive the varying sentiments of the women of that place, as evinced by the colors displayed, for there were matrons and maids who wore Union emblems.


The Sixth Corps was the infantry advance on the 20th; the march of twenty miles over the splendid macadamized pike which leads up the valley from Winchester, was made between daylight and three P. M. The cavalry in three portions had preceded us, respectively taking the Front Royal, valley, and back roads, the latter extending south, nearly parallel with and west of the valley (macadamized) road. The valley road crossed Cedar Creek not far from its junction with the west fork of the Shenandoah, which here turns abruptly round the north foot of the Massanutten Mountains, an interloping chain which divides the Shenandoah Valley from this point south for thirty miles. The river makes its way through a gulf along the west base of this mountain spur to the north foot of a dark, lofty peak, around which it sweeps on its way to Front Royal.

On the west bank of the river, in the shadow of the mountain, was the little village of Strasburg. The land rises from Cedar Creek southward to a ridge over which the valley pike and the Manassas Gap Railroad passed, and this village is on the crest, and in the gateway between Hupp's Hill on the west and the river gulf on the east. The valley proper at this place is not more than five miles wide. Its western wall is the Little North Mountain,

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