Senate. Saturday, April 19, 1862.
, from the joint Committee of Congress on Flag and Seal, submitted the following report:
To the Honorable the Senate and Congress of the Confederate States:
The joint Committee on Flag and Seal submit to the judgment of Congress the accompanying design of a flag, and recommend its adoption as the flag of the Confederate States of America
The considerations which influenced the committee in selecting the proposed design, were:
Its want of resemblance to the flag of any other nation.
The distinctness of its colors, rendering it discernable at a distance.
Its simplicity, and consequent facility of fabrication for an emergency.
Its conformity to the proprieties of heraldry.
Its symbolization of the characteristics of a free and prosperous people.
Ancient heralds, in their quaint language, would describe this flag as ‘"on a field rules saltier argent, with a shield azure charged with a sun in his glory or."’
The red field denotes martial prowess, boldness, courage, valor.
The saltier (‘"an honorable ordinary in heraldry,"’) is the emblem of progress and strength — its white indicating purity, innocence and gentleness.
The blue of the shield represents justice, faith, perseverance and vigilance.
The sun manifests the dominion, generosity and stability of the Confederacy
Nearly all the designs submitted to the committee contained a combination of stars.
This heraldic emblem, however, has been discarded, as a manifestation of our entire and absolute severance from the ‘"United States
,"’ and the complete annihilation of every sentiment indicating the faintest hope of reconstruction.
Chairman on the part of the Senate.
Alex. R. Boteler
Chairman on the part of the House of Representatives.
The report was read, and laid on the table for the present, and ordered to be printed.
then offered the following, which, after being read, was postponed for consideration till 12 o'clock:
Resolved, by the Congress of the Confederate States of America,
That the flag of the Confederate States
shall be as follows: A red field charged with a white saltier, having in the centre the device of a sun in his glory, on an azure shield, the rays of the sun corresponding with the number of the States composing the Confederacy
The Senate passed the following bills:
bill supplemental to a bill to encourage the manufacture of saltpetre and small arms was taken up and passed.
The bill authorizes the President
to contract for coal six years ahead for the use of foundries and other Government works.
House bill providing for the enlistment of white
or free or bond cooks in the army, was also passed.
Under its operation four cooks are allowed to each company.
Also passed House
bill re-enacting the laws of the United States
, regulating the transmission of mailable matter by express and other companies.
House bill to provide for an increase of the Quartermaster
and Commissary clerks was referred to the Committee
of Military Affairs.
bill appropriating one million and a half of dollars for the construction of a railroad (regarded as a military necessity,) between Galveston, Texas
, and New Orleans, after being rejected, was reconsidered and passed — yeas 12, nays 9.
Also, passed House
bill to establish certain post routes in Alabama
, North Carolina
, South Carolina
, and Texas
House bill was taken up to provide for the organization of partizan rangers — authorizing the President
to commission officers to recruit and enlist partizan rangers, who shall be regularly received into the service, subjected to existing laws, and who shall be paid for all arms, stores and goods they may capture from she enemy.
, of Ky.
, spoke in favor of the general principles of the bill, but he moved to strike out the 2d section, in relation to allowing volunteers from those already enrolled or mustered into service.
The bill was opposed by Mr. Preston
, who urged that it would conflict with the bill last passed by the Congress
for the public defence.
Applause in the galleries.
again spoke in favor of irregular warfare, and contrasted its advantage in a striking manner with the more regular tactics of West Point
His remarks were of such a character as to elicit a thunder of applause from some soldiers in the gallery.
The President problem
) desired the gentleman to cease, and instantly ordered the disorderly persons in the gallery to be removed by the Sergeant-at-Arms.
, of Texas
.--I hope, Mr. President
, we will do more than turn them out. Applause in the galleries of the Senate is something that might be expected from the mob at Washington
, but which I did not think could occur in this country, and it should be punished on the first offence.
, of Mo.--Oh no, do not be harsh with it. It was merely admiration of excellent sentiments expressed out of time and place, and perhaps inexpressible.
himself approved the sentiment, and urged the gentleman from Texas
to make some little allowances for liberty.
--Yes; but if you permit applause you will afterwards have to endure hisses, and moreover I want it distinctly understood that this is no public arena.
Several gentlemen interjected remarks in behalf of forgiveness for this, the first offence, and finally Mr. Wigfall
acquiesced, contenting himself with having brought the matter to the notice of the Senate.
Section second of the bill was stricken out, and the act was passed.
The Senate soon after took a recess till 7½ o'clock P. M. The evening session was with closed doors.