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βα^σι^λ-εύς , , gen. έως, Ep. ῆος, Cypr. ῆϝος Inscr.Cypr.104,135H.: acc. βασιλέα, contr. - Orac. ap. Hdt.7.220, E.Fr.781.24 (lyr.): nom. pl. βασιλεῖς, Aeol.
A.-ηεςSapph.Supp.6.4, IG12(2).6 (Mytil.), -ειες ib. 646a45, al., Ep. -ῆες, old Att. “-ῆςS.Aj.188,960 (both lyr.), cf. Hdn. Gr.1.430: acc. pl. “βασιλέαςIG12.115, later βασιλεῖς ib.2.243, etc.:— king, chief, Hom., etc.: freq. with collat. sense of captain or judge, Hes. Op.202; “διοτρεφέες β.Il.2.445, etc.; “θεῖοιOd.4.691, etc.; later, hereditary king, opp. τύραννος, Arist.EN1160b3, etc.; but also of tyrants, as Hiero, Pi.O.1.23; of Gelo, Hdt.7.161; of Pisistratus, Eup.123, cf. Sch. Ar.Ach.61: joined with a Subst., “βασιλεὺς ἀνήρIl.3.170, etc.; “ἀνὴρ β.Hdt.1.90; ἄναξ β. lord king, A.Pers.5, cf. B.17.1: c. gen., “β. νεῶνA. Ag.114 (anap.); οἰωνῶν β., of the eagle, ibid., Pi.O.13.21: Comp. “βασιλεύτεροςmore kingly, Il.9.160,392, Od.15.533, Tyrt.12.7: Sup. “βασιλεύτατοςIl.9.69.
b. of the gods, “Ζεὺς θεῶν β.Hes.Th.886, cf. Pi.O.7.34, Emp.128.2, etc. (in this sense Hom. uses ἄναξ); as cult title of Zeus, IG7.3073.90 (Lebad.), SIG1014.110 (Erythrae), etc. (but Ζεὺς β., = Ahuramazda, X.Cyr.3.3.21, al., Arr.An.4.20.3); μέγας β., of God, LXX Ps.47(48).2, Ph.2.107: Sup. “βασιλεύτατοι τῶν θεῶνMax.Tyr.29.5.
2. as a title of rank, prince,β. εἰσὶ καὶ ἄλλοι πολλοὶ ἐν . . ἸθάκῃOd.1.394, cf. 8.390, etc.; of Cyrus, X.Oec. 4.16.
b. descendant of a royal house, esp. in Ionia, Arist.Ath. 41.3; βασιλέων οἶκοι 'estates of the royal house', name of a district in Chios, “Ἀθηνᾶ20.168.
3. generally, lord, master, Il.18.556, Pi.O.6.47.
4. metaph., “πόλεμος πάντων β.Heraclit.53; “νόμος πάντων β.Pi.Fr.169.
II. at Athens, the second of the nine Archons, IG12.76, al., Antipho 6.38, Lys.6.4, Arist.Pol.1285b17, Ath. 57, etc.; “ τοῦ β. στοάPl.Euthphr.2a.
2. title of magistrates in other Greek states, as βασιλᾶες at Elis, GDI1152, cf. IG12(2).6 (Mytil.), etc., Arist.Pol.1322b29.
3. at Rome, β. τῶν ἱερῶν, = rex sacrorum, D.H.5.1, cf. D.C.54.27.
III. after the Persian war (without Art.), the king of Persia, Hdt.7.174,al.; “ἄναξ Ξέρξης β.A.Pers.5, cf. 144, Ar.Ach.61, Th.8.48, IG22.141 (βασιλῆς βασιλέως ὕποχοι μεγάλου, of the Satraps, A.Pers.24, cf. 44, S.E.M.2.22); less freq. “ βασιλεύςHdt.1.132,137, Arist.Pol.1304b13; “β. μέγαςHdt. 1.188.
2. of Alexander and his successors, usually with Art., IG22.641,687, Men.293,340(pl.); “ΣέλευκοςAntiph.187; Ἀντίγονος Alex.III; “ΠτολεμαῖοςId.244; “Ὀσυμανδύας βασιλεὺς βασιλέωνD.S. 1.47; title used by Parthian kings, Plu.Pomp.38, D.C.37.6, etc.; by Antony, Plu.Ant.54; of God, Apoc.17.14,19.16.
3. of the Roman emperors, AP10.25 (Antip. Thess.); “β. ῬωμαίωνBGU588.10 (i A.D.), etc., cf. 1 Ep.Ti.2.2, J.AJ14.15.14; “β. αὐτοκράτωρIG3.13 (Hadrian), Hdn.1.6.5; without Art., Paus.10.32.19.
IV. of any great man,πένησί τε καὶ βασιλεῦσινPs.-Phoc.113.
2. first or most distinguished of any class,Ἡρώδην τὸν β. τῶν λόγωνPhilostr. VS2.10.1, cf. Luc.Rh.Pr.II; winner at a game, Poll.9.106, Sch.Pl. Tht.146a; Stoic sage,μόνος β.Luc.Herm.16; βασιλέως ἐγκέφαλος 'morsel fit for a king', Clearch.5; β. σῦκα, name of a choice kind, Philem.Lex. ap. Ath.3.76f., cf. Poll.6.81.
VI. wren, Arist.HA592b27.
VII. queen-bee, ib.623b9, GA759a20, etc. (The form βασιλέα is scanned ^ ^ _ in Pi.N.1.39; codd. βασίλεια.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (47):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 24
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 44
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 5
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 144
    • Antiphon, On the Choreutes, 38
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 41.3
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 57
    • Bacchylides, Dithyrambs, 17.1
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.132
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.188
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.90
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.161
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.174
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.220
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 886
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 202
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.556
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.445
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.170
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.160
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.533
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.394
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.691
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.390
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 14.15.14
    • Lysias, Against Andocides, 4
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10.32.19
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 2a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 146a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 188
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 960
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.48
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.21
    • Xenophon, Economics, 4.16
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.69
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 114
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 61
    • New Testament, 1 Timothy, 2.2
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 38
    • Plutarch, Antonius, 54
    • Lucian, Hermotimus, 16
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 4.20.3
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.47
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 5.1
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 37.6
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 54.27
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 2.10.1
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