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πάθος [α^], εος, τό, πάσχω)
b. in bad sense, misfortune, calamity, A.Pr.703, Hdt.1.91, Lys.32.10, etc.; “οὐλίῳ σὺν πάθειS.Aj.932 (lyr.); τὰ τῆς Νιόβης π. Pl.R.380a, etc.; ἀνήκεστον π. ἔρδειν to do an act which is an irreparable mischief to one, Hdt.1.137; μετὰ τῆς θυγατρὸς τὸ π., i.e. her death, Id.2.133; π. μέγα πεπονθέναι, of a great defeat, Id.3.147, cf. 5.87, al.
c. = πάθημα 11.2, Arist. GA738a16, 750a30, Gal.10.91.
II. of the soul, emotion, passion (“λέγω δὲ πάθη . . ὅλως οἷς ἕπεται ἡδονὴ λύπηArist.EN1105b21), “σοφίη ψυχὴν παθῶν ἀφαιρεῖταιDemocr.31; “διὰ πάθουςTh.3.84; ἐρωτικὸν π. Pl.Phdr.265b; π. ποιεῖν to excite passion, Arist.Rh.1418a12; “ἐν π. εἶναιId.Pol.1287b3; ἐκτὸς τοῦ π. εἶναι to be exempt from passion, Teles p.56 H.; “ἔξω τῶν π. γίγνεσθαιD.C.60.3; περὶ παθῶν, title of work by Zeno the Stoic, D.L.7.4; in Epicur., sensation (including pleasure and pain), ἀκουστικὸν π. Ep.1p.13U., cf. p.19 U. (pl.); ὡς κανόνι τῷ π. πᾶν ἀγαθὸν κρίνοντες ib.3p.63U.
IV. Gramm., modification in form of words (esp. dialectal), “πάθη τῆς λέξεωςArist.Rh.1460b12, cf. A.D.Pron.38.24, al.
2. in Syntax, modified construction, of omission or redundancy, Id.Synt.6.15, 267.8.
b. passivity, D.T.637.30, A.D.Synt.12.17, al.
c. in writing, signs other than accents and breathings (ἀπόστροφος, ὑφέν, ὑποδιαστολή), D.T.Supp.1p.107U.
V. Rhet., emotional style or treatment, τὸ σφοδρὸν καὶ ἐνθουσιαστικὸν π. Longin.8.1; “πάθος ποιεῖνArist. Rh.1418a12; “πράγματα π. ἔχονταPlu.2.711e, etc.: pl., “πάθη διεστῶτα ὕψουςLongin.8.2.
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hide References (34 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (34):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 533
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 703
    • Antiphon, Second Tetralogy, 4.10
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1447a.28
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.137
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.91
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.133
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.147
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.4
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.87
    • Lysias, Against Diogeiton, 10
    • Plato, Laws, 876d
    • Plato, Republic, 381a
    • Plato, Republic, 612a
    • Plato, Republic, 380a
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 11a
    • Plato, Phaedo, 96c
    • Plato, Apology, 22c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 96a
    • Plato, Sophist, 228e
    • Plato, Sophist, 243c
    • Plato, Sophist, 248d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 193c
    • Plato, Statesman, 277d
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 265b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 245c
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 285c
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 313
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 932
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 732
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.84
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 177
    • Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, 7.4
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 60.3
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