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σπένδω , Il.11.775, etc.; Ep. subj. 2sg.
A.σπένδῃσθαOd.4.591: Ion. impf. “σπένδεσκονIl.16.227, Od.7.138: fut. “σπείσωLXX Nu.28.7, (κατα-) Hdt.2.151, E.Or.1187: aor. “ἔσπεισαOd.13.55, S.Fr.42, etc.; Ep. “σπεῖσαIl.9.177, “σπείσασκεOd.8.89; Ep. subj. σπείσομεν, for -ωμεν, 7.165, 181: pf. ἔσπεικα κατ-) Plu.Sert.14:—Med., aor. “ἐσπεισάμηνHdt.3.144, etc.:—Pass., aor. “ἐσπείσθηνPlu.Rom.19: pf. ἔσπεισμαι, v. infr. 11 fin.:—make a drink-offering (because before drinking wine a portion was poured on the table, hearth, or altar), “σπεῖσάν τ᾽ ἔπιόν θ᾽ ὅσον ἤθελε θυμόςIl.9.177; “ἐπὴν σπείσῃς τε καὶ εὔξεαιOd.3.45, cf. Xenoph.1.15, S.Ph.1033, E.Ba.313, etc.: c. dat. of the god to whom the libation was made, “σέπας ἑλὼν σπείσασκε θεοῖσινOd.8.89; “ὡς σπείσῃς Διὶ πατρὶ καὶ ἄλλοις ἀθανάτοισιIl.6.259, cf. 16.227, Od.3.334, etc.; τὴν (sc. κύλικα)“ δὲ θεοῖς σπένδειςThgn.490; κρητῆρας σπενδέτω prob. let him dedicate them by pouring an offering from them, SIG 57.13 (Milet., v B.C.):—the liquid poured is mostly in acc., ς. οἶνον pour wine, Il.11.775, Od. 18.151; “λοιβάςS.El.270; σπονδάς, χοάς, E.El.512, Or.1322; ellipt., ς. ἀγαθοῦ δαίμονος (sc. σπονδήν) Ar.Eq.106; ς. οἴνου (partit. gen.) Hdn.5.5.7: rarely c. dat. rei, ὕδατι ς. make a drink-offering with water, Od.12.363; Ὀλυμπίῳ ς. ἀοιδαῖς make libations with songs to Zeus, Pi.I.6(5).9: also c. dat. instrumenti, ς. δέπαϊ, δεπάεσσι, Il.23.196, Od.7.137; “χρυσίδιCratin.124; “χαλκέῃ φιάλῃHdt.2.147; “ἐκ χρυσέης φιάληςId.7.54: c. gen., “ς. βαιᾶς κύλικοςS.Fr.42:—Pass., “οὗτος θεοῖσι σπένδεται θεὸς γεγώςE.Ba.284: so metaph. of a person, σπένδομαι ἐπὶ τῇ θυσίᾳ I am offered (as a drink-offering) upon it, Ep.Phil.2.17, cf. 2 Ep.Ti.4.6.
2. rarely without the religious sense, simply pour, τράγου οὖρον, as remedy for convulsions, Hdt.4.187: metaph., “ς. δάκρυαAP7.555b (Joann.), IG14.1957, al.; ξίφος αἷμα τυράννων ἔσπ. AP9.184.
II. Med., pour libations one with another, and, as this was the custom in making treaties or agreements, make a treaty, make peace, Hdt.3.144, Ar.Ach.199, Av.1534, Th.4.99, 119, X.An.1.9.7, etc.; “τὰ μὲν σπενδόμενοι τὰ δὲ πολεμοῦντεςTh.1.18:— Constr., σπένδεσθαί τινι make peace with one, Ar.Ach.225, Th.5.5, etc.; in full, σπένδεσθαί τινι σπονδάς ib.14 (but ς. τῇ πρεσβείᾳ give it pledges of safe conduct, Aeschin.3.63, cf. 2.109; so ς. τινί obtain a truce for one, X.An.2.3.7); ς. πρός τινας, for τισι, Th.5.17, 30, X.An.3.5.16; of a person, σπείσασθαι cum Bruto et Cassio, Cic.Att. 15.29.2: metaph., “ς. συμφοραῖς καὶ θεσπίσμασινE.Or.1680 sq.; ς. ἐπὶ τοῖσδε on these terms, Id.Ph.1240; “ἐφ᾽ . . X.An.4.4.6; also “ς. ὥστε μὴ ἀδικεῖνTh.6.7; “ς. μὴν ἐμμενεῖν ἐν ταῖς σπονδαῖςId.4.118: c. inf. alone, Id.7.83: less freq. c. acc., εἰρήνην σπεισάμενοι Λακεδαιμονίοισι having concluded a peace with them, Hdt.7.148; νεῖκος ἐσπεῖσθαι make up a quarrel, E.Med.1140; “πόλεμονD.H.9.36; ς. ἀναίρεσιν τοῖς νεκροῖς obtain a truce for taking up the dead, Th.3.24; “ς. σφίσιν ἡμέραν τοὺς νεκροὺς ἀνελέσθαιId.4.114; “ς. ἀναχώρησίν τινιId.3.109; “ς. περὶ τῶν τέκνωνPlu.2.494d:—pf. ἔσπεισμαι is used in med. sense in E.Med. l.c.; “τοῖς ἐχθροῖς ἐσπείσμηνLuc.Phal.1.3; but in pass. sense, “ἐσπεῖσθαι τὰς σπονδάςTh.4.16; “οἷς ἔσπειστοId.3.111: aor., “ἐσπείσθησαν ἀνοχαίPlu.Rom.19. (In Th.4.98, τοὺς νεκροὺς σπένδουσιν ἀναιρεῖσθαι, emphasis is laid on the act of one of the parties, and in AP9.422 (Apollonid.), σπεῖσαι δεύτερα φίλτρα γάμου, Reiske cj. σπεύσῃς.) (Cf. Hittite šipand- 'pour a libation', Lat. spondeo.
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hide References (62 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (62):
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 15.29.2
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 109
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 63
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1534
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 106
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 313
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 284
    • Euripides, Electra, 512
    • Euripides, Medea, 1140
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1187
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1322
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1680
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1240
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.147
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.144
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.187
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.54
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.151
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.148
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.196
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.259
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.177
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.775
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.227
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.45
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.591
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.137
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.138
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.165
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.363
    • Homer, Odyssey, 13.55
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.334
    • New Testament, 2 Timothy, 4.6
    • New Testament, Philippians, 2.17
    • Sophocles, Electra, 270
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1033
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.18
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.111
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.118
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.83
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.114
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.99
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.7
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.9.7
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.3.7
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.5.16
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.4.6
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.151
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.89
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 42
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 199
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 225
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.109
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.24
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.5
    • Old Testament, Numbers, 28.7
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.98
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.17
    • Plutarch, Sertorius, 14
    • Plutarch, Romulus, 19
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 9.36
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