Chapter 2: civil and military operations in Missouri.
- Position of National troops in Missouri
-- Sigel's pursuit of Price, 42.
-- battle near Carthage, 43.
-- Sigel's retreat to Springfield
-- Lyon's March southward, 44.
-- he hastens toward Springfield
-- Confederates marching on that town, 45.
-- Lyon goes out to meet them
-- battle at Dug Springs, 46.
-- Price and McCulloch at variance
-- the Confederates at Wilson's Creek, 47.
-- Lyon marches out to attack them, 48.
-- battle of Wilson's Creek, 49.
-- death of General Lyon
-- Major Sturgis in command
-- Sigel's troops lost by a trick of the Confederates, 53.
-- a drawn battle
-- retreat of the National troops northward, 54.
-- guerrillas in Missouri
-- activity of Union troops
-- civil affairs in Missouri, 55.
-- promises of protection to slavery
-- movements of the Missouri traitors
-- a military despotism proclaimed, 56.
-- operations of Hardee, Thompson, and Pillow, 57.
-- measures for annexing Missouri to the Confederacy, 58.
-- General Fremont in command in the Western Department
-- his embarrassments, 59.
-- aspect of affairs in his Department
-- Kentucky neutrality a help to the insurgents, 60.
-- Cairo and its vicinity strengthened
-- Pillow anxious for a Union of Confederate forces, 61.
-- the Confederates alarmed
-- Polk orders Pillow to fly from Missouri, 62.
-- activity of Missouri secessionists
-- guerrilla bands, 63.
-- Fremont proclaims martial law throughout Missouri
-- secessionists rigorously treated
-- Fremont's Emancipation proclamation, 64.
-- the proclamation modified by the President
-- relations of the Government to slavery, 65.
We left General Lyon
in possession of Booneville, Missouri
from which he had driven the Confederates
, on the 18th of June.
These leaders, as we have observed, were satisfied that the northern part of the State
was lost to the cause of Secession, for the time, they endeavored to concentrate their troops with Ben McCulloch
's more southern men, in the southwestern part of the Commonwealth
We also left Colonel Franz Sigel
in the vicinity of Rolla
, pushing with eager Missouri
loyalists toward the Confederate
camps, on the borders of Kansas
arrived at Springfield
on the 23d of June, where he was informed that the Confederates
, under Governor Jackson
, were making their way from the Osage River
in a southwesterly direction.
He pushed on to Sarcoxie
, a post-village in Jackson County
, where he arrived toward the evening of the 28th, and learned that General Price
, with about nine hundred troops, was encamped at Pool's Prairie
, a few miles north of Neosho
, the capital of Newton County
, and that other State troops, under Jackson
, were making their way in the same direction.
It. was important to prevent their junction.
resolved to march first on Price
, and capture or disperse his force, and then, turning northward, attack the other troops, and so open a communication with General Lyon
, who, he had been informed (but incorrectly), had been fighting with the Confederates
on the banks of the Little Osage.
's march from Sarcoxie
had just commenced, when a scout brought him word that Price
had fled from Pool's Prairie
to Elk Mills
, thirty miles south of Neosho
He at once turned his attention to the troops north of him, who he supposed were endeavoring to make their way into Arkansas
.. He sent forward a detachment of two companies, under Captain Grone
, with two field-pieces, toward Cedar Creek
and Grand Falls
, on the Neosho
, to occupy a road in this supposed route of the Confederates
, and to gain information, while he pushed on with the remainder of his command to Neosho
, receiving greetings of welcome from the inhabitants on the way, who had been pillaged by the insurgents.
He had already summoned Colonel Salomon
, with his Missouri
battalion, to join him at Neosho
, and with this addition
to his force, he went forward to meet his foe, leaving a single rifle company, under Captain Conrad
, to protect the loyal inhabitants there, with orders to retreat to Sarcoxie