took prompt measures to secure the advantages derived from the capture of Fort Erie
), for it was known that General Riall
, who was then in chief command on the Niagara
frontier, was moving towards Fort Erie
Early in the morning of July 3, 1814, he had sent forward some of the Royal
Scots to reinforce the garrison.
, at the mouth of Chippewa Creek
, they heard of the surrender of the fort, when Riall
determined to make an immediate attack upon the Americans
Hearing that reinforcements were coming from York
, he deferred the attack until the next morning.
To meet this force, General Brown
sent forward General Scott
with his brigade, accompanied by Towson
's artillery, on the morning of the 4th.
was ordered in the same direction with his brigade, but was not ready to move until the afternoon.
went down the Canada
side of the Niagara River
, skirmishing nearly all the way to Street's Creek, driving back a British advanced detachment.
The main portions of Brown
's army reached Scott
's encampment on the south side of Street's Creek that night, and on the morning of the 5th the opposing armies were only two miles apart.
At about noon Scott
was joined by General Porter
, with his volunteers and Indians
had also been reinforced.
The two armies were feeling each other for some time, when preliminary skirmishing was begun by Porter
with marked success.
behaved gallantly under the leadership of Captain Pollard
and the famous Red Jacket
advanced corps, severely smitten, fled back in affright towards Chippewa
pursued, and found himself within a few yards of the entire British force, advancing in battle order.
A desperate struggle ensued.
Finally the British
made a furious charge with bayonets.
Hearing nothing from Scott
ordered a retreat.
It became a tumultuous rout.
It was now towards evening.
had been watching Porter
's movements with great anxiety, and had ordered Scott
to cross Street's Creek, when Porter
flying troops were observed.
had sent forward some Royal Scots, part of another regiment of regulars, a regiment of Lincoln
militia, and about 300 Indians
Street's Creek Bridge in 1861, looking North.|
These composed the force that fought Porter
crossed Street's Creek in the face of a heavy cannonade, and very soon the battle raged with fury along the entire line of both armies.
Several times the British
line was broken and closed up again.
Finally a flank movement and a furious charge were made by Major McNeill
with Colonel Campbell
's 11th regiment, and a terrific fire from a corps under Major Jesup
in the centre made the British
line give way. It broke and fled in haste to the intrenchments below Chippewa Creek
The fugitives tore up the bridge over the creek behind them, leaving an impassable chasm between themselves and the Americans
The battle-field (opposite Navy Island
) was strewn with the dead and dying.
lost, in killed, wounded, and missing, 355 men; the British
lost, by the same casualties, 604 men, of whom 236 were killed.
On that hot July evening a gentle shower of rain descended, which mitigated the horrors of the battle-field.
was eager to pursue, but was compelled to wait for the tardy Ripley
, who did not arrive in time to participate in the battle or to join in an instant pursuit.
The immediate results of the battle were important.
The Indian allies of the British
were disheartened, and nearly all of them left the army and returned to their homes.
were greatly inspirited.