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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 254 BC or search for 254 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
lin. Nat. 22.6; Oros. 4.8; Florus, 2.2.13, who erroneously calls Atilius Calatinus dictator ; Aurel. Vict. De Vir. Illustr. 39; Gel. 3.7 ; Frontin. Stratag. 4.5.10.) After his escape from this danger, he conquered Camarina, Enna, Drepanum, and other places, which had till then been in the possession of the Carthaginians. Towards the close of the year he made an attack upon Lipara, where the operations were continued by his successor. On his return to Rome he was honoured with a triumph. In B. C. 254 he was invested with the consulship a second time. Shortly before this event the Romans had lost nearly their whole fleet in a storm off cape Pachynum, but Atilius Calatinus and his colleague Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina built a new fleet of 220 ships in the short space of three months, and both the consuls then sailed to Sicily. The main event of that year was the capture of Panormus. (Plb. 1.38; Zonar. 8.14.) In B. C. 249 Atilius Calatinus was appointed dictator for the purpose of carrying
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s a few thin plates of silver. Niebuhr (iii. p. 555) speaks of this censorship as missing; but, though it is not mentioned by the epitomizer of Livy, we suspect that there is some classical auand thority extant concerning it, known to less modern scholars, for Panciroli (de Clar. Interp. p. 21) says, that Coruncanius was censor with C. Claudius; and Val. Forsterus (Historia Juris, fol. 41, b.) states, that in his censorship the population ineluded in the census amounted to 277,222. About B. C. 254, Coruncanius was created pontifex maximus, and was the first plebeian who ever filled that office (Liv. Epist. xviii.), although, before that time, his brother jurist, P. Sempronius Sophus, and other plebeians, had been pontifices. (Liv. 10.9.) In B. C. 246, he was appointed dictator for the purpose of holding the comitia, in order to prevent the necessity of recalling either of the consuls from Sicily; and he must have died shortly afterwards, at a very advanced age (Cic. de Senect. 6), f
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Q. Ogu'lnius and Cn. Ogu'lnius (search)
and Cn. OGULNII, tribunes of the plebs, B. C. 300, proposed and carried a law by which the number of the pontiffs was increased from four to eight, and that of the augurs from four to nine, and which enacted that four of the pontiffs and five of the augurs should be taken from the plebs. (Liv. 10.6-9.) Besides these eight pontiffs there was the pontifex maximus, who is generally not included when the number of pontiffs is spoken of. The pontifex maximus continued to be a patrician down to B. C. 254, when Tib. Coruncanius was the first plebeian who was invested with this dignity. In B. C. 296 Q. and Cn. Ogulnii were curule aediles. They prosecuted several persons for violating the usury laws; and with the money accruing from the fines inflicted in consequence they executed many public works (Liv. 10.23). The name of Cn. Ogulnius does not occur again after this year. In B. C. 294 Q. Ogulnius was sent at the head of an embassy to Epidaurus, in order to fetch Aesculapiu to Rome, that
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
a Roman artist, in the department of ornamental metal-work (caelatura). He was the maker of one of the most admired of cylindrical bronze caskets (cistae mysticae), which are found in tons in Italy, containing paterae, mirrors, and utensils of the bath, such as strigils. The greatest number of such caskets have been found at Praeneste, where some of them seem to have been laid up in the temple of Fortune, as votive offerings from women. The one which bears the name of Plautius is beautifully engraved with subjects from the Argonautic expedition; a hunt is engraved round the lid, which is surmounted by three figures in bronze; and on the lid is the fol lowing inscription: on the one side, DINDIA. MACOLINA. FILEA. DEIT,--on the other, NOVIOS. PLAUTIOS. MED . (me) ROMAI . FECID. From the style of the workmanship and of the inscription, the date of the artist is supposed to be about A. U. 500, B. C. 254. (Winckelmann, Gesch. d. Kunst, b. 8.4.7; Müller, Arch. d. Kunst, § 173, n. 4.) [P.
certain, the time of his birth is a more doubtful point. Ritschl, who has examined the subject with great diligence and acumen in his essay De Aetate Plauti, supposes that he was born about the beginning of the sixth century of the city (about B. C. 254), and that he commenced his career as a comic poet about B. C. 224, when he was thirty years of age. This supposition is con firmed by the fact that Cicero speaks (Cato, 14) of the Pseudolus, which was acted in. B. C.191, as written by Plattus itten Arsin., subsequently Arsinii, and finally Asinii. Having thus discussed the chief points connected with the life of our poet, we may sum up the results in a few words. T. Maccius Plautus was born at the Umbrian village of Sarsina, about B. C. 254. He probably came to Rome at an early age, since he displays such a perfect mastery of the Latin language, and an acquaintance with Greek literature, which he could hardly have acquired in a provincial town. Whether he ever obtained the Roman f
Sci'pio 6. Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina, the son of No. 5. The reason of his cognomen Asina is related by Macrobius (Macr. 1.6). He was consul in B. C. 260, with C. Duillius, in the fifth year of the first Punic war, and received the command of the fleet which the Romans had recently built. In an attempt upon the Liparaean islands, he was taken prisoner with seventeen ships; but the details of his capture are related somewhat differently (Plb. 1.21, 22; Liv. Ep. 17; Oros. 4.7 ; Eutrop. 2.20; Flor. 2.2; Zonar. 8.10; V. Max. 6.6.2; Polyaen. 6.16.5). He probably recovered his liberty when Regulus invaded Africa; for he was consul a second time in B. C. 254, with A. Atilius Calatinus. In this year he was more successful. He and his colleague crossed over into Sicily, and took the important town of Panormus. The services of Scipio were rewarded by a triumph. (Plb. 1.38; Zonar. 8.14 ; V. Max. 6.9.11; Fasti Capit.)