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M. W. MacCallum, Shakespeare's Roman Plays and their Background, Julius Caesar, chapter 4 (search)
ed on a tragedy on the same subject called Caesar's Fall. Now it is a well ascertained fact that when a drama was a success at one theatre, something on a similar theme commonly followed at another. The entry therefore, that in the early summer of 1602 Henslowe had several playwrights working at this material, apparently in a hurry, since so many are sharing in the task, is in so far presumptive evidence that Shakespeare's Julius Caesar had been produced in the same year or shortly beforble. Among Shakespeare's serious plays Julius Caesar most resembles in style Henry V., written between March and September 1599, as the above allusion to Essex‘ expedition shows,Henry V.v. prologue 30. and Hamlet, entered at Stationers' Hall in 1602, as latelie acted. But the connection is a good deal closer with the latter than with the former, and extends to the parallelism and contrast between the chief persons, both of them philosophic students called upon to make a decision for which the
M. W. MacCallum, Shakespeare's Roman Plays and their Background, Coriolanus, chapter 17 (search)
t to pair him with the Roman who would not flatter Neptune for his trident, and of whom it was said, his heart's his mouth. Still the analogies in career and character are there, so far as they go; but they are insufficient to prove that the actual suggested the poetical tragedy, still less to override the internal evidence, relative though that be; for they could linger and germinate in the poet's mind to bring forth fruit long afterwards: as for example the treason and execution of Biron in 1602 inspired Chapman to write The Conspiracie and The Tragedie which were acted in 1608. Again, in connection with what seems to be the actual date, an attempt has been made to explain one prominent characteristic of the play from a domestic experience through which Shakespeare had just passed. His mother died in September 1608, and her memory is supposed to be enshrined in the picture of Volumnia. As Dr. Brandes puts it:William Shakespeare, a critical study. The death of a mother
better. But now, said he, I must die, the God of the English is much angry with me, and will destroy me. Ah! I was afraid of the scoffs of the wicked Indians; yet my child shall live with the English, and learn to know their God, when I am dead. I will give him to Mr. Wilson: he is much good man, and much love me. So sent for Mr. Wilson to come to him, and committed his only child to his care, and so died. The Indians were powerful on this shore; and Gosnold, who was at Cape Cod in 1602, says this coast is very full of people. Capt. Smith, who was here in 1614, says it was well inhabited with many people. Sir Ferdinando Gorges adds, At our first discovery of those coasts, we found it very populous, the inhabitants stout and warlike. Speaking of the Mattachusetts, Capt. Smith observes, For their trade and merchandise, to each of their principal families or habitations, they have divers towns and people belonging, and, by their relations and descriptions, more than twenty s
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
oating on the ocean helplessly, were picked up, taken to England, and by the stories which they told of the beautiful land they had left, caused Queen Elizabeth to encourage voyages of discover in that direction. Sir Walter Raleigh, favored by the Queen, sent two ships, commanded by Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow, to the middle regions of the North American coast. They discovered Roanoke Island and the main near, and in honor of the unmarried Queen the whole country was named Virginia. In 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold, sailing from England directly across the Atlantic, discovered the continent on May 14, near Nahant, Mass., and sailing southward also discovered a long, sandy point, which he named Cape Cod, because of the great number of that fish found there. He also discovered Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands. In 1604 Martin Pring discovered the coast of Maine. Again the French had turned their attention to North America. M. de Chastes, governor of Dieppe, h
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cod, Cape (search)
Cod, Cape The long, narrow, and sandy peninsula of Massachusetts, somewhat resembling a person's arm slightly bent at the elbow; about 65 miles long, and from one to 20 miles wide. It belongs to Barnstable county. On its northern extremity, known as Race Point, is a light-house with a revolving light 47 feet above the sea. This section of Massachusetts was discovered and named by Bartholomew Gosnold (q. v.), in 1602.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Delaware, Lord (search)
Delaware, Lord The 3d Lord Delaware succeeded his father in 1602; appointed governor of Virginia in 1609; and arrived at Jamestown, June 9, 1610. He built two forts at the mouth of the James River, which he named Henry and Charles respectively, in honor of the King's sons. In 1611 he sailed for the West Indies, but was driven back by a storm and landed at the mouth of the Delaware River, from whence he sailed for England. In 1618 he embarked for Virginia and died on the voyage.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gosnold, Bartholomew 1602- (search)
Gosnold, Bartholomew 1602- Navigator; born in England; date unknown; became a stanch friend of Sir Walter Raleigh. Because of Raleigh's failure, he did not lose faith. The long routes of the vessels by way of the West Indies seemed to him unnecessary, and he advocated the feasibility of a more direct course across the Atlantic. He was offered the command of an expedition by the Earl of Southampton, to make a small settlement in the more northerly part of America; and on April 26, 1602, Gosnold sailed from Falmouth, England, in a small vessel, with twenty colonists and eight mariners. He took the proposed shorter route, and touched the continent near Nahant, Mass., it is supposed, eighteen days after his departure from England. Finding no good harbor there, he sailed southward, discovered and named Cape Cod, and landed there. This was the first time the shorter (present) route from England to New York and Boston had been traversed; and it was the first time an Englishman se
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Libraries, free public (search)
rature of power. Their purpose is not to furnish information, but to give pleasure. Literature of this sort adds no new fact, nor is it superseded, nor does it lose any of its value by lapse of time. To assume that it does would be to assume that beauty of form could become obsolete. This is not so in painting, in sculpture, in architecture. Why should it be so in prose fiction, in poetry, in the drama? Was there, in fact, an aesthetic value in the Canterbury tales in 1380, in Hamlet in 1602, in Ivanhoe in 1819, that is not to be found in them now? But a large portion of latter-day fiction is fiction with a purpose; another way of saying that it is a work of art composed for the dissemination of doctrine. This element promotes it at once to the dignity of a treatise, a new view of politics, a new criticism of social conditions, a new creed. Here is something that concerns the student of sociology. And surely his needs are worthy of prompt response. In fact, his needs an
Maine, This most easterly State in the Union was admitted in 1820. Its shores were first visited by Europeans under Bartholomew Gosnold (1602) and Martin Pring (1603), though it is possible they were seen by Cabot (1498) and Verrazano (1524). The French, under De Monts, wintered near the site of Calais, on the St. Croix (1604-5), and took possession of the Sagadahock, or Kennebec, River. Captain Weymouth was there in 1605, and kidnapped some of the natives; and in 1607 the Plymouth Company sent emigrants to settle there, but they did Seal of the State of Maine. not remain long. A French mission established at Mount Desert was broken up by Samuel Argall (q. v.) in 1613, and the next year Captain Smith, landing first at Monhegan Island, explored the coast of Maine. The whole region of Maine, and far southward, westward and eastward, was included in the charter of the Plymouth Company, and in 1621 the company, having granted the country east of the St. Croix to Sir William Ale
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
Massachusetts, One of the original thirteen States of the Union; founded by English Puritans who fled from persecution (see Puritans). Its shores were probably visited by Northmen at the beginning of the eleventh century (Northmen), and possibly Sebastian Cabot saw them (1498), and also Verrazano (1524). The shores were explored by Bartholomew Gosnold (1602), Samuel Champlain (1604), and John Smith (1614); but the first permanent European settlement was made on the shores of Cape Cod Bay by some English Non-conformists, who, calling themselves Pilgrims, had fled from England to Holland, sojourned there a few years, formed a church at Leyden, and in 1620 came to America, where they might worship God with perfect freedom. Having made arrangements with the Plymouth Company for planting a settlement, and for funds with some London merchants, they went from Delftshaven to England, and sailed for America from Plymouth in the Mayflower, of 180 tons' burden, on Sept. 17 (N. S.), and, af
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