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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Promotion to first Lieutenant-capture of the City of Mexico-the Army-Mexican soldiers- peace negotiations (search)
d anybody to negotiate with. A temporary government, however, was soon established at Queretaro, and Trist began negotiations for a conclusion of the war. Before terms were finally agreed upon he was ordered back to Washington, but General Scott prevailed upon him to remain, as an arrangement had been so nearly reached, and the administration must approve his acts if he succeeded in making such a treaty as had been contemplated in his instructions. The treaty was finally signed the 2d of February, 1848, and accepted by the government at Washington. It is that known as the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and secured to the United States the Rio Grande as the boundary of Texas, and the whole territory then included in New Mexico and Upper California, for the sum of $15,000,000. Soon after entering the city of Mexico, the opposition of Generals Pillow, Worth and Colonel [James] Duncan to General Scott became very marked. Scott claimed that they had demanded of the President his remo
entence, and tell me honestly what you think of it. I condensed all I could for fear of being cut off by the hour rule; and when I got through I had spoken but forty-five minutes. Yours forever, A. Lincoln. I digress from the Mexican war subject long enough to insert, because in the order of time it belongs here, a characteristic letter which he wrote me regarding a man who was destined at a later day to play a far different role in the national drama. Here it is: Washington, Feb. 2, 1848. Dear William: I just take up my pen to say that Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, a little, slim, pale-faced, consumptive man, with a voice like Logan's, has just concluded the very best speech of an hour's length I ever heard. My old, withered, dry eyes are full of tears yet. If he writes it out anything like he delivered it our people shall see a good many copies of it. Yours truly, A. Lincoln. To Wm. H. Herndon, Esq. February 15 he wrote me again in criticism of the President'
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guadalupe-Hidalgo, treaty of (search)
Guadalupe-Hidalgo, treaty of Feb. 2, 1848, between the United States and Mexico, by which the latter ceded to the United States all the country north of the Rio Grande to the point where that river strikes the southern boundary of New Mexico, and westward to one league south of San Diego, Cal.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
ng him to spare the town and treat for peace. He would make no terms, but entered the city, Sept. 13, a conqueror; and from the grand plaza he proclaimed the conquest of the republic of Mexico. Santa. Ana made some feeble efforts to regain lost power, but failed. He was defeated in two slight battles. Before the close of October he was stripped of every command, and fled for safety to the shores of the Gulf. The president of the Mexican Congress assumed provisional authority, and, on Feb. 2, 1848, that body concluded a treaty of peace with the United States commissioners at Guadalupe-Hidalgo. It was ratified by both governments, and, on July 4, 1848, President Polk proclaimed it. It stipulated the evacuation of Mexico by the American troops within three months; the payment of $3,000,000 in hand, and $12,000,000 in four annual instalments, by the United States to Mexico, for New Mexico and California, which had become territory of the United States by conquest, and, in addition, t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties. (search)
Treaty of ExtraditionMexicoDec. 11, 1861 Convention of Adjustment of claimsWashingtonJuly 4, 1868 Convention of Citizenship of emigrantsWashingtonJuly 10, 1868 Convention of Mutual right to pursue Indians across the boundaryWashingtonJuly 29, 1882 Convention of CommercialWashingtonJan. 20, 1883 Convention of International boundaryWashingtonNov. 12, 1884 Mexican Republic: Convention of Adjustment of claimsWashingtonApril 11, 1839 Treaty of Peace, friendship, limitsGuadalupe-HidalgoFeb. 2, 1848 Treaty of Boundary, etc.MexicoDec. 30, 1853 Morocco: Treaty of Peace and friendshipJan., 1787 Treaty of PeaceSept. 16, 1836 Convention of To maintain light-house at Cape Spartel. (Signed by U. S. Austria, Belgium, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden)TangierMay 31, 1865 Convention of Protection (signed by 13 powers)MadridJuly 3, 1880 Muscat: Treaty of Amity and commerceMuscatSept. 21, 1833 Nassau: Convention of Abolishing droit d'aubaineBerlinMay 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. (search)
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. A treaty of peace, friendship, limits, and settlements was concluded at Guadalupe-Hidalgo, a city of Mexico, Feb. 2, 1848, between Nicholas P. Trist on the part of the United States, and Don Luis Gonzaga Cuevas, Don Bernardo Couto, and Don Miguel Atristain on the part of Mexico. It provided for a convention for the provisional suspension of hostilities; for the cessation of the blockade of Mexican ports; for the evacuation of the Mexican capital by the United States troops within a month after the ratification of the treaty, and the evacuation of Mexican territory within three months after such evacuation; for the restoration of prisoners of war; for a commission to survey and define the boundary-lines between the United States and Mexico; for the free navigation of the Gulf of California and the Colorado and Green rivers for United States vessels; freedom of Mexicans in any territory acquired by the United States; Indian incursions; payment of money
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
c carried by storm, and the city of Mexico occupied by the United States troops. Sept. 13, 1847 Gen. Zachary Taylor returns to the United States......November, 1847 Thirtieth Congress, first session, assembles......Dec. 6, 1847 By resolution Congress authorizes the erection on public grounds in Washington of a monument to George Washington......Jan. 31, 1848 Treaty of peace, friendship, limits, claims, etc., between the United States and Mexico signed at Guadalupe Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848 John Quincy Adams, sixth President, dies at Washington, aged eighty-one......Feb. 23, 1848 [Was in his seat in the House when stricken with apoplexy, Feb. 21.] John Jacob Astor dies in New York, aged eighty-five......March 29, 1848 Congress authorizes a loan of $16,000,000......March 31, 1848 By resolution Congress tenders the congratulations of the people of the United States to the French people on becoming a republic......April 13, 1848 Democratic National Convention
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arizona, (search)
e Tucson now stands......1580 Jesuit missionaries on Santa Cruz River, about......1600 Spaniards from Mexico form settlements from Tucson to the Mexican line, and partly occupy the country for nearly 150 years. They are finally driven out by the Indians before......1821 First hunters and trappers from the United States probably visited Arizona in......1824 All Arizona north of the river Gila is included in cession by Mexico to United States by treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848 First American settlers were persons on their way to California, who stopped on the Gila to engage in stock-raising......1849 Gadsden purchase brought to the United States all of Arizona south of the Gila......Dec. 30, 1853 Act of Congress organizing the Territory......Feb. 24, 1863 Gov. John N. Goodwin, in camp at Navajo Springs, formally organizes the territorial government and fixes its temporary seat near Fort Whipple......Dec. 29, 1863 First territorial legislature a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
er in person, at Monterey, all public documents in his charge, which he does with hesitation......March 1, 1847 Col. Richard B. Mason appointed governor......May 31, 1847 First steamboat in California waters leaves San Francisco, reaching Sacramento in six days and seven hours......Nov. 28, 1847 Gold discovered near Coloma on Col. John Sutter's land, by James Wilson Marshall......Jan. 19, 1848 California and New Mexico ceded to the United States by treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Feb. 2, 1848; proclaimed in California......August, 1848 First emigrants from China, two men and one woman, arrive in the bark Eagle......1848 First gold from California, 1,804.59 ounces, deposited in the United States mint by David Carter......Dec. 8, 1848 Brig.-Gen. Bennett Riley, instructed by the Secretary of War to assume the civil administration, arrives by sea at Monterey, April 12, 1849. He issues a proclamation for a temporary government to replace the local provisional governments
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nevada, (search)
alker and thirty-five or forty men, trappers, pass through Nevada from Great Salt Lake by the Humboldt River into California......1832-33 A party under Elisha Stevens, sometimes called the Murphy Company, pass through Nevada down the Humboldt in wagons on their way to California......1844 Gen. J. C. Fremont's expedition crosses Nevada from near Pilot Knob into California......1845 Nevada included in the territory ceded to the United States by the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848 H. S. Beatie takes possession of the present site of Genoa, erects a log-house, and opens a supply depot for emigrants......1849 Gold discovered in small quantities in Gold Cañon, near Dayton, by Abner Blackburn......July, 1849 An immigrant named Hardin discovers silver in the Black Rock range, 1 1/2 miles from the place settled in 1866 as Hardinville......1849 Nevada included in the Territory of Utah by act......Sept. 9, 1850 Trading-post erected on land where Carson City
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