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One of the Western States of the American Union, is bounded north by Oregon and Idaho, east by Utah and Arizona, south by Arizona and California, and west by California. It is limited in latitude by 35° to 42° N., and in longitude by 114° to 120° W.; and has an area of 110,700 square miles in fourteen counties. Population in 1890, 45,761; 1900, 42,335. Capital, Carson City.

Father Francisco Garces sets out from Sonora for California, and passes through the southern portion of Nevada......1775

Peter Skeen Ogden, of the Hudson Bay Fur Company, discovers the Humboldt River......1825

Jedediah S. Smith crosses the southeast corner of Nevada on his way from Great Salt Lake to Los Angeles, Cal., and on his return crosses the Sierra Nevada and the entire State of Nevada from west to east......1827

Joseph Walker and thirty-five or forty men, trappers, pass through Nevada from Great Salt Lake by the Humboldt River into California......1832-33

A party under Elisha Stevens, sometimes called the Murphy Company, pass through Nevada down the Humboldt in wagons on their way to California......1844

Gen. J. C. Fremont's expedition crosses Nevada from near Pilot Knob into California......1845

Nevada included in the territory ceded to the United States by the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo......Feb. 2, 1848

H. S. Beatie takes possession of the present site of Genoa, erects a log-house, and opens a supply depot for emigrants......1849

Gold discovered in small quantities in Gold Cañon, near Dayton, by Abner Blackburn......July, 1849

An immigrant named Hardin discovers silver in the Black Rock range, 1 1/2 miles from the place settled in 1866 as Hardinville......1849

Nevada included in the Territory of Utah by act......Sept. 9, 1850

Trading-post erected on land where Carson City now stands......1851

E. Allen and Hosea B. Grosch discover silver ore in Gold Cañon......1853

Carson City laid out in Eagle Valley by Abraham V. Z. Curry, who built a stone house there......1858

Chinese first introduced into Nevada to work on a mining-ditch at Gold Cañon......1858 [435]

Territorial enterprise started at Genoa by William L. Jernegan and A. James......Dec. 18, 1858

Penrod Comstock & Co. discover the socalled Comstock lode in Six-Mile Cañon......June 11, 1859

First settlement on the site of Reno made by C. W. Fuller......1859

A constitution for the unorganized Territory of Nevada, prepared in July, is adopted by the people......Sept. 7, 1859

First pony express reaches Carson Valley in eight and a half days from St. Joseph, Mo. The news by it is telegraphed to San Francisco and published there in nine days from New York......April 12, 1860

First Catholic church in Nevada erected at Genoa by Father Gallagher......1860

War between the settlers and the Pah-Utes Indians opens by an attack on Williams Station, May 7. Battle at Pyramid Lake fought May 12, and at Fort Storey, June 3, after which the Indians disperse......1860

Territory of Nevada organized by Congress......March 2, 1861

Jesse L. Bennett, a Methodist preacher in Carson Valley during 1859, delivers the first sermon ever preached in Virginia City, then the capital......1861

Governor Nye proclaims the Territory organized......July 11, 1861

Carson City declared the permanent seat of government by act of the legislature......Nov. 25, 1861

Butler Ives, commissioner on the part of Nevada, and John F. Kidder, of California, meet in Lake Valley to establish the boundary-line between California and Nevada......May 22, 1863

Discovery of a salt basin five miles square, near the sink of the Carson River, containing pure rock-salt to a depth of 14 feet......1864

Under act of March 21, 1864, a convention to form a State constitution meets at Carson City, July 4; Nevada was admitted by proclamation......Oct. 31, 1864

Freemasonry established in the State in February, 1862, and the grand lodge of Nevada organized......January, 1865

Sutro Tunnel Company chartered to build a tunnel some 4 miles long to intersect and drain the Comstock lode at a depth of 1,600 feet......Feb. 4, 1865

Eastern boundary of Nevada extended one degree by act of Congress......May 5, 1866

First railroad locomotive enters the State, running from the California side to Crystal Peak......1867

United States Supreme Court declares unconstitutional an act of Nevada legislature levying a capitation tax of $1 on every person leaving the State by any railroad, stage-coach, or other carrier of passengers......1868

Legislature ratifies Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States......March 1, 1869

United States branch mint at Carson City, founded in 1866, begins operations......Nov. 1, 1869

Corner-stone of the State capitol laid, June 9, 1870, and building completed and occupied......August, 1871

Lieutenant-Governor Denver refuses to surrender the State prison to his successor in office, P. C. Hyman, until compelled by militia and sixty armed men under General Van Bokkelen, with one piece of artillery......1873

State University of Nevada, chartered in 1864, is opened at Elko......1874

Bishop Whitaker's school for girls opened at Reno......1876

Legislature by joint resolution amends the constitution so as to exclude from the privilege of electors any bigamist or polygamist......1877

State fish commission appointed by act of legislature, and a hatchery established at Carson City......1878

Completion of the Sutro tunnel celebrated in the Carson Valley......June 30, 1879

Nickel-mines discovered in Humboldt county......1882

United States branch mint at Carson City closed......1885

State university removed from Elko to Reno and reopened......March, 1886

Acts of legislature passed providing for State immigration bureau and for the observance of Arbor Day in the State......1887

Fourteen constitutional amendments voted upon by the people, who reject one to authorize lotteries, and adopt one [436] giving women the right to hold school offices. Election held......Feb. 11, 1889

Legislature appropriates $100,000 for a hydrographic survey of the State, and provides for State board of reclamation and internal improvement......1889

Governor Stevenson dies, and is succeeded by Lieut.-Gov. Frank Bell, acting......Sept. 21, 1890

Twenty-five of the twenty-eight constitutional amendments proposed in 1891 ordered submitted to the people 1894......1893

New Hampshire

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