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s into a battalion, to be commanded by Stuart, thus relieving Capt. Turner Ashby, the idol of all the troopers, from chief command of the cavwhich Stuart, as a trained soldier, had in such an eminent degree. Ashby felt so aggrieved by this action that he determined to resign his cto two regiments, one under command of Col. Angus W. McDonald, with Ashby as lieutenant-colonel, who soon became its colonel, and the other u First regiment of Virginia cavalry, about 250 men, including Capt. Turner Ashby's company, temporarily attached to it by Colonel Jackson; aboid, concurred in Johnston's views. During this period Stuart and Ashby with their cavalry held Johnston's front along the Potomac from theeting until the night of the 18th, and then follow the army through Ashby's gap. Stuart screened this movement of Johnston's whole army from Manassas Gap railroad, the nearest one on his line of march through Ashby's gap, to ascertain whether railway trains could be procured for tr
discretion to move his command for the same purpose. The latter, in anticipation of such a call for aid, unhesitatingly consented to this arrangement, and Beauregard, on request, hastened trains up the Manassas Gap railroad to meet the army of the Shenandoah on the way to Manassas Junction and expedite its arrival. At the same time he suggested to Johnston that he concentrate his army at the Aldie gap of the Bull Run mountains, where the turnpikes from the valley through Snicker's gap and Ashby's gap of the Blue ridge unite, and then march southeastward by roads leading to McDowell's line of advance, and fall upon the right and rear of the Federal army while he pressed him offensively in front. This proposition of a divided instead of a combined cooper-ation did not meet the approval of Johnston. The Federal army, in light marching order, began its march toward Manassas in the afternoon of Tuesday, July 16th, and its advance, in well-disposed parallel columns, but little oppos
t's tavern, on the Little river turnpike. On October 16th, Col. Turner Ashby, who held the front of Harper's Ferry, determined to punish tforce enabling them to push back his smaller one as they advanced. Ashby had in his command some 300 militia, armed with flint-lock muskets, drive the enemy from the shelter of the houses at Harper's Ferry. Ashby was reinforced, on the 15th, by two more companies of McDonald's Vicharge of the rifle gun and Captain Cornfield of the 24-pounder. Ashby attacked in three divisions, drove the enemy from their breastwork countercharge, but were repulsed by the militia At that moment Colonel Ashby ordered a cavalry charge, led by Captain Turner, which was handin, from the position he had taken, had not been able to keep back, Ashby withdrew to the position, near Halltown, which the Federal pickets the Potomac and encamped on the first terrace of Maryland heights. Ashby reported his loss as 1 killed and 9 wounded, and that he had captur
nies in his district into a regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Turner Ashby. Unwilling to be idle and leave his foe to believe thates under Loring, a part of the militia, five batteries, and most of Ashby's regiment of cavalry, the whole numbering about 9,000 men. This moite Hancock on the night of the 4th. The next morning, through Colonel Ashby, he demanded a surrender of the town, threatening if that were th, 16 miles away, to confuse the enemy as to his intentions, while Ashby hovered near Romney watching the movements of the Federal forces. d Johnson from Camp Alleghany on the southwest. Three companies of Ashby's cavalry were left with Loring for outpost duty. Carson's brigadeof Shenandoah and Page, was placed at and beyond Martinsburg; while Ashby, with the larger portion of his cavalry regiment, held the line of derals until they could get away their train, when they retreated. Ashby drove Lander away from Bloomery gap on the 16th, but the Federals c
ming, and, abandoning his intrenched camps and advanced positions at Leesburg and elsewhere, along and near the Potomac, had put his forces behind the Rappahannock. Jackson, preferring fighting to retreating, skirmished with Banks' advance, offering him battle in front of Winchester, but when that was not accepted, reluctantly evacuating that historic town. Sending all his stores up the valley, he fell back to Strasburg, conforming his movements to those of Johnston, but, in the person of Ashby, his famous cavalry leader, constantly punishing every advance of his timid pursuer. Reaching the conclusion that he had started on the wrong road to Richmond, McClellan, on the 13th of March, called his corps commanders together, at Fairfax Court House, and proposed another plan of advance on Richmond, which they joined in recommending to President Lincoln and which he reluctantly accepted. The commanding general proposed to move a grand and splendidly-appointed army of 120,000 men, by
eries and some artillery to meet this attack. Ashby skirmished for a time and then withdrew, threes' men had left the Valley and concluded, from Ashby's reports, that but a small force remained at ade an advance on the 1st of April and forced Ashby's pickets back to Edinburg, on the line of Sto of Banks' camp, and regulate the movements of Ashby by signal. His whole army followed after Ashb the home of Gen. S. H. Lewis, for the night. Ashby's cavalry covered and concealed the movement bonfederate loss was but 26 killed and wounded. Ashby's movement had been successful, he having reac condition of Jackson's cavalry at that time. Ashby's poorly disciplined cavalry had been diverted conceal, thus greatly depleting his command. Ashby himself, with the few faithful men who had rem broke and was thrown into some confusion; but Ashby promptly rallied his men behind the bushes andon. On the 3d, Jackson retired to New Market, Ashby destroying the bridge across the North Fork of[33 more...]
ue ridge to the banks of the Shenandoah, guarding the passes of that mountain chain from the eastward; while Stuart held the Piedmont country and the passes through the Bull Run mountains, thus keeping Hooker within bounds with his great army encamped from Manassas, near Bull run, to Leesburg, near the Potomac, striving to keep pace with Lee's speedy northward movement. For five days Stuart held steady contention with Hooker's cavalry, effectually veiling Lee's movements, and then holding Ashby's gap of the Blue ridge against superior numbers, but with Longstreet just behind him, all along the ridge, while A. P. Hill passed the rear of the latter, by Chester gap, and rested in the Great valley, in and on the borders of which Lee had now gathered all of his army, except the cavalry immediately in charge of Stuart, which continued to hover around Hooker's flanks and rear. Lee had offered Hooker battle with Longstreet's corps, looking threateningly from the eastern slopes of the Blue
ith the Federal cavalry from the Maryland side. The 15th was spent in camp, while the trains and prisoners were sent toward the Valley, by way of Upperville and Ashby's gap, convoyed by McCausland. The enemy made demonstrations along the Potomac, shelling the cavalry guarding the fords. On the 16th, the army again marched, by western side, between Snicker's ferry and Berryville, while the other divisions encamped on both slopes of the Blue ridge. McCausland followed after the trains to Ashby's gap, and Johnson marched on roads to protect the right flank from the enemy at Hillsboro, who had come in from Harper's Ferry, but he failed in doing this and an In advancing across the mountain, the enemy met a lively cavalry contention. On the 19th an attempt was again made to cross the Shenandoah at Berry's ferry, from Ashby's gap, but this was frustrated and considerable loss inflicted on the enemy by the cavalry brigades of Imboden and McCausland. On the 20th of July, Ramseur's di
jor. Sixth Infantry battalion Local Defense Troops (Tredegar battalion): Tanner, William E., major. Sixth battalion Reserves (also called Sixteenth): Smith, John H. A., major; Smith, Robert, lieutenant-colonel. Sixth Infantry regiment: Corprew, Thomas J., lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Lundy, William T., major, lieutenant-colonel; Mahone, William, colonel; Rogers, George T., major, colonel; Taylor, Robert B., major; Williamson, Henry W., lieutenant-colonel Seventh Cavalry regiment: Ashby, Turner, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Dulany, Richard H., lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Funsten, Oliver R., major; :Hatcher, Daniel C., major; Jones, William E., colonel; Marshall, Thomas, major, lieutenant-colonel; McDonald, Angus W., colonel; Myers, Samuel B., major. Seventh Infantry battalion (merged into Sixty-first regiment): Wilson, Samuel M., lieutenant-colonel. Seventh Infantry battalion Local Defense Troops: Morton, B. C., major. Seventh battalion Reserves: Chrisman, George,
e that shrank from no danger. Brigadier-General Turner Ashby Brigadier-General Turner Ashby, aBrigadier-General Turner Ashby, a hero of the South whose memory is cherished with peculiar tenderness by the people of the Shenandoale of Kernstown immediately followed, in which Ashby, with his cavalry and artillery, and an infantfter this Jackson was rapidly reinforced, and Ashby's force was recruited to the dignity of a brig were burning the bridge over the Shenandoah. Ashby has infernal activity and ingenuity in this waderal advance, and a fierce combat ensued. As Ashby led the attack, his horse was shot under him, gade, largely composed of the men who followed Ashby in the valley. December 29th he was assigned Jackson in the Valley. Upon the death of General Ashby he was recommended by Gen. R. E. Lee as hil and sent to Mount Jackson to take command of Ashby's cavalry, and protect that region. From Ashbgeneral, and assigned to the old brigade of Turner Ashby, the Laurel brigade. With this gallant com[3 more...]