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ridges, 17-19 British Soldiers, 19 Brown, John 20 Brownlow, Gov 20 Bruce, Sir Robt 20 Bulfinch, Charles 20 Bunker Hill Monument, 20 Burnside, Gen 20 Burrill, Charles 20 Burroughs, Stephen 20 Burgoyne, John 20 Burns, Nellie 20 Burial Grounds, 20 Butler, Gen. B. F. 21 C. Cages for Criminals, 22 Cahill, Thomas 22 California, 22 Canadian Rebellion, 22 Canals, 22 Can-Can, 22 Carriages, Supt. of 22 Cards and Dice, 22 Cards, Hand 22 Carr, Sir Robert 23 Carnival of Authors, 23 Carson, Kit 23 Cass, Lewis, Gen 23 Cathedral, Catholic 23 Cavalry, 23 Cemeteries, 23 Century, 23 Celebrations, 23 Centennials, 24 Charters, Colonial 24 Charters, City 24 Cheever, Ezekiel 25 Chemical Chimney, 25 Children's Mission, 25 Chinese Junk, 25 Chinese Embassy, 25 Chimneys, 25 Christmas, 25 Cholera, 25 Churches, 25-33 City Auditor, 33 City Building, 33 City Clerk, 33 City Crier,
B., major; Lawson, Charles N., major; Mallory, Francis, colonel; Rice, Evan, major, lieutenantcol-onel; Saunders, Andrew D., major; Ward, William N., major. Fifty-sixth Infantry regiment: Green, William E., major. lieutenant-colonel; McPhail, John B., major; Slaughter, Philip Peyton, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Smith, Timoleon, major, lieutenant-colonel; Stuart, William D., colonel. Fifty-seventh Infantry regiment (formed from Keen's Infantry battalion): Armistead, Lewis A., colonel; Carr, George W., lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Dyer, David, major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Fontaine, Clement R., major, colonel; Hanes, Garland B., major; Heckman, David P., major; James, Waddy T., lieutenant-colonel; Keen, Elisha F., major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Magruder, John Bowie, major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel; Ramsey, William H., lieutenant-colonel; Smith, Andrew J., major; Wade, Benjamin H., major, lieutenant-colonel. Fifty-seventh Militia regiment: Kamey, Sanford J., colo
effect. This was his last battle. After eight months service, during which he was promoted brigadier-general in the provisional army, he returned home, shattered in body and mind, and his life was terminated December 26, 1861. Brigadier-General Raleigh Edward Colston Brigadier-General Raleigh Edward Colston was born at Paris, France, of Virginia parentage, October 31, 1825. When seventeen years old he came to America with a passport, as a citizen of the United States, issued by Minister Carr, and entering the Virginia military institute, was graduated in 1846. He remained at the institute as a professor until April, 1861, when he marched to Richmond in command of the corps of cadets. In May he was commissioned colonel of the Sixteenth Virginia regiment of infantry, at Norfolk, and was later assigned to command of a brigade and a district on the south side of the James river, with headquarters at Smithfield. He was promoted brigadier-general December 24, 1861. In the spri
mpanies of the First Vermont, five companies of the Fourth Massachusetts, two of Carr's mountain howitzers, and two pieces of regular artillery under Lieut. J. T. Greble, the whole force amounting, according to General Carr Carr's Articles, Battles and Leaders, II, 149. of the Federal army, to 3,500 men. On the night of the 9thCarr's Articles, Battles and Leaders, II, 149. of the Federal army, to 3,500 men. On the night of the 9th this force was advanced toward the Confederate position on two roads. At the convergence of these roads Colonel Bendix's Seventh New York regiment mistook Colonel Tand. The first Federal attack was on the front. As a result of this attack Colonel Carr says: Our troops were soon seeking the shelter of the woods after a vain atte Confederates, was killed. The gun that he was firing was abandoned, says General Carr, and his body left beside it, but subsequently recovered by a company that veport says that the Confederate cavalry pursued the Federals for five miles. Colonel Carr, who commanded the Federal rear guard, says, The pursuit of the Confeder
ed. On the right, were the divisions of Hovey, Carr, and A. J. Smith, and on the left, the division from Clinton, and occupied the town. By dark, Carr and Osterhaus were posted nearly parallel with olumn of troops approaching, which proved to be Carr's division: Mc-Clernand was with it in person. To the left of Carr, Osterhaus soon afterwards appeared, with his skirmishers well in advance. Gra speed. The situation was soon explained, and Carr also was ordered to pursue as rapidly as possib cross it if he could. Osterhaus was to follow Carr. Some of McPherson's troops had already got inlarge quantities of small-arms and ammunition. Carr reached Edward's station at eight o'clock P. M.e 17th, McClernand's corps resumed the pursuit, Carr's division in the advance, followed closely by hick copse reached from the road to the river. Carr's division occupied the right in investing the t met no opposition. The enemy had fled before Carr and Osterhaus could reach the ditch. Our troop[9 more...]
arest the railroad afforded excellent cover, and led to within twenty yards of the enemy's line. Carr's division joined Smith's left, on the railroad, and extended south, along and behind a narrow riwas still further to the south, with an interval of about two hundred yards between his right and Carr's left, in a ravine, the general direction of which was towards the point where the railroad ented been placed in battery, just to the left of the railroad, on a prominent point close in rear of Carr's right. The field-batteries of the Thirteenth corps, numbering thirty-three guns, were also posbut was met by the destructive fire of musketry, and unable to get further. Lawler's brigade, in Carr's division, which had carried the tete-de-pont on the Big Black river, dashed forward with its old by the example of Lawler and Landrum's commands, Benton and Burbridge's brigades, the former in Carr's, the latter in Smith's division, now rushed forward, and reached the ditch and slope of another
Tuttle's approach Blair's approach Ransom's approach Logan's approach A. J. Smith's approach Carr's approach Hovey's approach Lauman's approach Herron's approach menacing attitude of Johnstonature of the ground, his trench could not be connected either with those on his left, in front of Carr, or with Quimby's, on the right. The rear communications, however, with both these divisions wer. The rebels threw fire-balls constantly, and attempted to blow up the sap-roller with mines. Carr's approach followed the railroad cut for a hundred yards, and was directed upon one of the largench extended down the hill, into the ravine, and, to the left, along the line of ridges as far as Carr's left. It was, however, extremely difficult to induce McClernand to give the necessary orders tngineers, supervising operations in his front, repeatedly requested him to extend the trench from Carr's front, across the ridge, to Hovey's right, a distance of two hundred yards; but McClernand obje
, seemed anxious to fully reward all who had been conspicuous in the great campaigns which resulted in opening the Mississippi river. This approbation was not confined to corps commanders, nor to officers who were graduates of the Military Academy. There were only seven general officers in the army of the Tennessee who had studied their profession at West Point; Besides Grant, Sherman, and McPherson, these were Ord, who commanded the Thirteenth corps after the 26th of June, and Steele, Carr, and A. J. Smith, commanding divisions; all of whom distinguished themselves, and did good service to the country all the others had entered the volunteer service without the advantage of a military education, or the spur of a lifetime ambition; they went to war, as the soldiers of the whole army did, because the country was in danger. These men studied hard in the school of experience; Belmont, Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and Iuka were their instructors; their lessons were learned under the
vement began, Federal artillery opened on Loring. Johnston's first message had been sent in triplicate, and one of the couriers, a traitor, had delivered it to Grant on the evening of the 14th. Consequently the Federal commander, leaving Sherman to destroy Jackson as a railroad center and manufacturing city, hurried McClernand and McPherson toward Bolton. On the night of the 15th, when Pemberton's army was in bivouac beyond Baker's creek, Hovey's division was on his flank at Bolton, with Carr and Osterhaus and the advance of McPherson's corps near at hand, while Smith and Blair were not far from Loring on the Raymond road. All of these troops had orders to move with the utmost expedition to prevent any junction of Pemberton and Johnston. It was the advance of Smith's division, early on the 16th, that first warned Pemberton of his situation. Not regarding the early attack on Loring as more than a reconnoissance, Pemberton at first ordered a continuance of his movement toward B
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Southern Historical Society Papers. (search)
ick underbrush and morass—when, looking to the left, I saw the troops in vast numbers coming rushing back, and immediately my whole first brigade came back, and then my second brigade on my right, and everything was swept back in and around the Crater, and probably all but about one-third of the original number stampeded back right into our lines. After some exertion I rallied my men of the First and Second brigades after they got into our lines, while my Third brigade held the line. General Carr, who commanded a division of the Eighteenth corps, in his testimony thus describes the stampede: I saw a vacancy—a gap that I thought about four regiments would fill, and assist that line of battle that was going over our breastworks to take those rifle pits. I immediately took command of part of Turner's division, and ordered them over the line to join the line of troops then advancing, and told them to charge the rifle-pits in their front, which they did. That was about two hundr
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