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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hall, Samuel 1740-1807 (search)
Hall, Samuel 1740-1807 Printer; born in Medford, Mass., Nov. 2, 1740; was a partner of the widow of James Franklin in 1761-68, in which year he published the Essex gazette in Salem, Mass. He removed to Cambridge in 1775 and published the New England chronicle, and subsequently the Massachusetts gazette. He died in Boston, Mass., Oct. 30, 1807.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
sions of the subjects of paper money, the small-pox, and the quarrels between the governor (Shute) and the representatives, had exhibited so much freedom that James Franklin was encouraged to set up a newspaper at Boston, called the New England Courant. The first number was dated Aug. 6, 1721. It was designed as a medium of publ uneasy; and one of its articles, in relation to the fitting-out of a vessel to cruise against pirates, was construed as contempt of the General Court, for which Franklin was imprisoned. His brother Benjamin, then a youth of sixteen, published in it some mild essays on religious hypocrisy, which gave greater offence. It was chary Scriptures; injuriously reflected upon the ministers of the Gospel and on his Majesty's government, and disturbed the peace and good order of the province. James Franklin was forbidden to publish a newspaper, pamphlet, or anything else unless it should be approved and licensed by the colonial secretary. This order was evaded b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Printing-press, the (search)
sheet. Difficulties that at first appeared have been overcome, and now the press used for a great daily newspaper will print the paper on both sides and fold, ready for delivery, at the rate of 96,000 four-page or 48,000 eight-page sheets per hour. Printing was introduced into the thirteen original States of the United States by the following named persons at the time and place noted: MassachusettsCambridgeStephen Day1639 VirginiaWilliamsburgJohn Buckner1680-82 Pennsylvanianear PhiladelphiaWilliam Bradford1685 New YorkNew York CityWilliam Bradford1693 ConnecticutNew LondonThomas Short1709 MarylandAnnapolisWilliam Parks1726 South CarolinaCharlestonEleazer Phillips1730 Rhode IslandNewportJames Franklin1732 New JerseyWoodbridgeJames Parker1751 North CarolinaNew-BerneJames Davis1749 New HampshirePortsmouthDaniel Fowle1756 DelawareWilmingtonJames Adams1761 GeorgiaSavannahJames Johnston1762 The first book published in America was issued in 1536 in the city of Mexico.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Privateering, (search)
he right given to private individuals to roam the ocean and seize and plunder the vessels of an enemy in time of war. When the act of the British Parliament prohibiting all trade with the colonies and confiscating their ships and effects as if they were the ships and effects of open enemies was received by Congress, the first instinct was to retaliate. On March 16, 1776, a committee of the whole considered the propriety of authorizing the inhabitants of the colonies to fit out privateers. Franklin expressed a wish that such an act should be preceded by a declaration of war, as of one independent nation against another. Two days afterwards, after an able debate, privateers were authorized to cruise against ships and their cargoes belonging to any inhabitant, not of Ireland and the West Indies, but of Great Britain. All New England and New York, Virginia, and North Carolina voted for it. Maryland and Pennsylvania voted against it. On the following day Wythe, Jay, and Wilson were appo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Provincial Congresses (search)
ndence of New Jersey directed the chairman to summon a Provincial Congress of deputies to meet in Trenton, on the 23d of that month. Thirteen counties were represented—namely, Bergen, Essex, Middlesex, Morris, Somerset, Sussex, Monmouth, Hunterdon, Burlington, Gloucester, Cumberland, Salem, and Cape May. Hendrick Fisher was chosen president; Johathan D. Sargent secretary; and William Paterson and Frederick Frelinghuysen assistants. The Provincial Assembly had been called (May 15) by Governor Franklin to consider North's conciliatory proposition. They declined to approve it, or to take any decisive step in the matter, except with the consent of the Continental Congress, then in session. They adjourned a few days afterwards, and never met again. Royal authority was at an end in New Jersey. The Provincial Congress adopted measures for organizing the militia and issuing $50,000 in bills of credit for the payment of extraordinary expenses. On the recommendation of the committee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Red River expedition. (search)
ition. beginning of 1864 another attempt was made to repossess Texas by an invasion by way of the Red River and Shreveport. General Banks was directed to organize an expedition for that purpose at New Orleans, and General Sherman was ordered to send troops to aid him. Admiral Porter was also directed to place a fleet of gunboats on the Red River to assist in the enterprise, and General Steele, at Little Rock, Ark., was ordered to co-operate with the expedition. Banks's column, led by General Franklin, moved from Brashear City, La. (March 13), by way of Opelousas, and reached Alexandria, on the Red River, on the 26th. Detachments from Sherman's army, under Gen. A. J. Smith, had already gone up the Red River on transports, captured Fort de Russy on the way, and taken possession of Alexandria (March 10). They were followed by Porter's fleet of gunboats. From that point Banks moved forward with his whole force, and on April 3 was at Natchitoches, near the river, 80 miles above Alexand
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Reprisal, the (search)
Reprisal, the The ship that carried Franklin to France, having replenished in the port of Nantes, cruised off the French coast and captured several prizes from the English. The American privateers were permitted to enter French ports in cases of extreme emergency, and there to receive supplies only sufficient for a voyage to their own ports; but the Reprisal continued to cruise off the French coast after leaving port, and captured the English royal packet between Falmouth and Lisbon. With this and five other prizes, she entered the harbor of L'Orient, the captain saying he intended to send them to America. Stormont, the English ambassador to Paris, hurried to Vergennes to demand that the captain, with his crews, cargoes, and ships, should be given up. You have come too late, said the minister; orders have already been sent that the American ship and her prizes must immediately put to sea. the Reprisal continued to cruise in European waters until captured in the summer of 1777.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolution, diplomacy of the (search)
he Americans began to contemplate the necessity of foreign aid, material and moral. The Congress appointed a secret committee of correspondence for the purpose, and sent Silas Deane upon a half-commercial, half-diplomatic mission to France. Franklin was at first opposed to seeking foreign alliances. A virgin State, he said, should preserve the virgin character, and not go about suitoring for alliances, but wait with decent dignity for the application of others. But Franklin soon became thFranklin soon became the chief suitor in Europe, for in the autumn of 1776 he was sent as commissioner to France to seek an alliance and material aid. The aid was furnished through Beaumarchais, at first secretly, and afterwards by the government openly. The American commissioners proposed a treaty of alliance with France, but the French government hesitated, for it did not then desire an open rupture with England; but when the news of the defeat and capture of Burgoyne's army, late in 1777, reached France, the King
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
first introduced at Andover......1719 Boston Gazette, the second newspaper started in Boston......Dec. 21, 1719 Small-pox breaks out in Massachusetts......April, 1721 [Out of 5,889 persons who were attacked in Boston, 844 died.] Great opposition to inoculation. Cotton Mather interests himself in urging inoculation. Dr. Boylston consents to the experiment upon his children and servants; 100 inoculated during the year ......1721 New England Courant started in Boston, with James Franklin, brother of Benjamin Franklin, as editor......Aug. 7, 1721 Benjamin Franklin leaves Boston for Philadelphia......October, 1723 William Burnet arrives at Boston as governor......July, 1728 Dispute between Governor Burnet and the House regarding a fixed salary; the House refusing it......1728-29 Governor Burnet dies......Sept. 7, 1729 Jonathan Belcher, a native of Massachusetts, appointed governor, and arrives at Boston......August, 1730 Worcester county formed......173
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rhode Island, (search)
ef of poor sailors; 6d. a month to be deducted for the purpose from the wages of every Rhode Island seaman......May, 1730 Rhode Island Gazette published by James Franklin, brother of Benjamin, for seven months at Newport; first in the State......Sept. 27, 1732 A private company petitions the legislature to sanction a lotteryort, receives a charter from the colony......August, 1747 Providence Library Association chartered......Feb. 25, 1754 Newport Mercury first published by James Franklin......1758 Masonic Society in Newport incorporated......June 11, 1759 A lottery for raising $2,400 is granted to erect a masonic hall......1759 Properivil and political rights......1851 Rhode Island adopts the Maine liquor law......May 7, 1852 Newport incorporated as a city......May 20, 1853 Statue of Franklin unveiled at Providence......Nov. 19, 1858 Legislature repeals the personal liberty bill......January, 1861 On news of the fall of Fort Sumter, the governor
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