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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 127 5 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 122 2 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 107 1 Browse Search
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion 105 1 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 95 1 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1. 88 4 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 55 3 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 48 6 Browse Search
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee 38 2 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 28 2 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., From Moultrie to Sumter. (search)
s of crowds wild with enthusiasm. When we purchased anything, merchants generally refused all compensation. Fort Hamilton, where we were stationed, was besieged with visitors, many of whom were among the most highly distinguished in all walks of life. The Chamber of Commerce of New York voted a bronze medal to each officer and soldier of the garrison. We were soon called upon to take an active part in the war, and the two Sumter companies were sent under my command to reenforce General Patterson's column, which was to serve in the Shenandoah Valley. Our march through Pennsylvania was a continuous ovation. Flowers, fruits, and delicacies of all kinds were showered upon us, and the hearts of the people seemed overflowing with gratitude for the very little we had been able to accomplish. Major Anderson was made a brigadier-general in the regular army, and assigned to command in his native State, Kentucky; but his system had been undermined by his great responsibilities; he
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Jackson at Harper's Ferry in 1861. (search)
s to make to him a full statement of our necessitous and defenseless condition, in case General Robert Patterson,who was reported with a Federal force at Chambersburg, should move against us. When I aerates on the 13th of June, 1861. Two days later, on the approach of Union forces under General Robert Patterson, near Williamsport, and under Colonel Lew Wallace at Romney (see footnote page 127), Gearkable. A trip Ashby had made a few days before to Chambersburg and the encampment of General Robert Patterson was the real reason for Jackson's favor. Ashby had rigged himself in a farmer's suit oy to Winchester, he kept Jackson at the front along the Baltimore and Ohio road to observe General Patterson's preparations. Nothing of much importance occurred for several weeks, beyond a little afar Martinsburg in which Jackson captured about forty men of a reconnoitering party sent out by Patterson. His vigilance was ceaseless, and General Johnston felt sure, at Winchester, of ample warning
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McClellan in West Virginia. (search)
the National forces occupied Philippi. The telegraphic reports had put the Confederate force at 2000 and their loss at 15 Major-General Lew Wallace. the 11th Indiana Zouaves, Colonel Lew Wallace, passed through Cincinnati June 7th on their way to the front. They belonged to General Morris's first Indiana Brigade (which also included the 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th Indiana regiments), but were placed on detached service at Cumberland, on the Potomac. Under instructions from General Robert Patterson, Colonel Wallace led an expedition against a force of about five hundred Confederates at Romney, which influenced General J. E. Johnston in his decision to evacuate Harper's Ferry (see note, page 120). in his report of the Romney engagement Colonel Wallace says: I left Cumberland at 10 o'clock on the night of the 12th June with 8 companies, in all about 500 men, and by railway went to New Creek station, 21 miles distant. A little after 4 o'clock I started my men across the mount
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McDowell's advance to Bull Run. (search)
ia was to protect that new-born free State. Patterson's movement to Hagerstown and thence to Harpeerhaps the Gap, say in 4 or 5 days, to favor Patterson's attack upon Harper's Ferry. McDowell had . Johnston's force is kept engaged by Major-General Patterson, and Major-General Butler occupies thster. On that day General Scott telegraphed Patterson, McDowell's first day's work has driven the es the Junction with his main body. To this Patterson replied at half-past 1 o'clock in the morninnt reinforcements toward Manassas Junction? Patterson replied on the same day (18th), The enemy hae 18th Johnston telegraphed to Richmond that Patterson's at Charlestown, and said: Unless he prevenr and the defensive in another, imposed upon Patterson the double task, difficult if not impossibleough in his dispatch of the 18th in reply to Patterson's question, Shall I attack? he said, I haveined caution. As soon as McDowell advanced, Patterson was upon an exterior line and in a false mil[14 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Incidents of the first Bull Run. (search)
a day at Bunker Hill, a few miles north of Winchester, to receive an expected assault from General Patterson, who had crossed the Potomac, but who went back without attacking us. Again on July 2d we were marched to Darksville, about midway to Martinsburg, to meet Patterson, where we lay in line of battle till the 5th, when General Patterson, after a slight brush with Jackson, again recrossed theGeneral Patterson, after a slight brush with Jackson, again recrossed the Potomac. We returned to Winchester, and to our arduous drilling. After midnight of July 17th, General Bee, my brigade commander, sent for me to go with him to headquarters, whither he had been as had been the case when we left Harper's Ferry a month before. It was thought probable that Patterson, who was south of the Potomac, and only a few miles distant, would follow us. But J. E. B. Stuart and Ashby with the cavalry so completely masked our movement that it was not suspected by Patterson until July 20th, the day before the Bull Run fight, and then it was too late for him to interfe
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Responsibilities of the first Bull Run. (search)
y and political considerations The demonstrations of General Patterson, commanding the Federal army in that region, caused Go move the troops as might be necessary. All this before Patterson had advanced from Chambersburg. On page 341, Rise andhis power to retire from before the superior force of General Patterson. Therefore, the word practicable was in that connecty judge of the possibility or practicability; and, if General Patterson had not changed his position after the telegram was rcticable. But as to my power to retire. On the 15th General Patterson's forces were half a day's march from us, and on the 's office for distribution. He was then told that as General Patterson would no doubt hasten to join General McDowell as sooommand of the Department of the Shenandoah, relieving General Patterson in command of the army at Harper's Ferry, General PatGeneral Patterson being by the same orders honorably discharged from the service of the United States, on the expiration of his term of
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Holding Kentucky for the Union. (search)
observing that he had an auditor, he strode from the room slamming the door behind him, and kept his own quarters for the rest of the evening. accustomed to the discipline of the regular army, and fresh from the well-organized army of General Patterson on the upper Potomac, Thomas had little confidence in the raw recruits whom, for lack of a mustering officer, he mustered in himself. He was willing to advance into East Tennessee with half a dozen well-drilled regiments, and asked for ander, when Winchester ran away to reinforce Manassas, we had forborne to attack Manassas, but had seized and held Winchester. I mention this to illustrate, and not to criticise. I did not lose confidence in McDowell, and I think less harshly of Patterson than some others seem to. In application of the general rule I am suggesting, every particular case will have its modifying circumstances, among which the most constantly present and most difficult to meet will be the want of perfect knowledge
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
what a place is a ship to enjoy the company of one's brother! When Scott set out, on the 12th of April, from Vera Cruz, to join his advanced divisions under Patterson and Twiggs, in front of the heights of Cerro Gordo, Lee accompanied him. It was the reconnoissance of this officer at the head of the pioneers which found a posser the heavy fire of the enemy. General Lee thus describes the battle of Cerro Gordo: Perote, April 25, 1847. The advance of the American troops, under Generals Patterson and Twiggs, were encamped at the Plano del Rio, and three miles to their front Santa Anna and his army were intrenched in the pass of Cerro Gordo, which wasxican capital was entered. George Gordon Meade was an officer of topographical engineers, first on the staff of General Taylor and afterward on the staff of General Patterson at Vera Cruz. There too was George B. Mc-Clellan, twenty-one years old, as an engineer officer, who received brevets as first lieutenant and captain for hi
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 5: invasion of Virginia. (search)
It was General Scott's original plan to make Patterson fight the first great battle in the war, givon and great merit were ordered to report to Patterson. Fitz John Porter was his adjutant general,Sherman, of Ohio, was his aid-de-camp. From Patterson's position two routes led to the Valley of at Williamsport and thence to Martinsburg. Patterson wisely selected the latter route, because itlan and Patterson, by fighting a battle with Patterson before McClellan could reach Winchester, if roaching from the direction of Maryland. Patterson commenced to cross the Potomac with the avow If this telegram had not been received, and Patterson had continued the march of his troops into Vhe army around Washington, while the army of Patterson should make the feint, to prevent a junctionf the Confederate forces then opposed to General Patterson in the Valley of Virginia. The first comac, some twenty-five or thirty miles away. Patterson's army was disintegrating by the expiration [5 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 12: Gettysburg. (search)
hapter 12: Gettysburg. The fifth commander of the Army of the Potomac was Major-General George Gordon Meade, then in command of the Fifth Corps. This officer was born in Cadiz, Spain, in December, 1815, and was consequently forty-six years old. He graduated at West Point in 1835, and was assigned to the artillery arm of the service. A year afterward he resigned from the army, but after six years was reappointed second lieutenant of the Topographical Engineers, and was in Mexico on General Patterson's staff. Meade's father served as a private soldier in the Pennsylvania troops to suppress the Whisky Insurrection in western Pennsylvania, and therefore was under General Lee's father, who commanded the forces raised for that purpose. He was afterward a merchant, a shipowner, and a navy agent in Cadiz, but shortly after his son's birth returned to the United States. In justice to this officer, it may be said that he protested against being placed in command of an army that had b
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