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and the colonies had been intrusted to the Duke of Newcastle. His advancement by Sir Robert Walpole, who shunn an independent fund, or change his instructions. Newcastle did neither. He continued the instructions, whichgland, each hastened the independence of America. Newcastle, who was childless, depended on office for all his fond of place, was too proud to covet it always. Newcastle had no passion but business, which he conducted inugh fond of theatricals and jollity, Pelham to Newcastle in Coxe's Pelham Administration, II. 365. was yet apable of persevering in a system chap. I.} 1748. Newcastle was of so fickle a head, and so treacherous a hearried decision into his attachments and his feuds. Newcastle, with no elevation of mind, no dignity of manner, impetuous, even in the presence of his sovereign. Newcastle was jealous of rivals;— Bedford was impatient of contradiction. Newcastle was timorous without caution, and rushed into difficulculties which he evaded by inde
an unlettered British admiral, who, being closely connected with the Duke of Newcastle and the Duke of Bedford, had been sent to America to mend his fortunes as govn, 11 March, 1748. Golden to Clinton, 21 March, 1748. Colden to the Duke of Newcastle, 21 March, 1748. Clinton to Colden, 25 April, 1748. of the people of New Yor. 149-155. Very recently the importunities of Clinton had offered the Duke of Newcastle the dilemma of supporting the governor's authority, or relinquishing power toy, with the southern colonies, can well discharge this expense. Clinton to Newcastle, from the draught. The party of royalists who had devised the congress, a the present situation of things, he had declared to Newcastle, Bedford to Newcastle, 11 August, 1748. Bedford Correspondence, i. 441. it would be highly imprope. Shirley's Memoirs of the Last War, 77, 75. From this atrocious proposal, Newcastle, who was cruel only from frivolity, did not withhold his approbation; but Bed
lf so much upon every occasion. Pelham to Newcastle, in Coxe, i. 460. But the Duke grew more andt up to rival me and nose me every where; Newcastle to Pelham, May 9-20. Coxe, II. 336. and he f intrigue. Illustrative Correspondence. Newcastle to Pelham. The French saw with extreme anxietion, he already heartily hated Pelham to Newcastle in Coxe's Pelham Ad. II. 378. his patron, an war with France; that risk is to be run. Newcastle to Pelham, 9-20 June, 1750. Coxe II. 345. Bss and inattention to business; Pelham to Newcastle, 25 July—5 August, 1750. Coxe II. 365. the of forms; he receives his pay easily; and to Newcastle he added, you, your brother and Hardwicke ar, will think he knows better than any body. Newcastle would have none of that young fry. But abov the great point, the great point of all, Newcastle to Hardwicke, 8-19 Sept. 17, 1750. more thant previous concert with France. Pelham to Newcastle in Coxe II. 344. In August a second expediti[4 more...]
rade continued to be pursued with no more than an appearance of disguise; and Newcastle, who had escaped from the solicitations and importunities of the British West more moderate imposts. But the perfidious jealousy with which the Duke of Newcastle plotted against his colleague, the Duke of Bedford, delayed for the present t. He was supported by the Admiralty, at which Sandwich was his friend; while Newcastle, with his timorous brother, enforced the opinions of Halifax. The intrigue iourtly peer, proud of his rank, formal, and of talents which could not excite Newcastle's jealousy, or alarm America for its liberties. The disappointed Halifax, noith Lady Yarmouth, Pelham wrote, is the best ground to stand on. Pelham to Newcastle, 12-24 October, 1752, in Coxe's Pelham, Ad. II. 463. If the good-will of the gust, 1753. territory of England. Such was the mode in which Holdernesse and Newcastle gave effect to the intimations of the Board of Trade. That Board, of itsel
Great Commoner himself Mr. Pitt to the duke of Newcastle, in Chatham Correspondence, i. 85, 86. was forced olicit the nomination and patronage of the duke of Newcastle. On the death of Henry Pelham, in March, 1754, NeNewcastle, to the astonishment of all men, declaring he had been second minister long enough, placed himself at tion of the secret service money. My brother, said Newcastle, never disclosed the disposal of that money, neithrew near, was to be secured. My brother, answered Newcastle, had settled it all. Fox declining the promotioer to be the dependents and followers of a Duke of Newcastle than to be the friends and counsellors of their socke, their oracle on questions of law. Cumberland, Newcastle, Devonshire, Bedford, Halifax, and the Marquis of precedents for future measures of oppression. The Newcastle ministry proceeded without regard to method, consiess to the king, had justified their conduct. The Newcastle administration trimmed between the contending part
Chapter 9: Great Britain unites America under military rule Newcastle's administration continued. 1755-1756. while the British interpretation of the bounda- chap. IX.} 1755. ries of Acadia was made good by occupation, the troops for the central expeditions had assembled at Albany. The army with which Johnson was to reduce Crown Point consisted of New England militia, chiefly from Connecticut and Massachusetts. A regiment of five hundred foresters of New Hampshire were raising a fort in Coos, on the Connecticut; but, under a new summons, they made the long march through the pathless region to Albany. Among them was John Stark, then a lieutenant, of a rugged nature, but of the coolest judgment; skilled at discovering the paths of the wilderness, and knowing the way to the hearts of the backwoodsmen. The French, on the other hand, called every able-bodied man in the district of Montreal into active service for the defence of Crown Point, so that reapers had to be sent u
Chapter 10: The Whig aristocracy cannot govern England— Newcastle's administration continued. 1756-1757. The open declaration of war was not made by chap. X.} 1756. England till May; though her navy had all the while been employed in despoiling the commerce of France. At the commencement of avowed hostilities, she forbade neutral vessels to carry merchandise belonging to her antagonist. Frederick of Prussia had insisted, that, by the law of nations, the goods of an enemy cannot d into service; and, pleading ancient usage against the lessons of wiser times, he gave the elaborate opinion which formed the basis of English policy and Admiralty law, Representation to the King (drawn by Murray), 18 January, 1753. Duke of Newcastle to Michell, Secretary to the Prussian Embassy at London, 8 February, 1753. that the effects of an enemy can be seized on board the vessel of a friend. This may be proved, said Murray, by authority; and the illustrious jurist did not know that
ur grace of my warmest gratitude, wrote Pitt himself, in 1750, to Newcastle, who falsely pretended to have spoken favorably of him to the king; and now, in defiance of Bedford and Newcastle, and the antipathy of the king, he is become the foremost man in England, received into the , voted its freedom; unexampled discontent pervaded the country. Newcastle, whose pusillanimity exceeded his vanity, dared not attempt formithe place of paymaster, which the war made enormously lucrative. Newcastle had promised Halifax a new office as third secretary of state forointed man railed without measure at the knavery and cowardice of Newcastle. Rigby to Bedford, 18 June, 1757, in Bedford's Corr. II. 249. party, and an aversion to. the exercise of patronage, he left to Newcastle the first seat at the Treasury Board, with the disposition of bis sufferance of the aristocracy. I borrow, said Pitt, the Duke of Newcastle's majority to carry on the public business. Harris's Life of H
. 6. The first person whom he sent for was Newcastle; who came in a great hurry as soon as he couo determined to rule, praised the loyalty of Newcastle, who in return was profuse of promises. NNewcastle himself gives the account of all this. I made suitable returns. My Lord Bute, said the kiand silently abandoned the king of Prussia. Newcastle, who was directed to read it aloud, seemed tlotting; and after vainly seeking to inspire Newcastle with truth and firmness, Walpole's Memoirst of the king. He took care to distinguish Newcastle above all others; and on the third day afterd power of the oligarchy under the banner of Newcastle. Burke: Thoughts on the Cause of the presebleness, and never forgave the treachery of Newcastle. They neither are nor can be united, said Be person for whom they were all to vote; and Newcastle was limited to those where the crown had onle Favorite, in February, to make the Duke of Newcastle resign, but who is to take it? He had not c[3 more...]
ica, were British. For the siege of Havana the continental colonies were ordered to contribute quotas of men, and reinforcements were on their way from England. These successes gave new courage to the king's friends to pursue their system. Newcastle, who had received all kinds of disgusts from his associates in the cabinet, seized the occasion of withholding the subsidy from Prussia to indulge with Bute his habit of chap XIX.} 1762. complaint. But the Earl never requested me to continue in office, said Newcastle, nor said a civil thing to me; and at last most lingeringly the veteran statesman resigned. English writers praise his disinterestedness, because the childless man, who himself possessed enormous wealth, who while in office had provided bountifully for his kindred, and who left his post only to struggle in old age to recover it and act his part anew, did not accept a pension. America gives him the better praise, that, beneath all his frivolity and follies, he had a