Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Scotland (United Kingdom) or search for Scotland (United Kingdom) in all documents.

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army; they had numerous and active adherents among the clergy; the English people favored them; Scotland, which had been so efficient in all that had thus far been done, was entirely devoted to their it could be gained only by rising above the commons, the peers, the commanders of the army, all Scotland, and the mass of the English people? They had no omen of success but the tendency of revolutio In Ireland, the Catholics dreaded the worst cruelties that Protestant bigotry could inflict. Scotland, almost unanimous in its adhesion to Presbyterianism, regarded with horror the rise of democracflourished under his calm mediation; justice found its way even among the remotest Highlands of Scotland; commerce filled the English marts with prosperous activity under his powerful protection, Chnnot aid it. He was precisely the man demanded by the crisis. When Monk marched his army from Scotland into England, he was only the instrument of the restoration, not its author. Originally a sold
C. been written, that the name, the merits, and the end of its first governor were not known. Drummond, an emigrant to Virginia Hening, i. 549, II. 158. from Scotland, Sir Wm. Berkeley's List, &c., copied by Greenhow, published by P. Force, 1835. Drummond, a Scotchman. probably a Presbyterian, a Chap. XIII.} Man of prudenc fertility of the south, and were received with so hearty a welcome, that they were soon merged among the other colonists. Chalmers, 543. The condition of Scotland, also, compelled its inhabitants to seek peace by abandoning their native country. Just after the death of Shaftesbury, a 1683 scheme, which had been concertedich they claimed as a dependency of St. Augustine, invaded the frontier settlement, and laid it entirely 1686. waste. Of the unhappy emigrants, some returned to Scotland; some mingled with the earlier planters of Carolina. Archdale, 14. Hewat, i. 89. Chalmers, 547, 548. Ramsay l. 127. Laing, IV. 187 More than a hundred
nquest, assigned to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, both proprietaries of Carolina, the land between the Hudson and the Delaware. In honor of Carteret, the territory, with nearly the same bounds as at present, except on the north, received the name of New Jersey. If to fix boundaries and grant the soil, could constitute a state, the duke of York gave political existence to a commonwealth. Its moral character was moulded by New England Puritans, English Quakers, and dissenters from Scotland. Meantime avarice paid its homage to freedom; and 1665 Feb. 10 the royalists, who were become lords of the soil, indifferent to liberty, sought to foster their province, by most liberal concessions. Security of persons and property under laws to be made by an assembly composed of the governor and council, and at least an equal number of representatives of the people; freedom from Chap XV.} 1665 taxation except by the colonial assembly; a combined opposition of the people and the prop
orst arts of conjuration went no farther than to foretell fortunes, mutter powerful spells over quack medicines, or discover by the divining rod the hidden treasures of the bucaniers. Hazard's Register, i 16, 108, 289. Meantime the news spread abroad, that William 1683 to 1688 Penn, the Quaker, had opened an asylum to the good and the oppressed of every nation; and humanity went through Europe, gathering the children of misfortune. From England and Wales, Ibid. VI. 238, 239 from Scotland and Ireland, and the Low Countries, emigrants crowded to the land of promise. On the banks of the Rhine, it was whispered that the plans of Gustavus Adolphus and Oxenstiern were consummated; new companies were formed under better auspices than those of the Swedes; and from the highlands above Worms, the humble people who had melted at the eloquence of Penn, the Quaker emissary, renounced their German Chap XVI.} homes for the protection of the Quaker king. There is nothing in the history
rary taxation; its prosperity sprung from the miseries of Scotland. The trustees of Sir George Carteret, tired of the burdemorous, cruel, iniquitous Perth, afterwards chancellor of Scotland, and the amiable, learned, and ingenious Barclay, who becey 1683 March 14. was granted by the duke of York. From Scotland the largest emigration was expected; and, in 1685, just bmes by which the Stuarts attempted to plant Episcopacy in Scotland, on the ruins of Calvinism, and extirpate the faith of a e execution of the laws. Scarce a Presbyterian family in Scotland but was involved in proscriptions or penalties; the jailsies shipped for the colonies. It never will be well with Scotland, till the country south of the Forth is reduced to a huntfollowers. James II. sent the hint to the north, and in Scotland the business was equally well Understood. The indemnity curious clear water, were as plenty as in the dear native Scotland; the houses of the towns, unlike the pent villages of the
ever, Calvinism resisted with fire and blood, and, shouldering the musket, proved, as a foot-soldier, that, on the field of battle, the invention of gunpowder had levelled the plebeian and the knight. To restrain absolute monarchy in France, in Scotland, in England, it allied itself with the party of the past, the decaying feudal aristocracy, which it was sure to outlive; to protect itself against feudal aristocracy, it infused itself into the mercantile class, and the inferior gentry; to secure a life in the public mind, in Geneva, in Scotland, wherever it gained dominion, it invoked intelligence for the people, and in every parish planted the common school. In an age of commerce, to stamp its influence on the New World, it went on board the fleet of Winthrop, and was wafted to the Bay of Massachusetts. Is it denied that events follow principles, that mind rules the world? The institutions of Massachusetts were the exact counterpart of its religious system. Calvinism claimed he