Wells formed by boring through upper soil to strata containing water which has percolated from a higher level.
and which rises to that level through the boring-tube.
The following are some of the deepest wells in the United States:
St. Louis, Mo2,197 ft.1849-52108,000 gallons daily.
St. Louis, Mo3,843 ft.1866-70Does not rise to the surface.
Louisville, Ky,2,086 ft.1856-57330,000 gallons daily.
Columbus, O.2,775 1/2 ft. Water saline, 91° Fahr.: no force
Charleston, S. C.1,250 ft.184828,800 gallons daily.
South Dakota, sometimes called the Artesian State, has many powerful artesian wells in the valley of the James River, from 800 to 1,600 feet deep, affording a bountiful supply of pure water.
The water from great depths is always warmer than at the surface.
One of the most remarkable attempts to sink an artesian well in the United Slates was made in Galveston, Tex. A depth of 3,070 fee
Washington, D. C.278,718230,39248,326
Newark, N. J.246,070181,83064,240
Jersey City, N. J.206,433163,00343,430
Providence, R. I.175,597132,14643,451
Kansas City, Mo.163,752132,71631,036
St. Paul, Minn.163,065133,15629,909
Rochester, N. Y.162,608133,89628,712
Syracuse, N. Y.108,37488,14320,231
New Haven, Conn.108,02781,29826,729
Paterson, N. J.105,17178,34726,824
Fall River, Mass.104,86374,39830,465
St. Joseph, Mo.102,97952,32450,655
Los Angeles, Cal.102,47950,39552,084
Albany, N. Y.94,15194,923*772
illiam Earnshaw, Ohio.
14. Dayton, O., 1880; Louis Wagner, Pennsylvania.
15. Indianapolis, Ind., 1881; George S. Merrill, Massachusetts.
16. Baltimore, Md., 1882; Paul Van Der Voort, Nebraska.
17. Denver, Col., 1883; Robert B. Beatte, Pennsylvania.
18. Minneapolis, Minn., 1884; John S. Kountz, Ohio.
19. Portland, Me., 1885; S. S. Burdett, Washington.
20. San Francisco, Cal., 1886; Lucius Fairchild, Wisconsin.
21. St. Louis, Mo., 1887; John P. Rea, Minnesota.
22. Columbus, O., 1888; William Warner, Missouri.
23. Milwaukee, Wis., 1889; Russell A. Alger, Michigan.
24. Boston, Mass., 1890; Wheelock G. Veasey, Vermont.
25. Detroit, Mich., 1891; John Palmer, New York.
26. Washington, 1892; A. G. Weissert, Wisconsin.
27. Indianapolis, Ind., 1893; John G. B. Adams, Massachusetts.
28. Pittsburg, Pa., 1894; Thomas G. Lawler, Illinois.
29. Louisville, Ky., 1895; Ivan N. Walker, Indiana.
30. St. Paul, Minn., 1896; Thaddeus S. Clarkson, Nebraska.