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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 4: military operations in Western Virginia, and on the sea-coast (search)
uniform, and equip a volunteer force for the war. He did so. What was done with them will be revealed when we come to consider events at Ship Island, in the Gulf of Mexico, and at New Orleans. Colonel Hawkins was left, with the portion of his Ninth New York (Zouaves) that had joined the expedition, to garrison the post at Hatates in power. Whilst the stirring events just mentioned were occurring on the coast .of North Carolina, the vicinity of Fort Pickens, on the waters of the Gulf of Mexico, had again become the theater of conflict. We have observed how that fortress was saved from seizure by the insurgents at Pensacola in the spring of 1861, an 1862. when another artillery duel occurred, lasting nearly twelve hours, but doing very little damage to either party. Looking farther westward, along the Gulf of Mexico, we observe little sparks of war threatening a conflagration at several points, at about the time when the events we have just considered were occurring on th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 6: the Army of the Potomac.--the Trent affair.--capture of Roanoke Island. (search)
. That achievement was left for Captain Charles Wilkes, of the navy, to perform, an officer of worldwide fame, as the commander of the American Exploring Expedition to the South Seas, a quarter of a century before. At that time he was on his way home from the coast of Africa, in command of the National steam sloop-of-war San Jacinto, mounting thirteen guns. He put into the port of St. Thomas, and there hearing of the movements of the pirate ship Sumter, he departed on, a cruise in the Gulf of Mexico and among the West India Islands in search of it. At Havana he was informed of the presence and intentions of the Confederate Ambassadors, and after satisfying himself that the law of nations, and especially the settled British interpretation of the law concerning neutrals and belligerents, would justify his interception of the Trent, and the seizure on board of it of the two Ambassadors, he went out Nov. 2. in the track of that vessel in the Bahama Channel, two hundred and forty miles
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 10: General Mitchel's invasion of Alabama.--the battles of Shiloh. (search)
-operate with the land troops against Columbus, Hickman, Island Number10, and New Madrid. An important objective was Corinth, in Northern Mississippi, at the intersection of the Charleston and Memphis and Mobile and Ohio railroads, and the seizure of that point, as a strategic position of vital importance, was Grant's design. It would give the National forces control of the great rail. way communications between the Mississippi and the East, and the border slave-labor States and the Gulf of Mexico. It would also facilitate the capture of Memphis by forces about to move down the Mississippi, and would give aid to the important movement of General Curtis in Arkansas. Grant was taking vigorous measures to accomplish this desirable end, when an order came from General Halleck, March 4. directing him to turn over his forces to his junior in rank, General C. F. Smith, and to remain himself at Fort Henry. Grant was astonished and mortified. He was unconscious of acts deserving of th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 11: operations in Southern Tennessee and Northern Mississippi and Alabama. (search)
ast. They could not be spared, for at that time General McClellan was threatening Richmond with an immense force, and the National troops. were assailing the strongholds of the Confederates all along the Atlantic coast and the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Beauregard's army was terribly smitten and demoralized, and he had sent an imploring cry to Richmond for immediate help. On the day after his arrival at Corinth, Beauregard forwarded a dispatch, written in cipher, to General Cooper, atG, stockades and rifle-pits; I, Lewis's Gap; L, Fort Colonel Hunter; M, Kentucky road through the Gap; O, Baptists' Gap; P, earthworks then recently constructed. time afterward there was a lull in the storm of war westward of the Alleghany Mountains, but it was the precursor of a more furious tempest. During that lull, let us observe and consider events on the Atlantic coast, along the northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico, and on the Lower Mississippi. Tail-piece — a Canon in the Mountain
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. (search)
Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. Expedition against New Berne Landing of the Army below the town, 305. battle near New Berne, 306. rout of the Confederates flight of citizens, 307. effect of the capture of New Berne, 308. Christian work at New Berne Mr. Colyer's schools, 309. expedition against Fort Macon the Nashville, 310. preparations to assail Fort Macon, 311. siege and bombardment of the Fort, 312. Fort Macon and its viciniting his division. He worked to that end with untiring energy, in the face of opposition; and it was not long before his six thousand troops and more were ready for the field. The Government had then turned its attention to the posts on the Gulf of Mexico and its tributary waters, and the seizure of Mobile and New Orleans, and the occupation of Texas, formed parts of its capital plan of operations in that region. Butler was called upon to suggest the best rendezvous for an expedition against
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 13: the capture of New Orleans. (search)
ary, 1862, and arrived in the harbor of Ship Island on the 20th of the same month, having been detained by sickness at Key West. He had been instructed by the Secretary of the Navy Jan. 20, 1862. to proceed with all possible dispatch to the Gulf of Mexico, with orders for Flag-officer McKean, on duty there, to transfer to the former the command of the Western Gulf squadron. He was informed that a fleet of bomb-vessels, under Commander David D. Porter (with whose father Farragut had cruised int trade of any city in the world. Lovell's special efforts for defense were put forth on the banks of the Mississippi, between the city and its passes or mouths. The principal passes by which the waters of the Mississippi flow into the Gulf of Mexico, through vast morasses, are five in number, and named respectively, the Southwest, South, Southeast, and East Pass, and Pass à l'outre. The seaward edge of these passes lies almost directly upon the arc of a circle with a radius of fifteen m
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
d an order on the 27th of January, 1862. known as General War Order No. 1, in which he directed the 22d of February following to be the day for a general movement of the land and naval forces of the United States against the insurgent forces. He specially ordered the army at and around Fortress Monroe, the Army of the Potomac, the Army of Western Virginia, the army near Mumfordsville [Buell's] in Kentucky, the army and flotilla [Grant's and Foote's] at Cairo, and a naval force in the Gulf of Mexico [Farragut's and Porter's] to be ready to move on that day. He also declared that the heads of executive departments, and especially the Secretary of War and of the Navy, with all their subordinates, as well as' the General-in-Chief, with all commanders and subordinates of the land and naval forces, should severally be held to their strict and full responsibilities for prompt execution of the order. This proclamation sent a thrill of joy through every loyal heart. Four days later th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
Bay, into which empty the rivers San Jacinto and Trinity. The island, at the time we are considering, was connected with the main land by a wooden bridge about two miles in length. Its harbor is one of the few on that cheerless coast of the Gulf of Mexico that may fairly claim the dignity of that title. more secure, General Banks, at the request of Renshaw, sent thither from New Orleans the Forty-second Massachusetts, Colonel Burrill. Three companies (two hundred and sixty men) of that regimenes, at which point the waters of the great Bayou Teche meet those of the Atchafalaya, and others that flow through the region between there and the Red River. The latter gather in Chestimachee or Grand Lake, and find a common outlet into the Gulf of Mexico at Atchafalaya Bay. These waters formed a curious mixture of lake, bayou, canal, and river at Brashear City, and presented many difficulties for an invading army. These difficulties were enhanced by obstructions placed in the streams, and