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Forage, fuel, etc. (tons)39,35488,438
Soldiers1,264,602567,397 The cost of this transportation was—by land, $8,030,003.03; by lakes and rivers, $9,476,681.73; and by ocean, $4,798,385.02.
A few words upon the most important supplies furnished to the armies will close our sketch; and in order that we may complete two official reports, both incomplete, we shall embrace in this summary the two years comprised between the 1st of July, 1861, and the 30th of June, 1863: the figures we append herewith were considered by the Secretary of War as below the real amount.
During the year 1861-62 the government bought 109,799 horses and 83,720 mules: what disposition was made of them is not stated, but at the beginning of the fiscal year, July 1, 1862, we find in the depots 14,842 and 16,899 respectively of these animals.
During that year the purchases amount to 174,832 horses and 86,254 mules, of which, 45,755 horses and 46,226
tributed by the Pacific States, although very remote from the seat of war.
The other societies having the same object in view are only entitled to a brief notice, for the role they played was of secondary importance.
We can only mention the Western Sanitary Commission, which, being entirely independent of the former, though equally national—that is to say, intended for the relief of soldiers of all the States without distinction—had but a limited field of action.
Created on the 5th of September, 1861, by General Fremont, and reconstituted by the Secretary of War on the 16th of December, 1862, its special mission was to carry relief into hospitals.
It would be impossible for us to give the names of the local independent societies, all of which were of more or less service, especially in assisting the sick and wounded soldiers in the interior, but whose unfortunate partiality we have already mentioned wherever they penetrated into army-centres.
Before resuming the recital of mi