Preface 3.1: the Federal Navy and the South French E. Chadwick, Rear-Admiral, United States Navy
The southern flag floating over Sumter on April 16, 1861--South Carolina troops drilling on the parade, two days after forcing out Anderson and his federal garrison — the flag is mounted on the parapet to the right of the former flagstaff, which has been shattered in the course of the bombardment from Charleston
Beginning of the blockade, 1861-the stars and bars over Barrancas
Inside Fort Barrancas
In these hitherto unpublished Confederate photographs appear the first guns trained upon the Federal fleet at the beginning of the blockade.
The Fort lay about a mile west of the United States Navy Yard at Pensacola and commanded the inner channel to Pensacola Bay.
When Florida seceded, January 10, 1861, about 550 Florida and Alabama State troops appeared before the barracks of Company G, 1st U. S. Artillery, 60 men. These retired into Fort Barrancas, after an attack u
ed and even armed to the end of the Confederate's defense.
The guns here bore on the channel nearly opposite Fort Moultrie.
The bake oven of the barracks — on the chimney of which are a couple of Confederate soldiers — was frequently used for heating solid shot.
In one of the lower rooms of the barracks, seen to the right, the ruins later fell upon a detachment of sleeping soldiers.
The exploding shell
A wonderful war photograph preserved by the Daughters of the Confederacy of Charleston, S. C. The picture is fully described in Major John Johnson's authoritative work, The defense of Charleston Harbor, where a drawing based on the photograph was published.
It is believed that the photograph itself has never been reproduced before its appearance here.
All during August, Sumter was subjected to a constant bombardment from the Federal batteries.
On September 7th, Admiral Dahlgren sent to demand the surrender of Sumter.
Major Stephen Elliott replied: Inform Admiral Dahlgren th