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ἡμέρα , Ep. and Ion. ἡμέρη IG12(5).1(Ios), Dor. ἀμέρα ib.5(1).213.43,al., 1390.109, 1432.25, Test.Epict.4.12, Michel995A 32, etc., Locr. ἀμάρα IG9(1).334.42 (aspirated perh. only in Att. and West Ion., cf.
2. sts. like Ep. ἦμαρ, with Adjs. to describe a state or time of life, ἐπίπονος . a life of misery, S.Tr.654 (lyr.); λυπρὰν ἄγειν . E. Hec.364; ἐχθρὰ . Id.Ph.540; παλαιὰ . old age, S.Aj.623 (but θεία . Id.Fr.950 is dub. l.); τερμία . Id.Ant.1330 (lyr.); αἱ μακραὶ ἁμέραι length of days, Id.OC1216(lyr.); νέα . youth, E.Ion720(lyr.); so τῇ πρώτῃ . Arist.Rh.1389a24; ἐπὶ τῇ τελευταίᾳ . at the close of life, ib.1389b33, cf. S.OT1529; ζοὴν βλέπουσιν . look life-like, Herod.4.68.
4. birthday, D.L.4.41.
II. abs. usages,
1. gen., τριῶν ἡμερέων within three days, Hdt.2.115, cf. Th.7.3; ἡμερῶν ὀλίγων within a few days, Id.4.26, etc.; ἄλλης . another day, S.El.698; τῆς αὐτῆς . Isoc.4.87; “μιᾶς ἀμέραςIG5(1).213.43 (Sparta, V B.C.); ἡμέρας by day, opp. νυκτός, S.Fr.65; “οὔθ᾽ ἡμέρας οὔτε νυκτόςPl.Phdr.240c; τοὺς . . τῆς . ἄρτους δ_ daily, UPZ 47.21 (ii B.C.); δὶς τῆς ἡμέρης ἑκάστης twice every day, Hdt.2.37; δίς τῆς . Pl.Com.207; πεντάκις τῆς . Men.326; κατεσθίω . . τῆς . πένθ᾽ ἡμιμέδιμνα five every day, Pherecr.1.
III. with Preps., μίαν ἀν᾽ ἁμέραν on one day, Pi.O.9.85; ἀνὰ πᾶσαν . every day, Hdt.7.198; ἀφ᾽ ἡμέρας τῆς νῦν from this day, S.OT351; but ἀφ᾽ ἡμέρας γίνεσθαι ἐν τῷ Μουσείῳ from early in the day, Plb.8.25.11: δι᾽ ἡμέρης, Att. -ρας, the whole day long, Hdt.1.97, 2.173, Pherecr.64, Ar.Ra.260(lyr.); διὰ τρίτης . every other day, Hdt. 2.37; διὰ πολλῶν . at a distance of many days, Th.2.29; “δι᾽ ἡμερῶν τινωνThphr.HP4.3.6; εἰς´ ἡμέραν yearly, LXXJd.17.10; ἐν ἡμέρῃ in a single day, Hdt.1.126, cf. Men.Pk.377; “ἐνἡ. μιᾷS.OT615; τῇδ᾽ ἐν . Id.OC1612; ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ . Ev.Jo.14.20; ἐν ἑστέραισιν . A.Ag.1666; ἐν ὀκτὼ . Lys.20.10; but ἐν τρισὶν . within three days, Ev.Jo.2.19; ἐξ ἡμέρας by day, οὔτε νυκτὸς οὔτ᾽ ἐξ . S.El.780; ἡμέραν ἐξ ἡμέρας day after day, Henioch.5.13, LXXGe.39.10, 2 Ep.Pet.2.8 (but “ἐξ ἡμερῶν εἰς ἡμέραςLXX 2 Ch.21.15); ἐπ᾽ ἡμέρην ἔχειν, ἐφ᾽ -ραν χρῆσθαι, sufficient for the day, Hdt.1.32, Th.4.69; “τὸ γὰρ βρότειον σπέρμ᾽ ἐφ᾽ . φρονεῖA. Fr.399; “τῆς ἐφ᾽ . βορᾶςE.El.429; but τοὐφ᾽ ἡμέραν day by day, Id.Cyc. 336: c. dat., ἐπ᾽ ἡμέρῃ ἑκάστῃ (v.l. -ρης -της) every day, Hdt.5.117; “ ἥλιος νέος ἐφ᾽ ἡμέρῃHeraclit.6; καθ᾽ ἡμέραν by day, A.Ch.818 (lyr.); καθ᾽ . τὴν νῦν to-day, S.OC3, Aj.801; but καθ᾽ . commonly means day by day, IG12.84.40, etc.; καθ᾽ . ἀεί [S.]Fr.1120.4: with Art., “τὸν καθ᾽ . βίονId.OC1364; “ καθ᾽ . ἀναγκαία τροφήTh.1.2; “τὰ καθ᾽ . ἐπιτηδεύματαId.2.37; “τὸ καθ᾽ . ἀδεέςId.3.37, etc.; τὸ καθ᾽ . every day, Ar.Eq.1126 (lyr.), etc.; also “τὰ καθ᾽ ἑκάστην τὴν . ἐπιτηδεύματαIsoc.4.78; μετ᾽ ἡμέρην in broad daylight, opp. νυκτός, Hdt.2.150, cf. Ar.Pl.930; opp. νύκτωρ, Aeschin.3.77; μεθ᾽ ἡμέρας some days after, LXXJd.15.1; ἡμέρα παρ᾽ ἡμέραν γιγνομένη day following on day, Antipho 5.72; but παρ᾽ ἡμέραν every other day, Dsc.3.137, Luc.DDeor.24.2; “παρ᾽ . ἄρχεινPlu.Fab.15; “καθ᾽ ἡμέραν εἰώθειν ὀργίζεσθαι, νῦν παρ᾽ ἡμέραν, εἶτα παρὰ δύο, εἶτα παρὰ τρεῖςArr.Epict.2.18.13; πρὸ ἡμέρας before day-break, Diph.22; but πρὸ ἀμερᾶν δέκα κα μέλλωντι ἀναγινώσκεν GDI5040.42 (Crete); “πρὸ ἡμερῶν ἑπτὰ εἰδυῶν ὈκτωμβρίωνSIG646.2 (Thisbe, ii B.C.); γίγνεται, ἔστι πρὸς ἡμέραν, towards day, near day, X.HG2.4.6, Lys.1.14; also, for the day, daily, Charito 4.2.
IV. as pr. n., the goddess of day, Hes.Th.124.
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