4% of the text is displayed below. If you wish to view the entire text, please click here


Doc. 1.-Sherman's campaign.

Report of Major-General Sherman.

headquarters of the military division of the Mississippi, in the field, Savannah, Georgia, January 1, 1865.
Major-General H. W. Halleck, Chief of Staff, Washington City, D. C.:
General: I have the honor to offer my report of the operations of the armies under my command, since the occupation of Atlanta in the early part of September last, up to the present date.

As heretofore reported, in the month of September the army of the Cumberland, Major-General Thomas commanding, held the city of Atlanta; the army of the Tennessee, Major-General Howard commanding, was grouped about East-Point; and the army of the Ohio, Major-General Schofield commanding, held Decatur. Many changes occurred in the composition of these armies, in consequence of the expiration of the time of service of many of the regiments. The opportunity was given to us to consolidate the fragments, reclothe and equip the men, and make preparations for the future campaign. I also availed myself of the occasion to strengthen the garrisons to our rear, to make our communications more secure, and sent Wagner's division of the Fourth corps, and Morgan's division of the Fourteenth corps back to Chattanooga, and Corse's division of the Fifteenth corps to Rome. Also a thorough reconnoissance was made of Atlanta, and a new line of works begun, which required a smaller garrison to hold.

During this month, the enemy, whom we had left at Lovejoy's Station, moved westward toward the Chattahoochee, taking position facing us and covering the West-Point Railroad, about Palmetto Station. He also threw a pontoon-bridge across the Chattahoochee, and sent cavalry detachments to the west, in the direction of Carrolton and Powder Springs. About the same time President Davis visited Macon and his army at Palmetto, and made harangues referring to an active campaign against us. Hood still remained in command of the confederate forces, with Cheatham, S. D. Lee, and Stewart commanding his three corps, and Wheeler in command of his cavalry, which had been largely reinforced.

My cavalry consisted of two divisions; one was stationed at Decatur, under command of Brigadier-General Garrard; the other, commanded by Brigadier-General Kilpatrick, was posted near Sandtown, with a pontoon-bridge over the Chattahoochee, from which he could watch any movement of the enemy toward the west.

As soon as I became convinced that the enemy intended to assume the offensive, namely, September twenty-eighth, I sent Major-General Thomas, second in command, to Nashville, to organize the new troops expected to arrive, and to make preliminary preparations to meet such an event.

About the first of October, some of the enemy's cavalry made their appearance on the west of the Chattahoochee, and one of his infantry corps was reported near Powder Springs; and I received authentic intelligence that the rest of his infantry was crossing to the west of the Chattahoochee. I at once made my orders that Atlanta and the Chattahoochee Railroad bridge should be held by the Twentieth corps, Major-General Slocum, and on the fourth of October put in motion the Fifteenth and Seventeenth corps, and the Fourth, Fourteenth and Twenty-third corps, to Smyrna camp-ground; and on the fifth, moved to the strong position about Kenesaw. The enemy's cavalry had, by a rapid movement, got upon our railroad at Big Shanty, and broken the line of telegraph and railroad; and with a division of infantry (French's) had moved against Allatoona, where were stored about a million of rations. Its redoubts were garrisoned by three small regiments under Colonel Tourtellotte, Fourth Minnesota.

I had anticipated this movement, and had by signal and telegraph ordered General Corse to reinforce that post from Rome.

General Corse had reached Allatoona with a brigade during the night of the fourth just in time to meet the attack by French's division on the morning of the fifth. In person I reached Kenesaw Mountain about ten A. M. of the fifth, and could see the smoke of battle and hear the faint sounds of artillery. The distance, eighteen miles, was too great for me to make in time to [2] share in the battle, but I directed the Twenty-third corps, Brigadier-General Cox commanding, to move rapidly from the base of Kenesaw, due west, aiming to reach the road from Allatoona to Dallas, threatening the rear of the forces attacking Allatoona. I succeeded in getting a signal message to General Corse during his fight, notifying him of my presence. The defence of Allatoona by General Corse was admirably conducted, and the enemy repulsed with heavy slaughter. His description of the defence is so graphic, that it leaves nothing for me to add; and the movement of General Cox had the desired effect of causing the withdrawal of French's division rapidly in the direction of Dallas.

On the sixth and seventh, I pushed my cavalry well toward Burnt Hickory and Dallas, and discovered that the enemy had moved westward, and inferred that he would attempt to break our railroad again in the neighborhood of Kingston. Accordingly, on the morning of the eighth, I put the army in motion through Allatoona Pass to Kingston, reaching that point on the tenth. There I learned that the enemy had feigned on Rome, and was passing the Coosa River on a pontoon-bridge about eleven miles below Rome. I therefore, on the eleventh, moved to Rome, and pushed Garrard's cavalry and the Twenty-third corps, under General Cox, across the Oostenaula, to threaten the flanks of the enemy passing north. Garrard's cavalry drove a cavalry brigade of the enemy to and beyond the Narrows, leading into the valley of the Chattooga, capturing two field-pieces and taking some prisoners. The enemy had moved with great rapidity, and made his appearance at Resaca; and Hood had in person demanded its surrender. I had from Kingston reinforced Resaca by two regiments of the army of the Tennessee. I at first intended to move the army into the Chattooga valley, to interpose between the enemy and his line of retreat down the Coosa, but feared that General Hood would, in that event, turn eastward by Spring Place, and down the Federal Road, and therefore moved against him at Resaca. Colonel Weaver, at Resaca, afterward reenforced by General Raum's brigade, had repulsed the enemy from Resaca, but he had succeeded in breaking the railroad from Tilton to Dalton, and as far north as the Tunnel.

Arriving at

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Savannah (Georgia, United States) (110)
Atlanta (Georgia, United States) (71)
Waynesborough (Georgia, United States) (37)
Milledgeville (Georgia, United States) (34)
Louisville (Kentucky, United States) (33)
Ogeechee (Georgia, United States) (28)
Fort McAllister (Georgia, United States) (28)
Macon (Georgia, United States) (25)
Augusta (Georgia, United States) (23)
Sandersville (Georgia, United States) (21)
Millen (Georgia, United States) (20)
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (20)
Resaca (Georgia, United States) (19)
Kingston, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (18)
King's Bridge (Alabama, United States) (16)
Allatoona (Georgia, United States) (16)
Savannah River (United States) (15)
Davisboro (Georgia, United States) (15)
Argyle Island (Georgia, United States) (14)
Chattanooga (Tennessee, United States) (13)
Gaylesville (Alabama, United States) (11)
Springfield, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (10)
Little River (Tennessee, United States) (10)
Jacksonboro (Georgia, United States) (10)
Clinton, La. (Louisiana, United States) (10)
Buckhead Creek (Georgia, United States) (10)
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (9)
Jonesboro (Georgia, United States) (9)
Eatonton (Georgia, United States) (9)
Yellow River, Georgia (Georgia, United States) (7)
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (7)
Irwinton (Georgia, United States) (7)
Hutchinson's Island (South Carolina, United States) (7)
McDonough (Georgia, United States) (6)
Gordon (Georgia, United States) (6)
Edgefield (Tennessee, United States) (6)
Eden (Washington, United States) (6)
Decatur, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (6)
Cherokee Hill (Wyoming, United States) (6)
Chattahoochee River, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (6)
Thomas Station (Georgia, United States) (5)
Oconee (Georgia, United States) (5)
Monteith (Missouri, United States) (5)
Marietta (Georgia, United States) (5)
Madison, Georgia (Georgia, United States) (5)
Hilton Head (South Carolina, United States) (5)
East Point (Georgia, United States) (5)
Buffalo Creek, Newton County, Missouri (Missouri, United States) (5)
Ball's Ferry (California, United States) (5)
Wisconsin (Wisconsin, United States) (4)
Stone Mountain (Georgia, United States) (4)
Rock Bridge (Tennessee, United States) (4)
Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) (4)
Little Ogeechee River (Georgia, United States) (4)
La Fayette (Georgia, United States) (4)
Kenesaw Mountain (Georgia, United States) (4)
Jackson (Tennessee, United States) (4)
Gadsden (Alabama, United States) (4)
Flint (Georgia, United States) (4)
Covington (Georgia, United States) (4)
Clydesdale Creek (South Carolina, United States) (4)
Childsburg (North Carolina, United States) (4)
Whitehall (North Carolina, United States) (3)
Warsaw Sound (Georgia, United States) (3)
Taylor's Ridge (West Virginia, United States) (3)
Social Circle (Georgia, United States) (3)
Powder Springs (Georgia, United States) (3)
Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) (3)
Ossabaw Sound (Georgia, United States) (3)
Lithonia (Georgia, United States) (3)
Kenesaw (Nebraska, United States) (3)
Jackson (Mississippi, United States) (3)
Griswoldsville (Georgia, United States) (3)
Griffin (Georgia, United States) (3)
Etowah (Georgia, United States) (3)
Ebenezer Creek (Georgia, United States) (3)
Dalton, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (3)
Dallas, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (3)
Clinton (Georgia, United States) (3)
Chattooga River (United States) (3)
Cartersville (Georgia, United States) (3)
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (3)
Wrightsville (Pennsylvania, United States) (2)
Wilson's Creek (Missouri, United States) (2)
Washington (United States) (2)
Walnut Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Villanow (Georgia, United States) (2)
Vernon River, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (2)
Van Wert (Georgia, United States) (2)
United States (United States) (2)
Tuscumbia (Alabama, United States) (2)
Tilton (Georgia, United States) (2)
Stockbridge (Georgia, United States) (2)
Snow Springs (Georgia, United States) (2)
Sebastopol (Louisiana, United States) (2)
Scull's Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Scarboro (Georgia, United States) (2)
Rocky Comfort Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Rocky Comfort (Arkansas, United States) (2)
Pine Mountain (Georgia, United States) (2)
Paraclifta (Arkansas, United States) (2)
Murder Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Monticello (Kentucky, United States) (2)
Madisonville (Louisiana, United States) (2)
Little Haynes Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Kingsbridge (Wisconsin, United States) (2)
Kentucky (Kentucky, United States) (2)
Jack's Creek, Tenn. (Tennessee, United States) (2)
Huntsville (Alabama, United States) (2)
Horse Creek (Missouri, United States) (2)
Grand River, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (2)
Flat Ford (Georgia, United States) (2)
Eden (Georgia, United States) (2)
Deep Creek (Virginia, United States) (2)
Decatur (Tennessee, United States) (2)
Cowpens Creek (South Carolina, United States) (2)
Cotton river (Georgia, United States) (2)
Cornish Creek (Georgia, United States) (2)
Coosa River (Alabama, United States) (2)
Commissioners Creek (Texas, United States) (2)
Cave Spring, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (2)
Buckhead Creek (Tennessee, United States) (2)
Brookfield, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (2)
Bridgeport (Connecticut, United States) (2)
Black Creek, Va. (Virginia, United States) (2)
Bear Station (Delaware, United States) (2)
Bakers Creek (Mississippi, United States) (2)
Alpine, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (2)
Adairsville (Georgia, United States) (2)
Whitehall (Georgia, United States) (1)
Vann's Valley (Alabama, United States) (1)
Upper Town (Nevada, United States) (1)
Tybee Island (Georgia, United States) (1)
Sunbury, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)
St. Catherine's Sound (Georgia, United States) (1)
South River, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)
Shinbone Valley (Alabama, United States) (1)
Sevastapol (Indiana, United States) (1)
Sandtown (Georgia, United States) (1)
Sand Mountain, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)
Rutledge (Georgia, United States) (1)
Ringgold, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)
Palmetto (Florida, United States) (1)
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Montgomery Ferry (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Missouri (Missouri, United States) (1)
Meadow Mills (Virginia, United States) (1)
Lost Mountain (Georgia, United States) (1)
Little River (Alabama, United States) (1)
Johnson Crossroads (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Johnson (Missouri, United States) (1)
Hornady (Alabama, United States) (1)
Hebron, Conn. (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Habersham (Georgia, United States) (1)
Guntersville (Alabama, United States) (1)
Forsyth, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)
Florence, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Eden Station (Ohio, United States) (1)
Dirttown Valley (Georgia, United States) (1)
Cowan Creek (Ohio, United States) (1)
Coosawhatchie (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Charleston (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Cedar Bluff, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Buck Creek (Georgia, United States) (1)
Broad River (South Carolina, United States) (1)
Blue Mountain (Alabama, United States) (1)
Black Spring (Georgia, United States) (1)
Beaver Dam Creek, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)
Bear Creek Station (Missouri, United States) (1)
Barton (Vermont, United States) (1)
Athens, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (1)
Ackworth, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
F. P. Blair (42)
Judson Kilpatrick (36)
J. M. Wheeler (35)
J. M. Corse (35)
J. B. Hood (33)
W. B. Hazen (33)
P. J. Osterhaus (27)
T. J. Woods (26)
O. O. Howard (26)
H. W. Slocum (25)
W. T. Sherman (25)
Smith D. Atkins (23)
J. W. Geary (20)
A. Baird (20)
J. A. Reynolds (19)
R. C. Morgan (19)
J. B. Gordon (19)
C. C. Walcott (15)
William H. Foster (13)
John A. Dahlgren (13)
Henry M. Whittelsey (12)
Eli H. Murray (12)
John E. Smith (11)
Theodore Jones (11)
John M. Corse (11)
E. A. Carman (11)
George Robinson (10)
Edward L. Thomas (9)
Giles A. Smith (9)
C. B. Reese (9)
W. P. Carlin (9)
Madison (8)
J. Kilpatrick (8)
William Hawley (8)
Stanley (7)
S. Rice (7)
T. E. G. Ransom (7)
John M. Oliver (7)
Joseph A. Mower (7)
Jordon (7)
L. M. Dayton (7)
W. M. Beebe (7)
O. G. Baldwin (7)
George S. Acker (7)
Simson Williamson (6)
W. T. Ward (6)
William McAllister (6)
M. D. Leggett (6)
Bradley T. Johnson (6)
John W. Geary (6)
J. Garrard (6)
William Duncan (6)
Jefferson C. Davis (6)
A. S. Williams (5)
William Sherman (5)
T. W. Osborne (5)
R. H. King (5)
Thomas T. Heath (5)
T. J. Hardee (5)
Foreman (5)
George P. Buell (5)
Francis H. West (4)
J. E. Tourtellotte (4)
Samuel L. Taggart (4)
William E. Strong (4)
Sharpe (4)
J. A. Reid (4)
P. Joseph Osterhaus (4)
Mill (4)
A. J. Jackson (4)
C. H. Howard (4)
J. B. Estes (4)
Daniel Dustin (4)
Colt (4)
Frederick L. Clark (4)
D. H. Buell (4)
H. A. Barnum (4)
Asmussen (4)
E. P. Alexander (4)
James Yates (3)
Charles Wood (3)
Winnegar (3)
J. J. Smith (3)
Benjamin Sanderson (3)
O. M. Poe (3)
E. P. Pearson (3)
Warham Parks (3)
Stephen D. Lee (3)
Izzard (3)
Forrest (3)
James Davis (3)
Dale (3)
William Cox (3)
Matthew Buskirk (3)
Peter C. Brown (3)
A. R. Wright (2)
M. Woodhull (2)
Wolcott (2)
Henry A. Wise (2)
E. Whittlesey (2)
D. W. Whittle (2)
William Tweedale (2)
Topographical (2)
Tennille (2)
W. N. Taylor (2)
Albert Stickney (2)
Stetson (2)
George E. Spencer (2)
F. C. Smith (2)
William T. Sherman (2)
Daniel M. Shepherd (2)
James L. Selfridge (2)
Schofield (2)
Scarborough (2)
Sampson (2)
Samuel Ross (2)
David Remick (2)
Raum (2)
Pardee (2)
J. M. Oliver (2)
J. A. Mower (2)
Frank Moore (2)
Monteith (2)
McDowell (2)
McClintock (2)
Lovejoy (2)
E. H. Kirlin (2)
Kirby (2)
John H. Ketcham (2)
Ida (2)
D. L. Huntington (2)
Morton C. Hunter (2)
L. P. Hughes (2)
Holling (2)
John Hayes (2)
William S. Harney (2)
Otis Griffin (2)
J. A. Gladen (2)
F. W. Gilbreth (2)
John Fuller (2)
S. G. French (2)
Fowler (2)
C. C. Ferguson (2)
Dunbar (2)
De Grase (2)
J. T. Conklin (2)
Thomas R. R. Cobb (2)
Clynch (2)
Edward Cheves (2)
Burnside (2)
Brink (2)
Boggs (2)
E. Blake (2)
Frank Blair (2)
W. Bedford (2)
T. G. Baylor (2)
Bartow (2)
Ballock (2)
C. A. Ahruts (2)
C. H. Young (1)
William R. Woods (1)
Charles R. Woods (1)
R. N. Wilson (1)
Moses White (1)
Thomas F. Wells (1)
N. G. Weaver (1)
Tryon (1)
J. S. Tipton (1)
Alonzo F. Tilton (1)
C. B. Thompson (1)
George H. Thomas (1)
A. D. Taylor (1)
Thomas Swygover (1)
Summerville (1)
Stoneman (1)
George H. Stewart (1)
A. J. Smith (1)
R. K. Scott (1)
Scarboro (1)
U. Sa (1)
Richard Rowell (1)
H. C. Rogers (1)
H. C. Rodgers (1)
J. R. Respass (1)
B. F. Potts (1)
H. W. Perkins (1)
J. Patrick (1)
W. D. Oliveria (1)
North (1)
Joseph Moore (1)
R. L. Mitchell (1)
Benjamin Milliken (1)
Melville (1)
John W. McGrath (1)
S. McCombs (1)
L. A. McCarthy (1)
Francis Marshchalk (1)
Romney Marsh (1)
Eli J. Lewis (1)
A. R. Lawton (1)
Lawson (1)
Fred S. Ladd (1)
Kittoe (1)
Kingston (1)
Hitchcock (1)
Alexander Hasset (1)
John Harrison (1)
George P. Harrison (1)
D. H. Hamilton (1)
H. W. Halleck (1)
Habersham (1)
N. Gleason (1)
S. D. French (1)
Forsyth (1)
M. F. Force (1)
J. T. Fleming (1)
R. S. Ewell (1)
C. A. Duncan (1)
Dodge (1)
Doc (1)
Decatur (1)
Dazel (1)
William H. Davis (1)
Jefferson Davis (1)
C. Davis (1)
Dallas (1)
Cuyler (1)
Culp (1)
William C. Cook (1)
William Cogswell (1)
J. H. W. Clinch (1)
R. A. Cheatham (1)
J. D. Cercopely (1)
Calhoun (1)
Buel (1)
Samuel G. Bowman (1)
F. M. Boace (1)
W. H. Best (1)
Belknap (1)
T. G. Batsman (1)
T. L. Barton (1)
William F. Barry (1)
A. E. W. Barclay (1)
Charles W. Baldwin (1)
D. L. Ambrose (1)
Andrew Ambrose (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
21st (12)
December 10th (10)
20th (10)
19th (9)
December 8th (8)
December 1st (8)
5th (8)
December 7th (7)
December 4th (7)
December 3rd (7)
November 15th (7)
December 21st (6)
December 6th (6)
December 5th (6)
December 2nd (6)
18th (6)
16th (6)
12th (6)
December 13th (5)
November 27th (5)
November 26th (5)
November 24th (5)
November 22nd (5)
28th (5)
15th (5)
8th (5)
6th (5)
November 22nd, 1864 AD (4)
1500 AD (4)
December 16th (4)
December 11th (4)
December 9th (4)
November 23rd (4)
November 14th (4)
November 13th (4)
November 1st (4)
29th (4)
25th (4)
24th (4)
17th (4)
13th (4)
9th (4)
December 13th, 1864 AD (3)
November 27th, 1864 AD (3)
November 23rd, 1864 AD (3)
November 30th (3)
November 19th (3)
October 30th (3)
October 5th (3)
October 4th (3)
September (3)
27th (3)
22nd (3)
14th (3)
11th (3)
10th (3)
4th (3)
3rd (3)
2nd (3)
1903 AD (2)
January 9th, 1865 AD (2)
December 31st, 1864 AD (2)
December 28th, 1864 AD (2)
December 21st, 1864 AD (2)
November 30th, 1864 AD (2)
November 21st, 1864 AD (2)
November 20th, 1864 AD (2)
November 18th, 1864 AD (2)
November 17th, 1864 AD (2)
November 16th, 1864 AD (2)
1864 AD (2)
1218 AD (2)
December 19th (2)
December 17th (2)
December 15th (2)
December 14th (2)
December 12th (2)
November 29th (2)
November 28th (2)
November 25th (2)
November 21st (2)
November 20th (2)
November 18th (2)
November 17th (2)
November 16th (2)
November 11th (2)
November 2nd (2)
November (2)
October 1st (2)
September 29th (2)
30th (2)
23rd (2)
7th (2)
January 4th, 1865 AD (1)
January 1st, 1865 AD (1)
December 18th, 1864 AD (1)
December, 1864 AD (1)
November 14th, 1864 AD (1)
November 9th, 1864 AD (1)
November 1st, 1864 AD (1)
October 5th, 1864 AD (1)
September 4th, 1864 AD (1)
August 31st, 1864 AD (1)
July 22nd, 1864 AD (1)
1770 AD (1)
1340 AD (1)
December 27th (1)
December 20th (1)
December (1)
November 12th (1)
November 10th (1)
November 9th (1)
November 8th (1)
November 4th (1)
October 31st (1)
October 28th (1)
October 26th (1)
October 24th (1)
October 11th (1)
October 10th (1)
October 3rd (1)
September 28th (1)
September 26th (1)
September 8th (1)
September 2nd (1)
July 28th (1)
May 1st (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: