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The first slave ship belonging to the American colonists was fitted out in 1645 by a member of the Puritan Church of Boston. The first slaves of Europeans in America were the Indians; and the Puritan Governor (Winthrop) of Massachusetts bequeathed his soul to God and his Indian slaves to the lawful heirs of his body. Confederate New England, in 1643, provided for the equitable division of lands, goods and persons as equally a part of the "spoils" of war — enacting the first fugitive slave law in America. On the 4th of July, 1776, every American Colony had become a slave State, and the number of slaves was four hundred and fifty thousand. Nature warred against the institution in the Northern States; otherwise, slavery would have existed there to this day. It was not profitable, and died; lingering in New York till July, 1827. The most of the slaves were transported and sold to the South, and thus their owners were enabled to turn an honest penny, and to say to the South: ‘"Behold, we are purer and holier than thou!"’
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