Translator's preface

Little need be added to the Translator's Preface of the preceding volume. My resources, problems, aims and methods of work are essentially those there described, and no significant additions to the literature have come to my attention. I content myself, therefore, with reference to the appropriate sections of the Preface of Volume IX.

Two points, however, may be mentioned. In two important particulars the Periocha differs from the continuous text. Livy (XXXV. xiv. 5-12) quotes the famous conversation between Africanus and Hannibal, with some apparent doubts as to its authenticity; the author of the Periocha is not so troubled. The difference in the account of the dedication of the temple of the Magna Mater is more serious. Livy (XXXVI. xxxvi. 4) says that it was dedicated by Brutus; the author of the Periocha assigns that distinction to Scipio Nasica. These variations raise the puzzling question of the relation of the Periochae to the continuous text, but I have not found space to discuss it at length.

The ever-troublesome problem of chronology becomes more serious in these Books. Livy seems happily unaware of it, but the translator with the most modest ambitions is painfully conscious of it while he recognizes his inability to solve it. It is fortunate for him as for the Romans that intercalation was resorted to before matters grew worse. I have devoted to this problem the minimum of attention.

Maps 1 and 2, identical with the corresponding maps in Volume IX, are the work of Mr. Foster.

I express my gratitude to him, as to my colleagues, Professor Adalaide J. Wegner and Dr. Nancy Margaret Miller, for assistance at various points, and to my son, Robert L. Sage, of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, for aid, particularly with the place-names of Asia Minor.

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