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Port republic, battle of.

Before the battle of cross Keys (q. v.), “StonewallJackson had crossed the Shenandoah River, and was encamped at Port Republic. The vanguard of Shields's force, under General Carroll—less than 1,000 infantry, 150 cavalry, and a battery of six guns— had arrived there almost simultaneously with Jackson. With his cavalry and five pieces of artillery, Carroll dashed into the village, drove Jackson's cavalry out of it, and took possession of the bridge that spanned the river. Had he burned that structure, he might have ruined Jackson, for he would have cut him off from Ewell at Cross Keys. But he waited for his infantry to come up, and was attacked by a superior force and driven to a point 2 miles from the town, where he was afterwards joined by Gen. E. B. Tyler and his brigade, 2,000 strong, Tyler taking command. Meanwhile, Ewell had escaped from Fremont, crossed the bridge, and reinforced Jackson. A flanking movement was now begun by the Confederates, which Tyler resisted with his whole force, about 3,000 in number. With these lie drove 8,000 Confederates into the woods. At the same time an augmented force attacked Tyler's right, and a severe battle ensued. Gen. Dick Taylor's Louisiana brigade made a sudden dash through the woods and captured a National battery, when Colonel Candy, with Ohio troops, made a countercharge and recaptured it, with one of the guns of the Confederates. The artillery-horses having been killed, he could not carry off the battery; but he took back with him sixty-seven Confederates. So overwhelming was Jackson's force that Tyler was compelled to retreat, and was pursued about 5 miles, covered by Carroll's cavalry. The battle was disastrous to the Nationals, but it was recognized by both sides as one of the most brilliant of the war. In the engagement and retreat the Confederates captured 450 prisoners and 800 muskets. The National army then fell back to Harrisonburg (June 9), when Fremont went on to Mount Jackson, and Shields to Newmarket.

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E. B. Tyler (5)
Andrew Jackson (4)
Charles Carroll (3)
James Shields (2)
John C. Fremont (2)
Richard Stoddert Ewell (2)
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Stonewall (1)
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