: born in Lauterbach, Rhine
June 3, 1738.
Leaving the College of Marburg, he entered the English
army as ensign, and served in the Seven Years War under Prince Ferdinand.
In 1760 he became captain of the Hessian Hussars
, and was made lieutenant-colonel of the Black Hussars
in 1762, adjutant-general
of the Brunswick
army in 1767, colonel of carabineers in 1772, and a major-general, with the command of a division of 4,000 Brunswickers, hired by the British Court to fight British subject in America
early in 1776.
arrived at Quebec
June 1, 1776; aided in the capture of Ticonderoga
(July 6), and in dispersing the American
troops at Hubbardton
, and was made a prisoner with Burgoyne
; was exchanged in the fall of 1780; returned home in August, 1783, and was made lieutenant-general in command of troops serving in Holland
He became commander-in-chief of the military of Brunswick
He died in Brunswick
, Jan. 6, 1800.
His Memoirs, letters, and journals in America
, edited by Max Von Eelking
, were translated by William L. Stone
His wife, Fredericka Charlotte Louisa
, accompanied him to America
, and wrote charming letters, and a journal, which were published in Boston
in 1799, of which a translation was made by Mr. Stone
She was a daughter of the
Prussian minister, Massow.
She died in Berlin
, March 29, 1808.