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One of the Middle Atlantic States, is, next to Rhode Island, the smallest State in the Union. Its southern boundary is a line drawn due west from the Atlantic on lat. 38° 28′ N., half-way to the Chesapeake Bay. Its western boundary is a line drawn north from this point, tangent to a circle having a radius of 12 miles and with New Castle as its centre. An arc of this circle forms the northern boundary of the State, and separates it from Pennsylvania in about lat. 39° 50′. Delaware River and Bay separate if from New Jersey on the east, and Maryland lies to the south and west. Area, 2,050 square miles, in three counties. Population, 1890, 168,493; 1900, 184,735. Capital, Dover.

Henry Hudson discovers the Delaware River......Aug. 28, 1609

Lord de la Warr, governor of Virginia, enters the bay called by his name......1610

Samuel Godyn, a director in the Dutch West India Company, purchases 16 Dutch square miles from the natives, at the mouth of the Delaware......July 25, 1630

David Petersen de Vries makes a small settlement at the Hoorn-kill, now Lewes, just within the entrance to Delaware Bay, and calls it Swanendael......March, 1631

De Vries having left the colony soon after, returns to find it destroyed by the Indians; all the settlers killed......Dec. 5, 1632

Owners of Swanendael transfer their interest in the property to the directors of the Dutch West India Company......Feb. 7, 1635

First permanent settlement of Europeans in Delaware by Swedes under Peter Minuit, a former director of the Dutch West India Company at Manhattan. They locate at Christiana, within the present limits of Wilmington, build a fort and erect a church within its walls, and name the territory “New Sweden” ......March, 1638

Minuit buys from five chiefs the Minquas territory on west side of the Delaware, from Bombay Hook to the river Schuylkill, with no western boundary specified......March 29, 1638

Protest against Swedish settlement by William Kieft, director-general of the New Netherlands, on claim of prior possession by the Dutch......May 6, 1638

Peter Minuit having been drowned in a storm at sea off the West Indies, Lieut. Peter Hollender, commissioned governor of New Sweden, arrives with new immigrants at Christiana just as the colony had resolved to break up......April 11, 1640

Dutch settlement made a few miles from Christiana under a hereditary fief grant from the crown of Sweden......Nov. 2, 1640

Johan Printz, a Swede, appointed governor of New Sweden, arrives at Christiana with two vessels of war......Feb. 15, 1643

Fifth Swedish expedition arrives at Christiana......March 11, 1644

Dutch States-General and West India Company secure from the Indians a deed to all lands between Christiana Creek and Canarosse, the same which had been sold to the Swedes by the Indians, and erect Fort Casimir, now New Castle......July 19, 1651

Governor Printz, returning home, appoints his son-in-law, Johan Pappegoia, governor of the colony......October, 1652

Johan Claudii Rising, arriving at Fort Casimir, in the ship Eagle, direct from Sweden, with reinforcements for the colony in New Sweden, demands its surrender, takes the fort without bloodshed, and renames it Fort Trinity......May, 1654

Vice-Governor Pappegoia returning to Sweden soon, Rising assumes supreme authority as director-general of New Sweden......1654 [293]

Gov. Peter Stuyvesant of Manhattan captures forts Trinity and Christiana, sends to Europe all Swedes refusing allegiance to Holland, and brings the colony under Dutch rule......Sept. 16-25, 1655

Governor Rising and companions embark for Sweden on the De Waag, and bid farewell to Delaware......Oct. 1, 1655

Stuyvesant commissions Johan Paul Jaquet governor of the Dutch colony on the Delaware, who selects Fort Casimir as his residence......Nov. 29, 1655

Swedes arriving on the ship Mercurius, not knowing of the change in government, attempt to ascend the river and land, but are dismissed by the Dutch without bloodshed......March 24, 1656

Governor-general and council give seventy-five deeds for land, chiefly for lots in New Amstel, now New Castle. The first made......April 12, 1656

Dutch West India Company transfers to the city of Amsterdam Fort Casimir and the adjacent territory of New Amstel, which becomes known as the Colony of the City......Aug. 16, 1656

Jaquet is removed for mismanagement, and Jacob Alrich appointed in Holland as governor of New Amstel......April, 1657

William Beekman appointed vice-governor of the Colony of the Company, with headquarters at Altena, now Wilmington,......Oct. 28, 1658

Beekman secures a deed of land from the Indians, and erects a fort at the Hoorn-kill......May 23, 1659

Governor Alrich dies; Alexander Hinoyosa succeeds......Dec. 30, 1659

Colony of the Company surrenders its rights to the Colony of the City......Feb. 7, 1663

Colony passes into British control under the Duke of York......Oct. 1, 1664

New Amstel surrenders to Sir Robert Carr, sent to subject the country by Charles II., and called New Castle......Nov. 3, 1664

Swedish church erected at Crane-hook 1 1/2 miles from Fort Christiana......1667

Temporary council of Deputy-Governor Carr and six others, swearing allegiance to the Duke of York, established at New Castle......1668

Konigsmarke, better known as the “Long Finn,” instigating rebellion against the Duke of York in Delaware, is arrested and imprisoned in New York; afterwards transported to the Barbadoes......Dec. 20, 1669

George Fox, the Friend, holds a large meeting in New Castle......1672

New Castle incorporated and a constable's court erected......May, 1672

Anthony Clove appointed governor of Delaware under the Dutch, who retake New York......Aug. 12, 1673

By treaty of Westminster, Delaware reverts to the English, and Sir Edmund Andros reappoints magistrates who had been removed by the Dutch......1674

William Penn arrives at New Castle with deed from Duke of York for a circle of 12 miles around New Castle, and lands between this tract and the sea......Oct. 28, 1682

Act of union and naturalization passed at the first Assembly in Upland (now Chester, Pa.), annexing to Pennsylvania the three lower counties on the Delaware, New Castle, Kent, and Sussex......Dec. 7, 1682

Lords of trade and plantations decide in favor of Penn against Lord Baltimore's claim to Delaware......1685

Delaware, under its charter from Penn, forms a legislative Assembly; first meeting at New Castle......1703

Willingtown, now Wilmington, laid out by Thomas Willing......October, 1731

After twenty years of litigation the boundaries of Delaware are defined......1733

James Adams introduces printing into Delaware, publishing at Wilmington, for six months, the Wilmington Courant......1761

Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney sent as delegates to the first Colonial Congress at New York......Oct. 7, 1765

Caesar Rodney chosen commissioner to erect State-house and public buildings in Dover......1772

Thomas McKean, George Read, and Caesar Rodney elected delegates to the first Continental Congress......1774

Assembly unanimously approves resolution of Continental Congress of May 15, and overturns the proprietary government, substituting the name of the province on all occasions for that of the King, and directs the delegates to vote on independence according to their own judgment......June 15, 1776

Convention at New Castle frames a new [294] constitution, assumes the name “The Delaware State,” and designates Dover as capital......Aug. 27, 1776

Evening after battle of Brandywine, President McKinley captured by a party of British; George Read, speaker of Assembly, succeeds him......Sept. 12, 1777

Thomas McKean, of Delaware, elected President of Continental Congress......July 10, 1781

Richard Basset, Gunning Bedford, Jr., Jacob Broom, John Dickinson, and George Read sign the Constitution of the United States as representatives from Delaware......Sept. 17, 1787

Delaware first State to adopt the federal Constitution, and without amendments......Dec. 7, 1787

New constitution, framed by a convention at New Castle, changes the name to “The State of Delaware,” and goes into operation without submission to the people......June, 1792

Act appropriating receipts from marriage and tavern licenses for a school fund......1796

James A. Bayard, of Delaware, appointed minister plenipotentiary to France......Feb. 19, 1801

Du Pont powder-mills near Wilmington established by Eleuthere Irenee Du Pont de Nemours......1802

Caesar Rodney, of Delaware, appointed Attorney-General of United States......Jan. 20, 1807

James A. Bayard, one of the negotiators of the treaty of Ghent, signed......Dec. 24, 1814

Caesar Rodney appointed minister plenipotentiary to Buenos Ayres......Jan. 27, 1823

Act passed establishing free schools......1829

Chesapeake and Delaware Canal completed at cost of $2,250,000......1829

Locomotive introduced on New Castle Railroad......1831

Louis McLane, of Delaware, appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury......Aug. 8, 1831

State constitution revised by a convention of thirty delegates at Dover......Nov. 8, 1831

Wilmington made a city......1832

New Castle and Frenchtown Railroad, 16 1/2 miles long, completed......1832

Louis McLane appointed United States Secretary of State......May 29, 1833

Explosion of 5,000 lbs. of powder at Du Pont's powder-mills, Wilmington......April 18, 1847

Title to Pea Patch Island, derived from Delaware by United States and from New Jersey by James Humphrey, many years in litigation, awarded to United States by Hon. John Sargeant, referee......Jan. 15, 1848

John Middleton Clayton, of Delaware, negotiates the Clayton-Bulwer treaty with the British government......April, 1850

A new constitution framed and submitted to the people, but rejected......Oct. 11, 1853

Amendment to constitution changing day of State elections......Jan. 30, 1855

Henry Dickinson, commissioner from Mississippi, invites the State to join the Confederacy; proposition rejected unanimously by the House and by a majority of the Senate......Jan. 3, 1861

Delaware declares for the Union......April 15, 1861

Delaware added to the Military Department of Washington......April 19, 1861

Governor Burton calls for volunteers for United States army, and obtains a regiment of about 775 three-months' men. (Subsequently two regiments of about 1,000 each were enlisted for the war)......April 23, 1861

A peace convention at Dover resolves against the war and for a peaceable recognition of the Confederacy......June 27, 1861

Delaware raises its quota for volunteer army, under calls of July and August, without drafting; in all about 5,000 men furnished by the State......1862

Governor Cannon undertakes military supervision for the United States of election for Congressman; opposition in public meeting at New Castle decide not to vote, as a protest against the interference......Nov. 17, 1863

Delaware creates her first State debt by issuing bonds for the sum of $1,000,000 for obtaining substitutes for the draft......1864

Equal rights convention held at Wilmington......Sept. 4, 1864

General tax act passed, including corporation tax on railroad capital stock, net earnings, and rolling stock......April, 1869 [295]

Woman's suffrage convention at Wilmington......November, 1869

Ratification of Fifteenth Amendment celebrated by colored people......April 14, 1870

New Castle, with a population of 2,300, incorporated as a city......1875

School bill passed; board of education to consist of the president of Delaware College, secretary of State, and State editor......1875

Act passed imposing a fine on any person taking part in any political torchlight parade......1881

High license bill passed by legislature......1889

Pillory and whipping for female convicts abolished......1889

Monument over grave of Caesar Rodney, 1728-84, member of Continental Congress, signer of Declaration of Independence, and president (governor) of the State, unveiled......Oct. 30, 1889

A secret-ballot law passed, and the governor made president of the State board of education instead of the president of Delaware College at session of the legislature......Jan. 6–May 16, 1891

Ex-Gov. John W. Hall dies at Frederica......Jan. 23, 1892

Inland waterway between Lewes and Chincoteague Bay, 75 miles long, begun......1893

Two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of Old Swedish Church celebrated......June, 1893

Thomas F. Bayard dies at Dedham, Mass.......Sept. 28, 1898

Deadlock in senatorial election not broken......1901

District of Columbia

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