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North Carolina,

One of the Atlantic States of the United States, is bounded north by Virginia, east by the Atlantic Ocean, with a coast-line of over 400 miles, southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, south by South Carolina and Georgia, west by South Carolina and Tennessee. It lies between lat. 33° 50′ and 36° 33′ N., and between long. 75° 27′ and 84° 20′ W. Area, 52,250 square miles, in ninety-six counties. Population, 1890, 1,617,947; 1900, 1,893,810. Capital, Raleigh. For first exploration of coast, see colony of Virginia, 1584-90.

John Porey, secretary of the colony of Virginia, explores the country to the Chowan River......1622

Charles I. grants a patent for all the territory between lat. 36° and 31° N. to Sir Robert Heath......1629-30

Roger Green, with colonists from Virginia, settles on the Roanoke and the Chowan rivers......July, 1653

Chief of the Yeopim Indians grants to George Durant land in Perquimans county......1662

Charles II. grants to the Earl of Clarendon and seven others territory extending westward from the Atlantic Ocean between lat. 31° and 36°, which they call Carolina......March 20, 1663

Berkeley, governor of Virginia, visits Carolina, organizes a government for the northern part, calling it Albemarle county, and appoints William Drummond governor......1663

Several hundred persons, under Sir John Yeamans, land at the junction of Cape Fear River and Old Town Creek, and lay out a village called Charlestown, near the present site of Wilmington......May 29, 1665

Grant of March 20, 1663, enlarged and extended south to lat. 29°......June 30, 1665

[This enlarged grant comprised all North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, part of Florida and Missouri, nearly all of Texas, and a large portion of northern Mexico.]

Governor Drummond dying, succeeded by Samuel Stephens......1667

Form of government for Carolina, known as fundamental constitutions, framed by John Locke, and amended by the Earl of Shaftesbury, partly put into operation, the first set bearing date......July 21, 1669

William Edmundson, a Quaker, sent out from Maryland by George Fox, preaches at the narrows of Perquimans River, where Hertford was afterwards built......1672

Governor Stephens dies and George Cartwright, speaker of the Assembly of Albemarle, succeeds in 1673, but resigns and is succeeded by Governor Eastchurch, represented by a secretary, one Miller, whom he appoints president of the council and acting governor......July, 1673

People, tried by the extortion and tyranny of Miller, revolt under John Culpeper, imprison the president and six members of the council, call a legislature and assume control......December, 1677

Culpeper goes to England to explain to the lords proprietors, and John Harvey, president of the council, takes charge of the government, John Jenkins, being appointed governor by the proprietors, succeeding him......June, 1680

Governor Jenkins dies and is succeeded by Henry Wilkinson......December, 1681

Seth Sothel, who had purchased the [478] rights of Lord Clarendon, arrives as governor of Albemarle......1683

Fundamental constitutions, framed in 1669, are abrogated by the lords proprietors......April, 1693

Law passed by the General Assembly disfranchising all dissenters from any office of trust, honor, or profit......1704

First church in North Carolina built in Chowan county......1705

Lords proprietors grant to Christopher, Baron de Graaffenreidt, 10,000 acres of land on the Neuse and Cape Fear rivers in 1709. About 15,000 Swiss and a large number of Palatines follow the Baron and settle at the confluence of the Trent and Neuse, calling the town Newbern......December, 1710

One hundred and twelve persons, principally settlers on the Roanoke and Chowan, are massacred by the Tuscaroras and other allied Indian tribes......Sept. 22, 1711

Militia of North and South Carolina and friendly Indians attack the Tuscaroras on the banks of the Neuse, in the present county of Craven, and more than 300 savages are killed and 100 made prisoners......Jan. 28, 1712

Troops under Col. James Moore, of South Carolina, capture Fort Nahucke, a stronghold of the Tuscaroras in Greene county, with 800 prisoners......March, 1713

Bills of credit for £ 800 issued by the colony to pay Indian war debt. First issue of paper money in North Carolina......1713

Edenton, on the Chowan River, founded......1715

Tuscarora Indians enter into a treaty, and a tract of land on the Roanoke, in the present county of Bertie, is ceded to them by Governor Eden......June 5, 1718

Pirate Edward Teach, commonly called Black Beard, long a terror to North Carolina, is attacked by Lieutenant Maynard near Ocracoke, with two small coasters; he is killed, and Maynard carries off his head hung to the bowsprit......Nov. 21, 1718

Boundary-line between North and South Carolina established......1727

Last Assembly under proprietary government at Edenton; issues £ 40,000 more in paper money......Nov. 27, 1728

Lords proprietors surrender the government to King George II. except oneeighth interest retained by Lord Granville......1729

Carolina, on becoming the property of the crown, is divided into two provinces, and George Burrington is appointed governor of North Carolina......April 30, 1730

Commissioners run the boundary-line between North and South Carolina......1738

One-eighth interest in the proprietary charter retained by John, Lord Carteret, heir of Lord Granville, is laid off for him, being bounded on the north by the Virginia line, south by lat. 35° 34′, and extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific......1743

War having been declared by England against France, Fort Johnston on the south bank of Cape Fear is built......1745

Large accession to the settlement near Cross Creek is made by Scotch Highlanders exiled to America......1747

James Davis, at Newbern, issues the first newspaper in the State, the North Carolina Gazette......1749

Moravians purchase from Lord Granville 100,000 acres between the Dan and Yadkin, which they name Wachovia......1750

First edition of the laws of North Carolina by Samuel Swann, published by James Davis at Newbern......1752

Act passed to erect a school-house at Newbern......1764

A sloop-of-war, the Diligence, arrives in the Cape Fear River with stamped paper for use in the colony, Sept. 28, 1765. Colonels Ashe and Waddell, with an armed force, so terrify the captain that no attempt is made to land the paper, and seizing James Houston, stamp distributer, they compel him to take an oath not to distribute the stamped paper......1765

British ship-of-war Viper, Jacob Lobb captain, lying at anchor off Brunswick, seizes two merchant vessels, the Dobbs and Patience, from Philadelphia, showing clearance papers without stamps. Five hundred and eighty men under Col. Hugh Waddell, having secured the clearance papers from the collector of the port, proceed from Wilmington to Brunswick, and compel the release of the two vessels......Feb. 21, 1766

George A. Selwyn obtains from the crown large grants of land in Mecklenburg county, but the people prevent their survey......1766 [479]

Rev. Daniel Caldwell opens a classical school in Guilford county......1767

People of Orange county, oppressed by the unjust acts of Edmund Fanning, clerk of the court of Orange, form an association, headed by Herman Husbands and William Hunter, for regulating public grievances and abuse of power......1768

James Hunter and Rednap Howell sent by the regulators to the governor with a statement of grievances......May 21, 1768

Governor and council decide that the grievances of the regulators do not warrant their course, which tends to high treason......June, 1768

Regulators assembling, July 11, the governor raises troops and marches from Salisbury to Hillsboro, swearing the people to allegiance to the King and requiring the regulators to disperse. At the September term of the Hillsboro Superior Court Husbands is indicted for a riot, but acquitted. Hunter and others are imprisoned. Fanning, indicted, pleads guilty, and is fined sixpence......September, 1768

Regulators present a petition for redress to the governor, May 15, which is rejected, and in the battle of Alamance the regulators are dispersed by the troops......May 16, 1771

Regulators taken prisoners in the battle of Alamance are executed, Herman Husbands escaping......June 19, 1771

Settlements at Cross Creek increased by the addition of 300 families of Scotch Highlanders, among them Flora McDonald (famous for aiding Charles Edward, the young pretender, to escape after his defeat at Culloden) and her husband, who settle near the present site of Fayetteville......1773

Col. John Harvey, former speaker of the Assembly, calls a convention to form a provincial congress, which meets at Newbern; Harvey is chosen speaker......Aug. 25, 1774

The provincial congress decides that after Sept. 1, 1774, all use of East India tea should be prohibited; that after Nov 1, 1774, importation of African slaves should cease; and that after Jan. 1, 1775, no East India or British goods should be imported......August, 1774

Richard Caswell, Joseph Hewes, and William Hooper, delegates to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia......Sept. 5, 1774

Committee of safety orders the return of a cargo of tea which had been shipped to William Hill; committee appointed......Nov. 23, 1774

Governor Martin by proclamation denounces the Provincial Congress as “tending to introduce disorder and anarchy” ......March 1, 1775

Governor Martin dissolves the Assembly after a session of four days, ending the royal rule in the State......April 8, 1775

Delegates from Mecklenburg county meet at Charlotte to take into consideration the existing state of affairs; sign and forward to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia a declaration of independence......May 20, 1775

Col. John Harvey dies at his home at Harvey's Neck, Perquimans county......June, 1775

Articles of agreement to “resist force by force” in the support of the country, and to “go forth and be ready to sacrifice our lives and fortunes to secure her freedom and safety,” adopted by the Cumberland Association at Wilmington......June 19, 1775

Fort Johnston burned by militia under Colonel Ashe......July 18, 1775

Governor Martin issues a proclamation from the British ship-of-war Cruiser, denouncing the Mecklenburg declaration of independence......Aug. 8, 1775

One hundred and eighty-four delegates meet at Hillsboro, Aug. 21, 1775; choose Samuel Johnston president; declare that the people of North Carolina would pay their due proportion of expenses in forming a Continental army and establish a State government......Aug. 24, 1775

First meeting of the provincial council at the court-house in Johnston county......Oct. 18, 1775

Donald McDonald, a Scottish Highlander, commissioned by Governor Martin, raises a force of about 1,500 loyalists, who, under Col. Donald McLeod, attack the Continental troops, 1,000 strong, under Cols. James Moore, Caswell, and Lillington, but are routed, and General McDonald taken prisoner......Feb. 27, 1776

Provincial Congress assembles at [480] Halifax, April 4, 1776; resolves “that the delegates from this colony in Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates from the other colonies in declaring independence and forming foreign alliances, reserving to this colony the sole and exclusive right of forming a constitution and laws for this colony” ......April 12, 1776

Nine hundred British, under Lord Cornwallis, land on General Howe's plantation in Brunswick, ravage and plunder it, May 12, and after burning some mills in the vicinity embark, having Governor Martin on board, and sail for Charleston......May 29, 1776

Declaration of Independence of the United States read before the court-house in Halifax by Cornelius Harnett......Aug. 1, 1776

Joseph Hewes, William Hooper, and John Penn, for North Carolina, sign the Declaration of Independence......Aug. 2, 1776

A congress chosen by election assembles at Halifax, Nov. 12, 1776, frames a constitution for North Carolina not submitted to the people, elects Richard Caswell governor by ordinance, and completes its labors......Dec. 18, 1776.

Articles of confederation ratified by North Carolina......April 5, 1778

John Penn, Cornelius Harnett, and John Williams sign the articles of confederation on the part of North Carolina......July 21, 1778

Four hundred North Carolina Whigs under Col. Francis Locke attack a camp of Tories under Lieut.-Col. John Moore, and rout them at Ramsour's Mill, near Lincolnton......June 20, 1780

Battle of Charlotte......Sept. 26, 1780

General Greene successfully conducts his retreat across North Carolina from Cowpens to the river Dan, a distance of 230 miles, pursued by British under Lord Cornwallis......February, 1781

Cornwallis issues at Hillsboro a proclamation inviting all loyal citizens to join him......Feb. 20, 1781

Battle at Guilford Court-house; the British under Cornwallis defeat the Americans under General Greene......March 15, 1781

General Assembly meets at the courthouse of Wake, where now stands the city of Raleigh......June, 1781

Tories under Col. Hector McNeill, numbering 600 men, in the early morning march into Hillsboro and capture Governor Burke and his suite and plunder the town......Sept. 13, 1781

David Fanning, a freebooter, appointed lieutenant-colonel of the royal militia in June, 1781, captures forty-four persons at Chatham Court-house while a courtmartial is in progress, July 16; besieges the garrisoned house of Col. Philip Alston, of Chatham, Aug. 8; captures forty-four Whigs under Colonel Wade, and disperses his troops at McFalls Mills, Sept. 1, and fights the Whigs at Lundley's Mill, Chatham county......Sept. 14, 1781

Maj. James H. Craig, who had occupied Wilmington with British troops since June 29, whence he directed raids into the surrounding country, receiving news of the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, evacuates the place.......Nov. 18, 1781

Legislature grants Maj.-Gen. Nathanael Greene 25,000 acres of State land, afterwards located on Duck River, and 640 acres to each private, with larger grants to officers in the Continental army, North Carolina troops......1782

Thomas Hart Benton, statesman, son of Jesse Benton, private secretary of Governor Tryon, born near Hillsboro, Orange county......March 14, 1782

General Assembly at Hillsboro, among acts for relief of the general government, cedes her western lands and authorizes her delegates to execute a deed provided Congress would accept the offer within two years......April, 1784

Convention at Jonesboro appoints John Sevier president, and resolves that a person be despatched to Congress to press the acceptance of the offer of North Carolina......Aug. 23, 1784

General Assembly meets at Newbern and repeals the act of April 23, regarding the cession of western lands......Oct. 22, 1784

Convention of five delegates from each county meets at Jonesboro, chooses John Sevier president, and forms a constitution for the State of Frankland......Dec. 14, 1784

Constitution for the new State of Frankland accepted by a convention of the people, which meets at Greenville and chooses John Sevier to be governor of the State......November, 1785 [481]

Governor Caswell, of North Carolina, by proclamation denounces the revolt of Frankland as usurpation, and warns all to return to their allegiance to North Carolina......April 14, 1786

State of Frankland continues to exist under difficulties for about two years, courts being held by both governments, military officers appointed, and taxes levied which people pay to neither, until the legislature of Frankland at Greenville authorizes the election of two representatives to the legislature of North Carolina, members of Assembly are elected by the people, and the new State is reabsorbed......September, 1787

William Blount, Richard Dobbs, Spaight, and Hugh Williamson sign the Constitution of the United States as representatives from North Carolina......Sept. 17, 1787

State convention fixes the seat of government at Wake Court-house, now Raleigh......1788

North Carolina ratifies the Constitution of the United States by a vote of 193 to 75......Nov. 21, 1789

Dismal Swamp Canal, uniting the waters of Pasquotank and Elizabeth rivers, incorporated......1790

As authorized by act of the General Assembly of 1789, Samuel Johnston and Benjamin Hawkins, Senators from North Carolina, execute a deed to the United States in the words of the cession act of 1784, Feb. 25, 1790; Congress accepts it......April 2, 1790

General Assembly meets at the new city of Raleigh......Dec. 20, 1794

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, chartered in 1789, opened......Feb. 13, 1795

Col. James Glasgow, Secretary of State, tried and convicted for abetting issue of fraudulent land grants, and locating them in fraud of the Continental soldiers......1798

Joseph Gates establishes the Raleigh Register ......1799

Great revival of religion begun in Kentucky in 1801; spreads through Tennessee and North Carolina......1802

Bank of Cape Fear, with branches incorporated, the mother bank at Wilmington......1804

Gold discovered on Meadow Creek, in Carbarrus county, during the year 1801 or 1802. The first considerable amount sent to the United States mint was $11,000 during the year ......1814

State geological and mineralogical survey conducted by Prof. Denison Olmstead, of the University of North Carolina......1817

Reception to Lafayette at Murfreesboro......Feb. 26, 1825

Fund for public schools established by law......1825

State board of internal improvements established......1825

First toll-gate on the Buncombe turnpike from the Saluda Gap via Asheville to the Tennessee line, erected......October, 1827

John Branch, of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy......March 9, 1829

State-house, containing the statue of Washington by Canova, destroyed by fire......June 21, 1831

Railroad from Cape Fear to Weldon, 162 miles in length, to connect with a short road begun in 1832, is commenced......1833

Convention meets at Raleigh, June 4, 1835, frames amendments to the constitution of 1776 (ratified by the people by 26,771 to 21,606) and adjourns......July 11, 1835

Edward B. Dudley, first governor elected by the people, inaugurated......Jan. 1, 1837

United States branch mint at Charlotte begins operations......December, 1837

Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, incorporated in 1835, is completed......July 4, 1839

Raleigh and Wilmington Railroad, incorporated in 1833, completed and opened......March, 1840

George E. Badger, of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy......March 5, 1841

Gold discovered on the lands of Andrew Troutman in Rowan county, afterwards known as Gold Hill......1842

William A. Graham, of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy......July 22, 1850

Trinity College chartered and opened at Trinity College......1852

James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the Navy......March 7, 1853

Forts Caswell and Johnston, occupied by State troops unauthorized, Jan. 8, 1861, are ordered restored to the proper authorities by Governor Ellis......Jan. 12, 1861

Resolutions passed in the House, [482] unanimously, declaring that in case reconciliation between North and South fails, North Carolina goes with the slave-States......Feb. 4, 1861

Gov. John W. Ellis, in a telegram replying to the request for troops from the United States Secretary of War, says: “You can get no troops from North Carolina” ......April 15, 1861

Forts Caswell and Johnston seized by Confederates......April 16, 1861

United States branch mint at Charlotte seized by State......April 20, 1861

Arsenal at Fayetteville surrendered to the Confederates......April 22, 1861

Blockade of ports of Virginia and North Carolina proclaimed......April 27, 1861

State convention passes secession ordinance, revises State constitution, and ratifies the constitution of the Confederate States......May 20, 1861

Battle of Hatteras Inlet, forts Hatteras and Clark taken by Federals under General Butler and Commodore Stringham......Aug. 29, 1861

Union movement, soon after suppressed, begun by a convention in Hyde county, which declares independence of the State government, Oct. 12. A convention is called, which elects M. N. Taylor provisional governor, after declaring vacant all State offices......Nov. 18, 1861

Joint naval and military expedition against North Carolina under Flag-officer L. M. Goldsborough and General Burnside sails from Hampton Roads, January, 1862; engages in the battle of Roanoke Island, Feb. 8, and occupies Elizabeth City......Feb. 11, 1862

General Burnside defeats Confederate General Branch, and occupies Newbern. Federal loss, 100 killed, 500 wounded......March 14, 1862

Fort Macon surrenders to the Federals......April 26, 1862

Edward Stanley, commissioned by President Lincoln temporary governor of that part of North Carolina still under Federal control, arrives at Newbern......May 26, 1862

Battles at Kingston, Dec. 14, White Hall, Dec. 16, and Goldsboro......Dec. 17, 1862

The James City lands settled by negroes......1862

[After the war claimed by James A. Bryan, to whom they were awarded by the Supreme Court. Militia had to be called out to put him in possession—negroes sign leases for three years as a compromise.]

Plymouth surrendered by General Wessels to the Confederates under General Hoke......April 20, 1864

Naval battle of Albemarle Sound; the Sassacus defeats the Confederate ram Albemarle......May 5, 1864

Confederate ram Albemarle blown up by Lieutenant Cushing at Plymouth......Oct. 27, 1864

Plymouth recaptured by Commodore Macomb......Oct. 31, 1864

Fort Fisher bombarded by Admiral Porter, Dec. 24, and an attack by General Butler and Admiral Porter successfully repulsed......Dec. 25, 1864

Fort Fisher captured by Admiral Porter and General Terry......Jan. 15, 1865

Federals under General Cox capture Fort Anderson......Feb. 18, 1865

Wilmington captured by General Schofield......Feb. 22, 1865

Battles at Wise's Forks, March 8, at Fayetteville and at Kingston......March 10, 1865

General Sherman occupies Fayetteville, March 12, and destroys the arsenal......March 14, 1865

Sherman crosses the Cape Fear River, March 15; Federals under General Slocum defeat Confederates under Hardee in the battle of Averasboro, March 16; Sherman defeats Johnston at Bentonville, March 19; the armies of Sherman, Terry, and Schofield join at Goldsboro, March 23; Boone, N. C., is captured by Stoneman......March 28, 1865

Stoneman defeats Confederates under Pemberton at Grant's Creek, and captures Salisbury......April 12, 1865

Raleigh occupied by General Sherman......April 13, 1865

Sherman and Johnston meet at Durham station, April 17; they sign an agreement for peace, April 18; it is rejected at Washington, April 21; General Grant arrives at Raleigh......April 24, 1865

Gen. J. E. Johnston surrenders to Sherman; agreement signed at Bennett's house, near Durham station......April 26, 1865

Maj.-Gen. J. M. Schofield, appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, makes his headquarters at Raleigh......April, 1865 [483]

William W. Holden proclaimed provisional governor of the State by President Johnson......May 29, 1865

Maj.-Gen. Thomas H. Ruger succeeds Schofield in command of the Department of North Carolina......June, 1865

Convention called by Provisional Governor Holden meets at Raleigh, Oct. 2, repeals the ordinance of secession, adopts an ordinance prohibiting slavery, Oct. 9, and adjourns......Oct. 19, 1865

People ratify the repeal of the ordinance of secession by 20,506 to 2,002, and the ordinance prohibiting slavery by 19,039 to 3,039......Nov. 7, 1865

Governor Holden is relieved of his trust by President Johnson, and Governor Worth assumes office......Dec. 23, 1865

Convention of colored delegates meets at Raleigh to promote the mental and political elevation of their race......Oct. 1, 1866

Legislature passes an act “granting a general amnesty and pardon to all officers and soldiers of the State of North Carolina, or of the late Confederate States armies, or of the United States, for offences committed against the criminal laws of North Carolina” ......Dec. 22, 1866

Gen. D. E. Sickles assigned by the President to command the 2d Military District, North and South Carolina, with headquarters at Columbia......March 11, 1867

General Sickles removed, and Gen. Edward R. S. Canby appointed to the command......Aug. 26, 1867

Conservative mass-meeting at Raleigh define their aim “to ward off the dangers which threaten us from the success of the ultra-Republicans or Radical party in the State” ......Sept. 27, 1867

Convention called under the reconstruction acts of Congress by General Canby assembles at Raleigh, Jan. 14; frames a constitution and adjourns, March 16. Constitution is ratified by a popular vote of 93,118 to 74,009......April, 1868

North Carolina readmitted into the Union......June 25, 1868

Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States rejected by North Carolina, Dec. 4, 1866, is ratified by legislature......July 4, 1868

Legislature ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment......March 5, 1869

Acts of violence by secret organizations in Lenoir, Jones, Orange, and Chatham counties lead Governor Holden to issue a proclamation of admonition and warning......Oct. 20, 1869

Owing to alleged outrages of the “Kuklux,” Governor Holden proclaims Alamance county in a state of insurrection, March 7, 1870, and Caswell county, July 8, and sends militia into the disturbed counties under Colonel Kirk......July, 1870

Colonel Kirk arrests persons implicated in deeds of violence; writs of habeas corpus are issued by Chief-Justice Pearson, but Colonel Kirk refuses to produce four of his prisoners, July 16; during proceedings in the State and United States courts Governor Holden orders Colonel Kirk to obey the writs......Aug. 19, 1870

Governor Holden impeached of malfeasance in office, Dec. 14, 1870; convicted and removed from office......March 22, 1871

Eight amendments to the constitution ratified by the people, one for biennial meetings of the legislature......Aug. 7, 1873

Act passed for amnesty and pardon to members of secret or other organizations known as Heroes of America, Loyal Union League, Red Strings, Constitutional Union Guards, Whitebrother, Invisible Empire, Ku-klux klan, North Carolina State troops, North Carolina militia, and Jayhawkers......1873

Chang and Eng, the Siamese twins, born at Bangesau, Siam, April 15, 1811, die at their home, near Mount Airy......Jan. 17, 1874

Local option law passed......1874

Gov. Tod R. Caldwell dies at Hillsboro, and is succeeded by Lieut.-Gov. Curtis H. Brogden......July 17, 1874

Shaw University at Raleigh chartered......1875

Act changing the day for State elections passed......1875

Bureau of agriculture, immigration, and statistics established......1875

Constitutional convention meets at Raleigh, Sept. 6; adjourns Oct. 12. Constitution ratified at the State election by 122,912 to 108,829......1875

Biddle University at Charlotte chartered......1877

State industrial association organized by colored people......1879

Prohibition bill, passed to take effect [484] Oct. 1, 1881, if ratified by people, is lost by 48,370 votes to 166,325......Aug. 1, 1881

Survey of State oyster-beds, covering 1,307,000 acres, by Department of Agriculture aided by federal government.1886

Convention representing nearly all Southern States east of the Mississippi at Hot Springs under the auspices of the Southern railroad and steamship companies, to promote immigration, resolve to establish Southern immigration association, headquarters in New York......April 25, 1888

Annual meeting of the Inter-State Farmers' Association held at Raleigh......Aug. 21, 1888

School law revised, requiring schoolbooks recommended by the State board of education, and giving funds hitherto devoted to normal schools for white teachers, for county teachers' institutes......1889

Confederate pension laws of 1885 amended, increasing the pension funds......1889

Negro exodus, fostered by emigration agents from Western States, depopulates North Carolina nearly 50,000......1889

Laws creating a railroad commission and regulating charges and management; locating a school for white deafand-dumb children at Morganton; establishing a normal and industrial school for girls at Greensboro; declaring the birthday of Robert E. Lee (Jan. 19) a legal holiday; establishing a normal school for the colored race at Elizabeth City; and incorporating a soldiers' home for needy Confederate soldiers at Camp Russell, near Raleigh. Session begins Jan. 8 and closes......March 9, 1891

Gov. Daniel G. Fowle dies suddenly of apoplexy at Raleigh, April 7, and Lieut. Gov. Thomas Holt is sworn in......April 8, 1891

Southern inter-State exposition opens at Raleigh......Oct. 1, 1891

Ex-Gov. William Worth Holden dies at Raleigh, aged seventy-four......March 1, 1892

Col. L. L. Polk, president of the National Farmers' Alliance, dies at Washington, D. C.......June 11, 1892

Attempted lynching at Bakersville; eleven of the sheriff's posse killed......Jan. 4, 1893

New State seal ordered......1893

Zebulon B. Vance, United States Senator, dies at Washington, aged sixty-four......April 14, 1894

Race riots at Wilmington......Nov. 10, 1898

The Dismal Swamp opened......Oct. 14, 1899

Amendment to the constitution regulating the suffrage went into effect......July 1, 1901

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Guilford (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Greensboro (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Grant's Creek (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Gold Hill, Storey County, Nevada (Nevada, United States) (1)
France (France) (1)
Fort Macon (North Carolina, United States) (1)
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Dismal Swamp Canal (United States) (1)
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Chapel Hill, N. C. (North Carolina, United States) (1)
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Camp Russell (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Boone, N. C. (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Bluff Point (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Bertie (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Bentonville (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Bakersville (Maryland, United States) (1)
Averasboro (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Arkansas (Arkansas, United States) (1)
Alamance (North Carolina, United States) (1)
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (1)

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