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Van Horne, Thomas B.

Military officer; conspicuous in the War of 1812-15. In August, 1812, Governor Meigs sent Captain Brush with men, cattle, provisions, and a mail for Hull's army. At the Raisin River, Brush sent word to Hull that he had information that a body of Indians under Tecumseh was lying in wait for him near Brownstown, at the mouth of the Huron River, 25 miles below Detroit, and he asked the general to send down a detachment of soldiers as an escort. Hull ordered Major Van Home, of Colonel Findlay's regiment, with 200 men, to join Brush, and escort him and his treasures to headquarters. The major crossed the Detroit from Hull's forces in Canada, Aug. 4. On the morning of the

Thomas B. Van Horne.

5th, while the detachment was moving cautiously, Van Horne was told by a Frenchman that several hundred Indians lay in ambush near Brownstown. Accustomed to alarmists, he did not believe the story, and pushed forward his men in two columns, when they were fired upon from both sides by Indians concealed in the thickets and woods. The attack was sudden, sharp, and deadly, and the troops were thrown into confusion. Apprehensive that he might be surrounded, Van Horne ordered a retreat. The Indians pursued, and a running fight was kept up for some distance, the Americans frequently turning upon the savage foe and giving them deadly volleys. The mail carried by the Americans was lost, and fell into the hands of the British at Fort Malden, by which most valuable information concerning the army under Hull was revealed, for officers and soldiers had written freely to their friends at home. The Americans lost seventeen killed and several wounded, who were left behind.

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