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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 10 10 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, Illyrian Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER V (search)
ll the towns he found on his way. While he was besieging the city of Setovia a force of barbarians came to its assistance, which he met and prevented from entering the place. In this conflict he was struck by a stone on the knee and was confined for several days. When he recovered he returned to Rome to perform the duties of the consulship with Volcatius Tullus, his colleague, leaving Statilius Taurus to finish the war. Y.R. 721 Entering upon his new consulship on the Calends B.C. 33 of January, and delivering the government to Autronius Pætus the same day, he started back to Dalmatia at once, the triumvirate still existing; for two years remained of the second five-year period which the triumvirs themselves had ordained and the people confirmed. And now the Dalmatians, oppressed by hunger and cut off from foreign supplies, met him on the road and delivered themselves up with supplications, giving 700 of their children as hostages, as Augustus demanded, and also the Roman
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK VII. We here enter upon the third division of Pliny's Natural History, which treats of Zoology, from the 7th to the 11th inclusive. Cuvier has illustrated this part by many valuable notes, which originally appeared in Lemaire's Bibliotheque Classique, 1827, and were afterwards incorporated, with some additions, by Ajasson, in his translation of Pliny, published in 1829; Ajasson is the editor of this portion of Pliny's Natural History, in Lemaire's Edition.—B. MAN, HIS BIRTH, HIS ORGANIZATION, AND THE INVENTION OF THE ARTS., CHAP. 46.—THE MISFORTUNES OF AUGUSTUS. (search)
he empress Livia. A child born after her dis- grace, was, by order of Augustus, exposed as spurious. She is supposed by some to be the Corinna of Ovid's amatory poems. to which there were added numerous other evils, such as the want of money to pay his soldiers; the revolt of Illyria;He probably alludes to the rising of some tribes in the provinces on the north-eastern coast of the Adriatic, in B.C. 35, who refused to pay their tribute. They were finally vanquished by Statilius Taurus, B.C. 33. the necessity of levying the slaves; the sad deficiency of young men;After the defeat of his general Varus, by Arminius, in Germany. the pestilence that raged in the City;This pestilence is also mentioned by Dion Cassius; it took place A.U.C. 732.—B. the famine in Italy; the design which he had formed of putting an end to his life, and the fast of four days, which brought him within a hair's breadth of death. And then, added to all this, the slaughter of Varus;We have an account of the disast
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ANIO VETUS (search)
oncipitur .. supra Tibur vicesimo miliario extra portam ... R Ra... nam (so the MSS.), is therefore quite uncertain. He gives it a length of 43,000 paces, for all of which (except 221) it ran underground, no doubt for strategic reasons; and it is sixth in order of level. But the cippi of Augustus seem to make the length even greater (8 kilometres against 63.7), and the line may have been shortened in Frontinus' day (i. 18). It was repaired by Q. Marcius Rex (see AQUA MARCIA), by Agrippa in 33 B.C., and by Augustus in 11-4 B.C. It acquired the name of Vetus when the Anio Novus was built. Frontinus found the amount of water at the intake to be 4398 quinariae, or 182,517 cubic metres in 24 hours. We have several cippi of Augustus, some of which, together with a long stretch of its channel going northwards from the porta Esquilina, have been found within the city (LF 17, 23, 32); the reckoning, as usual, beginning from Rome (CIL vi. 1243; cf. 31558; xiv. 4079, 4080, 4083, 4084; BC 1899,
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA IULIA (search)
AQUA IULIA * an aqueduct constructed by Agrippa in 33 B.C. and repaired by Augustus in 11-4 B.C. (Frontinus, de aquis i. 4, 9, 18, 19; ii. 68, 69, 76, 83, 125; Not. app. ; Pol. Silv. 545, 546). The springs of the aqua Iulia are situated about half a mile above the abbey of Grottaferrata. Frontinus says that they were 2 miles to the right of the twelfth mile of the via Latina, but this is too far. The length is given as 15,4261 paces. The supply was 1206 quinariae, or 50,043 cubic metres in 24 hours. (162 quinariae more were received from the Claudia; and 190 given to the Tepula.) Several cippi are known, all of the time of Augustus. No. 302 has been found near the springs and 281 not far below the abbey; while others (157, 156, 154, 153) have come to light at Capannelle near the seventh mile of the via Latina, before the channel begins to run above ground upon the arches of the Marcia (CIL vi. 31563 b=xiv. 4278; NS 1887, 73, 82, 558, 559; 1914, 68; 19
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA MARCIA (search)
p. iii. 2. 14; Strabo v. 3. 13. p. 240; Vitruv. viii. 3. 1; Tac. Ann. xiv. 22; Plin. NH cit. and xxxi. 41; Martial vi. 42. 18; ix. 18. 6; Stat. Silv. i. 3. 66; 5. 27 ; Not. app.; Pol. Silv. 545, 546; CIL vi. 1245-1251, 31559-31563; xiv. 4074-4078, 4081; Mon. Anc. iv. 11, 12). Two arches of this aqueduct may be represented on a coin of C. Marcius Censorinus (circa 87 B.C.; BM Rep. i. 301. 2419), and five arches on coins of L. Marcius Philippus (ib. 485. 3890-5). It was repaired by Agrippa in 33 B.C. and again by Augustus, with the rest of the aqueducts, between 11 and 4 B.C. (rivos aquarum omnium refecit, in the inscription (CIL vi. 1244) of the latter year on the monumental arch by which it was carried over the via Tiburtina, later incorporated in the Aurelian wall as part of the PORTA TIBURTINA (q.v.); see BC 1917, 207-215). Numerous cippi belonging to this restoration (CIL vi. 1250, 1251 (= 31562); add 509 (unpublished) 803 (CIL vi. 31570 c) Identical with CIL vi. 1250 a; xiv. 408
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA TEPULA (search)
AQUA TEPULA * an aqueduct constructed in 125 B.C. (Plin. NH xxxvi. 121 wrongly says that it was repaired by Q. Marcius Rex; Frontinus, de aquis i. 4, 8, 9, 18, 19; ii. 67-69, 82, 125; Not. app.; Pol. Silv. 545, 546). Its springs were two miles to the right of the tenth mile of the via Latina, where a tepid spring, the Acqua Preziosa, still exists (PBS v. 222); but no remains of its original channel have ever been found. In 33 B.C. Agrippa mixed its water with that of the aqua Iulia; and from that time onwards its channel entered the city on the arches of the AQUA MARCIA (q.v.). In Frontinus' time its intake was considered as beginning from the reservoir of the aqua Iulia, where it received 190 quinariae, then 92 from the Marcia, and 163 from the Anio Novus at the horti Epaphroditiani, making 445 quinariae in all, or 18,467 cubic metres in 24 hours. See LA 293-314; LR 52, 53.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA VIRGO (search)
AQUA VIRGO * an aqueduct completed by Agrippa on 9th June 19 B.C. (Ovid, Fast. i. 464; ex Pont. i. 8. 38; Frontinus, de aquis i. 4, 10, 18, 22; ii. 70,84; Seneca, Ep. 83. 5; Mart. v. 20. 9; vi. 42. 18; vii. 32. 11; xi. 47. 6; Plin. NH xxxi. 42; xxxvi. 121, who is in error in attributing it to 33 B.C., and in associating the rivus Herculaneus with it; see AQUA MARCIA; Stat. Silv. i. 5. 26; Cass. Dio liv. 11; Not. app.; Pol. Silv. 545, 546; Cassiodor. Var. vii. 6; CIL vi. 1252-1254; 31564, 31565; NS 1910, 547). The springs were situated at the eighth mile of the via Collatina, i.e. two miles to the left of the eighth mile of the via Praenestina, in agro Lucullano (PBS i. 139, 143), and produced 2504 quinariae or 103,916 cubic metres in 24 hours. The subterranean course was 12,865 paces long, and 540 paces were carried on substructions. A girl is said to have shown the springs to some soldiers, hence the name; the incident was recorded by a painting in a chapel near the springs (Fron
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CIRCUS MAXIMUS (search)
ibus spatio circi ab utraque parte producto et in gyrum euripo addito... venationes editae... quingenis peditibus elephantis vicenis tricenis equitibus hinc et inde commissis. nam quo laxius dimicaretur, sublatae metae inque earum locum bina castra exadversum constituta erant). This passage seems to mean that Caesar lengthened the circus and removed the goals temporarily, but does not justify the conclusion (HJ 123) that up to this time there had been no permanent section of the spina. In 33 B.C. Agrippa placed on the spina seven dolphins, probably of bronze, which served with the ova to indicate the laps of the races (Cass. Dio xlix. 43. 2). How extensive and how permanent the circus had become before the Augustan period, it is impossible to say. In 31 B.C. a fire destroyed a considerable part of it (Cass. Dio 1. 10. 3). Augustus himself records only the construction or restoration of the pulvinar ad circum maximum (Mon. Anc. iv. 4), a sort of box on the Palatine side of the circus
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CLOACA MAXIMA (search)
CLOACA MAXIMA a sewer constructed, according to tradition, by Tarquinius Superbus to drain the forum and the valleys between the hills (Liv. i. 38. 6; 56. 2; Dion. iii. 67. 5; iv. 44. 1; Strabo v. 8; Plin. NH xxxvi. 104, who gives an eloquent description of it, lasting as it did almost unimpaired to his own day, and mentions that the whole system was inspected by Agrippa during his aedileship (33 B.C.), ut paulo ante retulimus [this passage is lost] urbe pensili subterque navigata M. Agrippae in aedilitate post consulatum). Cf. Cass. Dio xlix. 43. Cf. also vir. ill. 8. 3 (Tarquinius Superbus) cloacam maximam fecit, ubi totius populi viribus usus est, unde illae fossae Quiritium sunt dictae; Georg. Cedren i. 260, ed. Bonn. kai\ ta\s u(pono/mous ta/frous d) w(=v e)pi\ to\n *ti/berin to\ e\k tw=n stenwpw=n u(/dwr o)xeteu/etai. . . kateskeu/asen; CIL vi. 7882; faber lectarius ab clo(a)ca maxima. Even in the time of Theodoric the cloacae of Rome were objects of wonder (Cassiod. Var. i
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTICUS OCTAVIA (search)
PORTICUS OCTAVIA built by Cn. Octavius in 168 B.C. to commemorate a naval victory over Perseus of Macedonia (Fest. 178; Veil. ii. I). It stood between the theatre of Pompeius and the circus Flaminius, and was also called porticus Corinthia from its bronze Corinthian capitals (Plin. NH xxxiv. 13), perhaps the earliest instance of the use of this order in Rome (for a possible identification with remains in the Via S. Nicola ai Cesarini, and representation in the Marble Plan (frg. 140), see BC 1918, 151-155). Augustus restored the building in 33 B.C. (Mon. Anc. iv. 3), and placed within it the standards which he had taken from the Dalmatians (App. Illyr. 28: Cass. Dio xlix. 43, where there is confusion between this and the porticus Octaviae). It was called multo amoenissima (Vell. loc. cit.), but has left no traces (HJ 488-489; AR 1909, 77).
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