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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Aristophanes, Acharnians (ed. Anonymous) 3 3 Browse Search
Andocides, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 436 BC or search for 436 BC in all documents.

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p. 3.) This act is mentioned by later writers as an example of ancient heroism, and is frequently referred to by Cicero in terms of the highest admiration (in Catil. i l, pro Mil. 3, Cato, 16); but it was in reality a case of murder, and was so regarded at the time. Ahala was brought to trial, and only escaped condemnation by a voluntary exile. (V. Max. 5.3.2; Cic. de Rep. 1.3, pro Dom. 32.) Livy passes over this, and only mentions (4.21), that a bill was brought in three years afterwards, B. C. 436, by another Sp. Maelius, a tribune, for confiscating the property of Ahala, but that it failed. A representation of Ahala is given on a coin of M. Brutus, the murderer of Caesar, but we cannot suppose it to be anything more than an imaginary likeness. M. Brutus pretended that he was descended from L. Brutus, the first consul, on his father's side, and from C. Ahala on his mother's, and thus was sprung from two tyrannicides. (Comp. Cic. Att. 13.40.) The head of Brutus on the annexed coin
Ando'cides (*)Andoki/dhs), one of the ten Attic orators, whose works were contained in the Alexandrine Canon, was the son of Leogoras, and was born at Athens in B. C. 467. He belonged to the ancient eupatrid family of the Ceryces, who traced their pedigree up to Odysseus and the god Hermes. (Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 834b., Alcib. 21 ; comp. Andoc. de Redit. § 26; de Myster. § 141.) Being a noble, he of course joined the oligarchical party at Athens, and through their influence obtained, in B. C. 436, together with Glaucon, the command of a fleet of twenty sail, which was to protect the Corcyraeans against the Corinthians. (Thuc. 1.51; Plut. Vit. X. Orat. l.c.) After this he seems to have been employed on various occasions as ambassador to Thessaly, Macedonia, Molossia, Thesprotia, Italy, and Sicily (Andoc. c. Alcib. § 41); and, although he was frequently attacked for his political opinions (c. Alcib. § 8), he yet maintained his ground, until in B. C. 415, when he became involved in the<
Aristeus 2. A Corinthian, son of Pellichus, one of the commanders of the Corinthian fleet sent against Epidamnus, B. C. 436. (Thuc. 1.29.)
Callon 2. A native of Elis, who sculptured a Hermes at Olympia (Paus. 5.27.5) and a chorus of thirty-five Messenian boys, together with their leader and the flute-player, who had all perished on the passage from Messana to Rhegium. The whole group was dedicated by the Messenians at Olympia. (Paus. 5.25.1.) Callon must have lived before B. C. 436. (Thiersch, Epoch. Anm. p. 62.) [W. I.]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Papi'rius 2. L. Papirius Crassus was consul in B. C. 436 with M. Cornelius Maluginensis. They led armies against Veii and Falerii, but as no enemy appeared in the field, the Romans contented themselves with plundering and ravaging the open country. (Liv. 4.21; Diod. 12.41.) Crassus was censor in B. C. 424.
bringing him on the stage by name (yh/fisma tou= mh\ kwmfdei=n o)nomasti/, Schol. Arist. Acharn. 67; Meineke, Hist. Crit. p. 40). This law remained in force for the two following years, and was annulled in the archonship of Euthymenes. (B. C. 437-436.) Another restriction, which probably belongs to about the same time, was the law that no Areopagite should write comedies. (Plut. Bell. an Pac. praest. Ath. p. 348c.) From B. C. 436 the old comedy flourished in its highest vigour, till a series oB. C. 436 the old comedy flourished in its highest vigour, till a series of attacks was made upon it by a certain Syracosius, who is suspected, with great probability, of having been suborned by Alcibiades. This Syracosius carried a law, mh\ kwmw|dei=sqai o)nomasti/ tina, probably about B. C. 416-415, which did not, however, remain in force long. (Schol. Arist. Av. 1297.) A similar law is said to have been carried by Antimachus, but this is perhaps a mistake. (Schol. Arist. Acharn. 1149 ; Meineke, p. 41.) That the brief aristocratical revolution of 411 B. C. affected
He was a poet and a philosopher, who throughout antiquity was regarded as an atheist (a)/qeos). With the exception of this one point, we possess only very scanty information concerning his life and literary activity. All that is known is carefully collected by M. H. E. Meier (in Ersch. u. Gruber's Allgem. Encyclop. xxiv. pp. 439-448). The age of this remarkable man can be determined only in a general way by the fact of his being called a disciple of Democritus of Abdera, who taught about B. C. 436. But the circumstance that, besides Bacchylides (about B. C. 435), Pindar also is called his contemporary, is a manifest anachronism, as has been already observed by Brandis. (Gesch. d. Griech. Röm. Philos. i. p. 341.) Nearly all the ancient authorities agree that Melos was his native place, and Tatian, a late Christian writer, who calls him an Athenian, does so probably for no other reason but because Athens was the principal scene of the activity of Diagoras. (Tatian, Orat. adv. Graec. p
Iso'crates (*)Isokra/ths). 1. A celebrated Attic orator and rhetorician, was the son of Theodorus, and born at Athens in B. C. 436. Theodorus was a man of considerable wealth, and had a manufacture of flutes or musical instruments, for which the son was often ridiculed by the comic poets of the time; but the father made good use of his property, in procuring for the young Isocrates the best education that could be obtained : the most celebrated sophists are mentioned among his teachers, such as Tisias, Gorgias, Prodicus, and also Socrates and Theramenes. (Dionys. Isocrat. 1; Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 836; Suidas, s. v. *)Isokra/ths; Anonym. *Bi/os *)Isokra/tous, in Westermann's *Biogra/foi, p. 253; Phot. Bibl. Cod. 260.) Isocrates was naturally timid, and of a weakly constitution, for which reasons he abstained from taking any direct part in the political affairs of his country, and resolved to contribute towards the development of eloquence by teaching and writing, and thus to guide
Mae'lius 2. SP. MAELIUS, tribune of the plebs B. C. 436, brought in a bill for confiscating the property of Ahala, but it failed. (Liv. 4.21.) Livy makes no other mention of the punishment of Ahala; but it is stated on other authorities, as is mentioned above, that Ahala was brought to trial, and only escaped condemnation by a voluntary exile. (V. Max. 5.3.2; comp. Cic. de Rep. i. 3, pro Dom. 32.)
Maluginensis 4. M. Cornelius Maluginensis, M. F., consul B. C. 436 with L. Papirius Crassus. (Liv. 4.21; Diod. 12.46.)
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