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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dyer, Mary, (search)
Dyer, Mary, Quaker martyr; was the wife of a leading citizen of Rhode Island. Having embraced the doctrines and discipline of the Friends, or Quakers, she became an enthusiast, and went to Boston, whence some of her sect had been banished, to give her testimony to the truth. In that colony the death penalty menaced those who should return after banishment. Mary was sent away and returned, and was released while going to the gallows with Marmaduke Stevenson with a rope around her neck. She unwillingly returned to her family in Rhode Island; but she went back to Boston again for the purpose of offering up her life to the cause she advocated, and she was hanged in 1660. Mary had once been whipped on her bare back through the streets of Boston, tied behind a cart.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quakers. (search)
and State, railing at the functionaries from windows as they passed by. More and more severe were the laws passed against the Quakers. They were banished on pain of death. Three of them who returned were led to the scaffold—two young men and Mary Dyer, widow of the secretary of state of Rhode Island. The young men were hanged; Mary was reprieved and sent back to Rhode Island. The next spring she returned to Boston, defied the laws, and was hanged. The severity of the laws caused a revulsie was subjected to other cruel treatment at the hands of the governor, until the Dutch people, as well as the English, cried Shame! There were no other persecutions of the Friends in New Netherland after Hodgson's release. The executions of Mary Dyer in 1660 and William Leddra in 1661, both in Boston, caused an amazing addition to the number of converts to Quakerism. The same year monthly meetings were established in several places in New England, and not long afterwards quarterly meetings
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rogers, Horatio 1836- (search)
Rogers, Horatio 1836- Jurist; born in Providence, R. I., May 18, 1836; graduated at Brown University in 1855; admitted to the bar in 1858; was in the National army during the Civil War, rising from first lieutenant to brevet brigadier-general; appointed justice of the Supreme Court of Rhode Island in 1891. He is the author of Private libraries of Providence, and Mary Dyer of Rhode Island; and the editor of Hadden's journal and Orderly books.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
on of the General Court a penalty of £ 100 was imposed upon the master of any ship bringing Quakers within the jurisdiction; and all brought in were to be sent to jail, given twenty stripes, and kept at work until transported......Oct. 4, 1656 [Plymouth, Connecticut, and the Dutch at Manhattan (but not the government at Providence, R. I.) adopt similar laws.] William Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson hanged as returned Quakers......Oct. 27, 1659 Town of Hadley settled......1659 Mary Dyer was to be hanged (as a Quaker) with Robinson and Stevenson, but through the pleadings of her son she was reprieved and again banished; returning again to Massachusetts, she is hanged......June 1, 1660 Charles II. restored......May 29, 1660 Edward Whalley and William Goffe, the regicides, arrive at Boston......July 27, 1660 Hugh Peters executed in England......1660 General Court forbids celebration of Christmas under a penalty of 5s......1660 William Ledea is tried, convicte
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rhode Island, (search)
Coddington, but the mainland towns, in legislative session, elect John Smith president, and appoint other officers. They enact that no man, negro or white, shall be held to service more than ten years after coming into the colony......May, 1652 General Assembly in Providence passes a libel law, also an alien law; no foreigner to be received as a freeman or to trade with Indians but by consent of the Assembly......October, 1652 William Dyer, secretary of the province, and husband of Mary Dyer (afterwards executed in Boston as a Quaker), arrives from England with news of the repeal of Coddington's power......Feb. 18, 1653 Assembly of island towns, Portsmouth and Newport, restore code of 1647, and elect John Sandford as president......May 17-18, 1653 Providence and Warwick with Portsmouth and Newport in one General Assembly re-establish code of 1647, forbid sale of liquors to Indians, and prohibit French and Dutch trade with them......Aug. 31, 1654 Pawtuxet men withdraw
s censured by the magistrates and dismissed from office in 1655. This shameless Dunster had publicly denounced the practice of infant baptism as unscriptural. In spite of august synods, in spite of the vigilancy of Mr. Shepard and other learned parsons, it was impossible to keel the serpent of heresy out of this New World Eden. Had not those froward Quakers persisted in leaving Rhode Island, where they were hospitably treated, and coming to Boston, where they were not wanted? There was Mary Dyer, who had lately been hanged on Boston Common because she would not go away when told to; and then came Elizabeth Horton to disturb the peace of Cambridge by crying through the streets that the Lord was coming with fire and sword to judge his people, nor would she desist till she was flogged out of town at the cart's tail. Still worse: there was Benanuel Bowers, gentleman and land-owner (up north, near the Charlestown line), whom no threats could restrain from declaring himself a Baptist,
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 1: travellers and explorers, 1583-1763 (search)
onies. This same overwhelming impulse drove into these colonies, half a century after their permanent establishment, a succession of groups of wanderers whose peregrinations left a broad and often bloodstained trail the length of the continent and seaward to the islands. The men and women who made up these groups, called in derision Quakers, wrote as freely as they discoursed, and the spirit that animated them brooked no interference with either speech or progress. The names of several, Mary Dyer, Marmaduke Stevenson, and George Fox, whom Roger Williams digg'd out of his Burrowes, to wit Edward Burroughs, are better known, but none of them wrote more forcefully than Alice Curwen. In the year 1660, hearing of the great Tribulation that the Servants of the Lord did suffer in Boston, of cruel Whippings, of Bonds and Imprisonments, yea, to the laying down of their natural Lives, Mistress Curwen felt the call to go and profess in that bloody town. Having this testimony sealed in my he
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Index. (search)
5 Dubourg, Jacques Barbeu, 119 Duche, Rev., Jacob, 216 Dudley, Thomas, 154 Dulany, Daniel, 130, 131 Dunciad, the, 118, 171, 174 Dunlap, William, 219-220, 219 n., 223 n., 224, 226, 228, 228 n., 231, 232, 288 Dunlap Soc. Pub., 216 n., 225 n. Dunster, John, 156 Dunton, John, 54 Durang, C., 221, 221 n., 223 n., 226, 226 n., 231 n. Dutchman's fireside, the, 311 Dwight, Theodore, 164 Dwight, Timothy, 156, 163-165, 167, 172, 175, 187, 190, 191, 208, 212, 233, 292 Dyer, Mary, 8 Dying Indian, the, 183 E Early American realism, 289 Early opera in America, 216 n. Early plays at Harvard, 216 n. Early Virginia play, an, 216 n. Echo, the, 175, 261 Edgar Huntly, 291 Edict by the King of Prussia, an, 98, 102 Edinburgh review, the, 90, 206, 207 Edwards, Jonathan, 9, 57-71, 72, 73, 76, 80, 85, 104, 163, 284, 329, 330, 348, 355, 356 Eighth of January, the, 222, 226 Elegy on the times, 171 Elementa Philosophica, 81, 84, 85, 85 n. E
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays, The Puritan minister. (search)
soned the missionaries, though the Sultan (lid not. But meanwhile the Quaker women in New England might be walking to execution with their male companions — like Mary Dyer in Boston — under an armed guard of two hundred, led on by a minister seventy years old, and the fiercer for every year. When they asked Mary Dyer, Are you not Mary Dyer, Are you not ashamed to walk thus hand in hand between two young men? she answered, No, this is to me an hour of the greatest joy I could enjoy in this world. No tongue could utter and no heart understand the sweet influence of the Spirit which now I feel. Then they placed her on the scaffold, and covered her face with a handkerchief which in Greek characters in their old almanacs quaint little English verses on the death of some beloved child. That identical Priest Wilson, who made the ballad at Mary Dyer's execution, attended a military muster one day. Sir, said some one, I'll tell you a great thing: here's a mighty body of people, and there's not seven of them a
dcarts no longer allowed to stand in State st., Oct. 4, 1809 Hanged William S. Schouler, for murder, Sep. 28, 1637 Dorothy Talbe, an insane woman, Dec. 10, 1638 James Britton and Mary Latham, for murder, Mar. 21, 1643 William Franklin, for murder, Apr. 8, 1644 Margaret Jones, for witchcraft, June 15, 1648 Anna Hibbins, for witchcraft, March, 1656 Robinson and Stephenson, Antimonians, Oct. 20, 1659 William Ledro, for being a Quaker, Mar. 16, 1659 Hanged Mary Dyer, for being a Quakeress, June 1, 1660 John Littlejohn, for murder, Sep. 22, 1675 About 30 Indian prisoners-of-war, Aug., 1676 Capt. James Hawkins, and seven pirates, Jan. 27, 1689 David Wallace, for murder, Sep. 13, 1713 Margaret Callahan, for murder, June 4, 1715 Two pirates on the Common, Nov. 30, 1717 Fly and Granville, two pirates, July 7, 1726 A young negro, for murder, May 17, 1751 William Wier, for murder, Nov. 19, 1754 Lewis Ames, for robbery, Oct. 21,
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