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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
r of the slain general. An attempt was made to capture Fort Gilmer, a little further on, but the assailants were repulsed with a loss of about three hundred men. In the mean time Birney had moved out from Deep Bottom to assail the works on Spring Hill of New Market Heights. Three thousand colored troops of the Eighteenth Corps, under General Charles Paine, were put in column of division by General Butler, and sent in the advance. They pushed rapidly forward, drove in the Confederate pickets, and proceeded to assail a redoubt on Spring Hill. This was a strong work, with a tangled marsh, and a brook fringed with trees, that traversed it on the front; and it was further defended by abatis. These obstacles were little hinderance to the eager troops. They swept across the marsh and the stream, scaled the height, carried the work at the point of the bayonet, and thus secured Sept. 29, 1864. the key-point to the Confederate defenses in that quarter. Because of its importance it was