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Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 5: secession. (search)
outh ought to take its stand upon the outer verge of its just rights, and there resist aggression, if necessary, by the sword; that, while it should do nothing beyond the limits of strict righteousness to provoke bloodshed, yet any surrender of principle whatever, to such adversaries as ours, would be mischievous. In the Fall of 1859, the first angry drops of the deluge of blood which was approaching, fell upon the soil of Virginia. The event known as the John Brown Raid occurred at Harper's Ferry, in which that Border assassin endeavored to excite a servile insurrection and civil war, from that point. He and all his accomplices, save one, were either slain, or expiated their crime upon the scaffold. As his rescue was loudly threatened, a military force was mustered at Charleston, the seat of justice for Jefferson county, to protect the officers of the law in the exercise of their functions. Virginia then had scarcely any regular force, except the cadets of her military school
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 6: first campaign in the Valley. (search)
nia forces, and ordered to take command at Harper's Ferry. The next day this appointment was sent tction; and the other was, the desertion of Harper's Ferry. This little village, which events having southward to Winchester, diverges from Harper's Ferry, and ascends the valley of the Shenandoah. turned to the value of the arms stored at Harper's Ferry, because they were precisely what Virginia About this time, there were assembled at Harper's Ferry, 2100 Virginian troops, with 400 Kentuckiamined, if necessary, to die at his post at Harper's Ferry, in order to elevate the spirit of Southerled him. Not long after he took command at Harper's Ferry, a dignified and friendly Committee of theWhen General Johnston, however, arrived at Harper's Ferry, and claimed to relieve Colonel Jackson ofing destroyed the great railroad bridge at Harper's Ferry, and the factories of the Government, and cross the streams, between Martinsburg and Harper's Ferry, were by this time burned. So desirable d[12 more...]
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 7: Manassas. (search)
7: Manassas. The movement of General Johnston from Harper's Ferry to Winchester was dictated, not only by the circumstanuring the month of July, while General Johnston was at Harper's Ferry, the victorious forces of McClellan would have been inhe Baltimore Railroad offered ready means; while, from Harper's Ferry to Manassa's Junction, General Johnston must have travral Johnston's rear to them equally whether he were at Harper's Ferry or at Winchester, and at once required the evacuation ffected, when he sluggishly drew off his hosts towards Harper's Ferry. As soon as the troops had gone three miles from Wincailroad, which lies on the territory of Virginia, from Harper's Ferry westward, and to employ it as the line of operations fme should re-occupy the lower Valley about Winchester, Harper's Ferry, and Martinsburg, and, making it his base, push his popeech, but simply to say farewell. I first met you at Harper's Ferry in the commencement of this war, and I cannot take lea
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 8: winter campaign in the Valley. 1861-62. (search)
nst the enemy, was the whole line of the Potomac, from Harper's Ferry to its source in the mountain last named, and from thart, and neighboring points, were as many more. Beyond Harper's Ferry, General Banks was organizing a force of 26,000 men, fthe centre to which great thoroughfares converge, from Harper's Ferry on the northeast, from Martinsburg and Williamsport onmpany of cavalry, had assisted at the first capture of Harper's Ferry, and, during the summer campaign of 1861, had distingurupted the great railroad, by destroying the bridge at Harper's Ferry, and the whole track to Martinsburg, the Federal authoy reconsidered. On the 25th of February he crossed at Harper's Ferry with 4000 men, and by the 4th of March had establishedlds, had now collected about 36,000 men at that place, Harper's Ferry and Martinsburg. A General of less genius than Jacion some artillery upon the mountain there overlooking Harper's Ferry, so as to make the ferry across the stream so hazardou
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 10: Kernstown. (search)
ursuit, that his scouts privately penetrated the town of Winchester, and communicated with the citizens. The latter, knowing that many regiments had been sent towards Manassa's, by Snicker's Gap, and seeing very few remaining near the town, assisted to confirm him in the impression of the paucity of the enemy's numbers. He accordingly sent back to General Jackson the assurance that there were but four regiments of infantry occupying Winchester, and that they were preparing to return to Harper's Ferry: which encouraged him, in turn, to push forward his whole force on the morning of the 23d. But the alarmed enemy had advanced all the forces encamped below the town, and had sent couriers to recall all those which were on their march towards Manassa's. When the General, therefore, reached Barton's Mills, five miles from the town, at noon of that day, he found Ashby pressed back to the highlands south of Kernstown, and confronted by considerable masses of the enemy. It was the Sabba
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 12: Winchester. (search)
Capital with despatches explaining his views. The decision of the government was, that he should press the enemy at Harper's Ferry, threaten an invasion of Maryland, and an assault upon the Federal capital, and thus make the most energetic diversioigade again in advance. Charlestown is a handsome village, the seat of justice of Jefferson county, eight miles from Harper's Ferry. When about five miles from the former place, General Winder received information that the enemy was in possession o the 2nd regiment, Virginia infantry, was sent to Loudon heights, with the hope of being able to drive the enemy from Harper's Ferry, across the Potomac. But this movement was no sooner made than General Jackson received intelligence which imperioused, cannot easily be described. The town is greatly improved in its loyalty. A few days after, while threatening Harper's Ferry, he sent messages to the Confederate Government by his zealous supporter and assistant, the Hon. Mr. Boteler of the C
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 13: Port Republic. (search)
his retreat up the Valley. The object immediately demanding his attention was the rescue of his army from its perilous situation. The indirect purpose of the campaign was already accomplished; his rapid movements and stunning blows had neutralized the efforts of General McDowell against Richmond --Banks was driven from Winchester the 25th of May, and the Federal authorities were panic-struck by the thought of a victorious Confederate army, of unknown numbers, breaking into Maryland by Harper's Ferry, and seizing Washington City. Just at this juncture, McClellan had pushed his right wing to a point north of Richmond, at Hanover Court House, and within a single march of McDowell's advanced posts. On the 27th of May, the Confederate General Branch was defeated at that place with loss, and the fruit of this success was the occupation of all the roads, and of the bridges across the waters of the Pamunkey, connecting Richmond with Fredericksburg and Gordonsville, by the Federalists. Ha
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 17: the campaign in Maryland. (search)
irect communication between Washington and Harper's Ferry was now severed. The first effect which Gother plans remained: the one was to leave Harper's Ferry to itself for the present, to concentrate tercept such as may attempt to escape from Harper's Ferry. General Longstreet's command will purghts, and endeavor to capture the enemy at Harper's Ferry and its vicinity. General Walker, withntered Virginia a full day's march west of Harper's Ferry. Then, dividing his forces, he sent Generproach of the Confederates, and retired to Harper's Ferry. They entered Martinsburg on the morning ing promptitude with which Jackson reduced Harper's Ferry, and to the heroic tenacity of McLaws and using to confront McLaws until the fall of Harper's Ferry on the 15th opened to the latter a safe exch centre at the village lead southward to Harper's Ferry, northward to Hagerstown, westward to ShepLaws, of whom the latter only arrived from Harper's Ferry in the crisis of the battle, did Jackson h[25 more...]
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 18: Fredericksburg. (search)
ibutary of the Potomac, which flows to the eastward of Winchester and Martinsburg, and empties into it a little above Harper's Ferry. Here they encamped for a number of weeks, in the bosom of the most charming regions of the lower Valley. The beautof artillery under the various division Generals, but all supervised by Colonel Crutchfield. A part of the spoils of Harper's Ferry was now assigned to the most meritorious of these batteries; and their equipment became more perfect than ever beforegenuity in reducing them to every fantastic use. From the hamlet of Hedgesville, west of Martinsburg, to a point near Harper's Ferry, the track was thus utterly destroyed, for a distance of thirty miles; and after the work was done, Jackson rode delistown to Berryville. The purpose of this change was to watch McClellan, who had now begun to cross the Potomac below Harper's Ferry. The Government at Washington had indicated their discontent with the sluggish movements of this General in many way