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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 587 133 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 405 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 258 16 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 156 0 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 153 31 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 5. (ed. Frank Moore) 139 3 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2. 120 0 Browse Search
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac 120 0 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 119 1 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 111 3 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Yorktown (Virginia, United States) or search for Yorktown (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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ashington was chosen its commander-in-chief and took command at Cambridge, Mass., on the 2d of July, 1775. The Virginia people again met in convention on the 17th of July, 1775, and chose a committee of safety to take charge of the affairs of the colony, ordered the enlistment of troops, passed laws for the raising of money, the procuring of arms and military supplies, and for the conducting of elections by loyal voters. The story of the revolution need not be repeated. Virginia's Washington, after seven long years of arduous struggle and endurance, brought it to a successful termination, at her Yorktown, in 1781. But it is well to recall that it was Virginia, the most conservative of the colonies, which in the convention of 1776, on the 6th of May, instructed her delegates in Congress to propose to declare the United Colonies free and independent States; and that this resulted in a Declaration of Independence, on the 4th of July, 1776, which was drawn by her Thomas Jefferson.
ay the 25th, when Governor Letcher at once gave him the appointment of major-general of Virginia volunteers, and Maj.-Gen. R. E. Lee, who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Virginia forces on the 22d, assigned to him the duty of organizing and instructing the volunteers who were then arriving in Richmond. General Lee had already selected the points to be occupied for the defense of the State and the number of troops to be assigned to each. These points were: Norfolk, in front of Yorktown; the front of Fredericksburg; Manassas Junction, Harper's Ferry and Grafton. Johnston was assisted in the duties assigned him at Richmond by Lieutenant-Colonel Pemberton, Majors Jackson and Gilham, and Capt. T. L. Preston, who had all recently reported for duty. Johnston was employed in this way some two weeks, when, Virginia having joined the Southern Confederacy, President Davis offered him, by telegraph, a brigadier-generalship in the Confederate army, which he promptly accepted, and o
ter 8: Operations about Norfolk and Yorktown battle of Big Bethel burning of Hampton. he entrance to the waterway of the James, and Yorktown and Gloucester point, which guarded that to tolonel Coppens, were ordered from Richmond to Yorktown, as were also Alabama companies from Richmonded after the battle was over, but returned to Yorktown the same night, marching 28 miles during the day, as it was not thought prudent to leave Yorktown exposed without troops. Col. D. H. Hill, witagement. On the 6th of June he marched from Yorktown, with his own regiment, the First North Carolt marched the remainder of his forces back to Yorktown. His cavalry pursuit of the Federals continu. At this time there are scarce 3,000 men in Yorktown and our lines cannot possibly be defended witmouth. Magruder reported on the 16th, from Yorktown, that he had 5,550 effective men; that he shodes for the defence of the land approaches to Yorktown, and for four boats, for service in York rive[15 more...]
ns, Lee increased and strengthened the defenses of Richmond and guarded the water approach to that threatened city by obstructing the ship channel of the James and planting intrenched batteries on Drewry's bluff; at the same time he recalled all but Ewell's division of Johnston's army from the line of the upper Rappahannock, and with these reinforced Magruder on the peninsula, who had already nearly completed a strong line of defense, from the James to the York, in front of Williamsburg and Yorktown, to bar McClellan's way to Richmond. Having thus outlined the locations and dispositions of the combatants in the fields of action, the narrative now proceeds to follow the fortunes of the five Federal armies —which the compelling genius of Jackson soon made but two—that at the opening of the Virginia campaign of 1862, near the last of March, were co-operating for the capture of Richmond, and those of the opposing Confederate forces. Stonewall Jackson was first in the field of actual co
15: The Peninsula campaign of 1862 Yorktown, Williamsburg and Seven Pines. The advanced Warwick river on the southwest and covering Yorktown on the northeast, which had been admirably foghout its length. Gloucester point, opposite Yorktown, was embraced in these defenses, thus guardine same time the Confederate fortifications at Yorktown and Gloucester point barred the entrance to t approaches, especially the lines in front of Yorktown. General Johnston took command on the Peninse historic field, Johnston secretly evacuated Yorktown, leaving his heavy guns behind, and fell backwith artillery moved on the road leading from Yorktown, and three divisions of infantry by the direcmsburg earthworks by noon. The evacuation of Yorktown not only opened the York to the Federal navy a cavalry engagement in the afternoon on the Yorktown road, backed up by three brigades of infantrythem so roughly the day before. As soon as Yorktown was evacuated, McClellan ordered Franklin's d
Potomac had begun its on to Richmond, but its every movement had been a failure. Jackson, with a small force in hand, had with strategic power routed or demoralized and then left stranded in the Valley 60,000 of its best men, during a month and a half of this quarter of a year. First Magruder, and then J. E. Johnston, had delayed and badly damaged the march of the main body, under the leadership of McClellan in person, on the Peninsula, keeping him back with fierce blows at Williamsburg, Yorktown and Eltham's landing, and by a bold front at Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, held him hesitating in sight of Richmond. Lee, taking immediate command after the wounding of Johnston, had gathered from all directions his scattered forces, hurled them fiercely upon Mc-Clellan's lines and intrenchments, and after seven days of fierce contention at Ellison's mill, Gaines' mill, Charles City cross-roads and Malvern hill, had driven him back, followed by dire disaster, and left him stranded on the bank
action, that was about to begin. The glorious autumn days of the Southland had come, when, on the 5th day of September, to the martial strains of Maryland, My Maryland from every band in the army, and with his men cheering and shouting with delight, Jackson forded the Potomac at Edwards' ferry, where the river was broad but shallow, near the scene of Evans' victory over the Federals in the previous October, and where Wayne had crossed his Pennsylvania brigade in marching to the field of Yorktown in 1781. By the 7th of the month, Lee had concentrated the most of his army in the vicinity of Frederick City, in a land teeming with abundance. He had issued the most stringent orders, forbidding depredations on private property and requiring his quartermasters to purchase and pay for supplies for his army. On the 8th he issued a stirring proclamation, calling upon the men of Maryland to join the men of his command, gathered within their borders from their sister Southern States; appeal
rth Carolina and Third Virginia regiments, to Yorktown, and participated in the defense of that postBlackburn's ford and the battles of Manassas, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Seven Pines, and the Seven Daygiment, he aided in covering the retreat from Yorktown, and in the raid of the cavalry under Stuart,shared its operations during the retreat from Yorktown toward Richmond. In the famous raid around Ms command until February, 1862. Stationed at Yorktown, with about 12,000 men, confronting McClellanded a company from Rockbridge at the siege of Yorktown in 1781. His father, Elisha Paxton, served iin military command, he moved his regiment to Yorktown in March, 1862, and engaged in battle at YorkYorktown and Williamsburg, after which he was promoted brigadier-general. In this rank he participated post and troops at Gloucester point, opposite Yorktown. Subsequently he marched with the Twenty-thionel. When General Jackson left Manassas for Yorktown, Colonel Walker's regiment formed part of Gen[4 more...]