Pennsylvania 25,608 7,357
Delaware 2,317 376
Maryland 13,912 4,127
Virginia 26,668 5,620
North Carolina 7,263
South Carolina 6,417
Total 232,341 56,163
The number of slaves in the States respectively, at the time of the Revolution, is not known.
But it may be closely approximated by the aid of the census of 1790, wherein the slave population is returned as follows:
New Hampshire 158 Delaware 8,887
Vermont 17 Maryland 103,036
Rhode Island 952 Virginia 293,427
Connecticut 2,759 North Carolina 100,572
Massachusetts adopted a new State Constitution in 1780, to which a bill of rights was prefixed, which her Supreme Court soon after decided was inconsistent with the maintenance of Slavery, which had been thus abolished. none South Carolina 107,094
New York 21,324 Georgia 29,264
New Jersey 11,423 Kentucky 11,830
Pennsylvania had passed an act of Gr
ng, Clay, 232,482, Polk, 237,588, Birney, 15,812;--one-third of the intensely anti-Slavery votes thrown away on Birney would have given the State to Mr. Clay, and elected him. The vote of Michigan was, in like manner, given to Polk by the diversion of anti-Slavery suffrages to Birney; but New York alone would have secured Mr. Clay's election, giving him 141 electoral votes to 134 for his opponent.
As it was, Mr. Clay received the electoral votes of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee--105 in all, being those of eleven States; while Mr. Polk was supported by Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and Arkansas--fifteen States, casting 170 electoral votes.
The popular votes throughout the country, as returned, were, for Clay, 1,288,533; for Polk, 1,327,325; for Birney, 62,263.