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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 38 38 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
Sextus Propertius, Elegies (ed. Vincent Katz) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 28-30 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 41 BC or search for 41 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
44, Agrippa was one of those intimate friends of Octavius, who advised him to proceed immediately to Rome. Octavius took Agrippa with him, and charged him to receive the oath of fidelity from several legions which had declared in his favour. Having been chosen consul in B. C. 43, Octavius gave to his friend Agrippa the delicate commission of prosecuting C. Cassius, one of the murderers of J. Caesar. At the outbreak of the Perusinian war between Octavius, now Octavianus, and L. Antonius, in B. C. 41, Agrippa, who was then praetor, commanded part of the forces of Octavianus, and after distinguishing himself by skilful manoeuvres, besieged L. Antonius in Perusia. He took the town in B. C. 40, and towards the end of the same year retook Sipontum, which had fallen into the hands of M. Antonius. In B. C. 38, Agrippa obtained fresh success in Gaul, where he quelled a revolt of the native chiefs; he also penetrated into Germany as far as the country of the Catti, and transplanted the Ubii to
Archela'us 4. A son of the preceding. (Strab. xvii. p. 796.) In B. C. 34, Antony, after having expelled Ariarathes, gave to Archelaus the kingdom of Cappadocia --a favour which he owed to the charms of his mother, Glaphyra. (D. C. 49.32; Strab. xii. p.540.) Appian (de Bell. Civ. 5.7), who places this event in the year B. C. 41, calls the son of Glaphyra, to whom Antony gave Cappadocia, Sisinna; which, if it is not a mistake, may have been a surname of Archelaus. During the war between Antony and Octavianus, Archelaus was among the allies of the former. (Plut. Ant. 61.) After his victory over Antony, Octavianus not only left Archelaus in the possession of his kingdom (D. C. 51.3), but subsequently added to it a part of Cilicia and Lesser Armenia. (D. C. 54.9; Strab. xii. p.534, &c.) On one occasion, during the reign of Augustus, accusations were brought before the emperor against Archelaus by his own subjects, and Tiberius defended the king. (Dio Cass. Ivii. 17; Suet. Tib. 8.) But afte
Arsi'noe 6. Daughter of Ptolemy XI. Auletes, escaped from Caesar, when he was besieging Alexandria in B. C. 47, and was recognized as queen by the Alexandrians, since her brother Ptolemy XII. Dionysus was in Caesar's power. After the capture of Alexandria she was carried to Rome by Caesar, and led in triumph by him in B. C. 46, on which occasion she excited the compassion of the Roman people. She was soon afterwards dismissed by Caesar, and returned to Alexandria; but her sister Cleopatra persuaded Antony to have her put to death in B. C. 41, though she had fled for refuge to the temple of Artemis Leucophryne in Miletus. (D. C. 42.39, &c., 43.19 ; Caes. Civ. 3.112, B. Alex. 4, 33; Appian, App. BC 5.9, comp. D. C. 48.24.)
reading these rumours with the view of drawing away her husband from the arms of Cleopatra, and that L. Antonius, the brother of the triumvir, was used by her as an instrument to gain her objects. Augustus did all he could to avoid a rupture, but in vain. L. Antonius assembled an army at Praeneste, with which he threw himself into the fortified town of Perusia, where he was blockaded by Augustus with three armies, so that a fearful famine arose in the place. This happened towards the end of B. C. 41. After several attempts to break through the blockading armies, L. Antonius was obliged to surrender. The citizens of Perusia obtained pardon from Augustus, but the senators were put to death, and from three to four hundred noble Perusines were butchered on the 15th of March, B. C. 40, at the altar of Caesar. Fulvia fled to Greece, and Tiberius Nero, with his wife Livia, to Pompeius in Sicily and thence to Antony, who blamed the authors of the war, probably for no other reason but because i
. C. 44, Calenus joined M. Antony, and during the transactions of the early part of B. C. 43, he defended Antony against Cicero. The speech which Dio Cassius (42.1, &c.) puts into his mouth, does not, probably, contain much genuine matter, and is, perhaps, only an invention of the historian. After the war against Brutus and Cassius, Calenus served as the legate of M. Antony, and the legions of the latter were placed under his command in northern Italy. When the Perusinian war terminated, in B. C. 41, with the defeat of L. Antonius, Octavianus was anxious to get possession of the army of Calenus, which was stationed at the foot of the Alps; fortunately for Octavianus, Calenus just then died, and his son, who was a mere youth, surrendered the army to Octavianus without striking a blow. It is related by Appian (App. BC 4.47), that during the proscription of (B. C. 43) the life of the great M. Terentius Varro was saved by Calenus, and it is not improbable that the letter of Varro to Fufius
Carri'nas 2. C. Carrinas, a son of No. 1, was sent by Caesar, in B. C. 45, into Spain against Sext. Pompeius, but as he did not accomplish anything, he was superseded by Asinius Pollio. In 43, after the establishment of the triumvirate, Carrinas was appointed consul for the remainder of the year, together with P. Ventidius. Two years later, B. C. 41, he received from Octavianus the administration of the province of Spain, where he had to carry on war with the Mauretanian Bocchus. In 36, he was sent with three legions against Sext. Pompeius in Sicily; and about 31, we find him as proconsul in Gaul, where he was successful against the Morini and other tribes, and drove the Suevi across the Rhine back into Germany. For those exploits he was honoured with a triumph in 29. (Appian, App. BC 4.83, 5.26, 112; D. C. 47.15, 51.21, 22.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
lar for the plural, and in the reference of the word illius to the former of the two names, Mucius and Volusius, which are connected merely by collocation. Hence the conjectural reading of Baldninus adopted by Bertrandus (de Vitis Jurisp. 2, 19), viz. " Fuit Cascellius Mucii et Volcatii auditor," has gained the approbation of many critics. Cascellius was a man of stern republican principies : of Caesar's proceedings he spoke with the utmost freedom. Neither hope nor fear could induce him, B. C. 41, to compose legal forms for the donations of the triumvirs, the fruits of their proscriptions, which he looked upon as wholly irregular and illegal. His independence and liberty of speech he ascribed to two things, which most men regarded as misfortunes, old age and childlessness. In offices of honour, he never advanced beyond the first step, the quaestorship. though he survived to the reign of Augustus, who offered him the consulship, which he declined. (V. Max. 6.2.12, Dig. l.c.) Cascel
Censori'nus 5. L. Marcius Censorinus, L. F. C. N., a violent partizan of M. Antony, and one of the praetors in B. C. 43. (Cic. Phil. 11.5, 14, 13.2, duo praetores, 12.8; comp. Garaton. ad 12.8.) When Antony passed over into Asia after arranging the affairs of Greece in B. C. 41, he left Censorinus governor of the province. (Plut. Ant. 24.) His adherence to Antony procured him the consulship in 39 (D. C. 48.34), and we learn from the Triumphal Fasti, that he obtained a triumph for some successes he had gained in Macedonia, which must consequently have been his province.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ce'stius or Ce'stius Macedonicus (search)
Ce'stius or Ce'stius Macedonicus 2. CESTIUS, surnamed MACEDONICUS, on account of his having formerly served in Macedonia, was a native of Perusia. When this town was taken by Augustus in B. C. 41, he set fire to his house, which occasioned the conflagration of the whole city, and then stabbed himself and leaped into the flames. (Appian, App. BC 5.49; Veil. Pat. 2.74.)
t his identity with the detractor of Virgil is rendered doubtful by the statement of Hieronymus (Chron. Euseb. Ol. 184. 4), that the poet Cornificius perished in B. C. 41, deserted by his soldiers. Heyne, who is followed by Clinton, remarks, that, if the date of Hieronymus is correct, the poet Cornificius must be a different person from the detractor of Virgil, as the latter had not risen to eminence so early as B. C. 41; but Weichert (Poetarum Latinorum Reliquiae, p. 167) observes, that as the "Culex" was written in B. C. 44 and some of the Eclognes before B. C. 41, the rising fame of Virgil may have provoked the jealousy of Cornificius, who is described x" was written in B. C. 44 and some of the Eclognes before B. C. 41, the rising fame of Virgil may have provoked the jealousy of Cornificius, who is described by Donatus as a man " perverse naturee" At all events, it is likely enough that the poet Cornificius is the same as the Cornificius to whom Catullus addresses his 38th poem.
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