t to be detached, I had designated them to be properly fortified.
A recommendation had even been made by my immediate predecessor that the outer defences of Charleston Harbor should be given up as untenable against the ironclads and monitors then known to be under construction at the North, and that the water-line of the immediatearleston an exceedingly bad defensive condition against a determined attack.
Excepting Fort Moultrie, on Sullivan's Island, the works and batteries covering Charleston Harbor, including Fort Sumter, were insufficiently armed and their barbette guns without the protection of heavy traverses.
In all the harbor works there were onlyuously — a recognized factor in modern naval warfare.
On all sides we see the greatest activity in improving it.
I shall now refer briefly to the use in Charleston harbor of riflecannon and iron-clad floating and land batteries.
In the attack on Fort Sumter, in 1861, these war appliances were first used in the United States.