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[2] Again, when the marks for the guides became confused, and the travellers were separated and wandered about in ignorance of the route, ravens appeared and assumed direction of their march, 1 flying swiftly on in front of them when they followed, and waiting for them when they marched slowly and lagged behind.

1 According to Ptolemy, son of Lagus, two serpents served Alexander's army as guides to the oracle and back again. ‘But Aristobulus, whose account is generally admitted to be correct, says that two ravens flew in front of the army and acted as Alexander's guides’ (Arrian, Anab. iii 3, 5 f.).

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