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af-firmo (better adf- ), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a.
I. To present a thing in words, as fixed, firm, i. e. certain, true; to assert, maintain, aver, declare, asseverate, affirm: “dicendum est mihi, sed ita, nihil ut adfirmem, quaeram omnia,Cic. Div. 2, 3; so id. Att. 13, 23; id. Brut. 1, 1: “jure jurando,Liv. 29, 23: “quidam plures Deo ortos adfirmant,Tac. G. 2; cf. id. Agr. 10: “adfirmavit non daturum se,he protested that he would give nothing, Suet. Aug. 42.—Impers.: “atque affirmatur,Tac. H. 2, 49.—Hence,
II. To give confirmation of the truth of a thing, to strengthen, to confirm, corroborate, sanction: “adfirmare spem alicui,Liv. 1, 1: “opinionem,id. 32, 35: “dicta alicujus,id. 28, 2: “aliquid auctoritate sua,id. 26, 24: “populi Romani virtutem armis,Tac. H. 4, 73: “secuta anceps valetudo iram Deūm adfirmavit,id. A. 14, 22.—Hence, * affirmanter (adf- ), adv. (of the absol. P. a. affirmans), with assurance or certainty, assuredly: “praedicere aliquid,Gell. 14, 1, 24; and: af-firmātē (adf- ), adv. (of the absol. P. a. affirmatus), with asseveration, with assurance, certainly, assuredly, positively: “quod adfirmate, quasi Deo teste promiserit, id tenendum est,Cic. Off. 3, 29.—Sup.: “adfirmatissime scribere aliquid,Gell. 10, 12, 9.
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