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a-scendo (ads- , Jan; ads- and as- , Müller; as- , other editors), scendi, scensum, 3, v. n. scando, ascend, mount up, climb; and in eccl. Lat. simply to go up, to rise, to spring up, grow up (syn.: scando, conscendo, orior, surgo, prodeo).
I. Lit. (opp. descendo; and diff. from escendo, which designates a climbing, mounting upon some high object, and involves the idea of exertion; cf. Oud. ad Caes. B. G. 7, 27; Suet. Caes. 61; Ochsn. Ecl. pp. 287 and 288; Doed. Syn. IV. pp. 60 and 61; it often interchanges with escendere in MSS.; cf. e. g. Halm ad Nep. Epam. 4, 5; id. Them. 8, 6, and v. examples below; class.; in Cic. and in Vulg. very freq.), constr. most freq. with in, but also with ad with super, supra, contra, adversus, with acc., and absol. (in Cic. in the lit. signif., except once with the acc., always with in with acc.; but in the trop. signif. in all constrr.).
(α). With in with acc.: “in navem ascendere,Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 20; 2, 6, 54 Fleck.: “ascendere in naviculam,Vulg. Matt. 8, 23: “in triremem ascendit,Nep. Alcib. 4, 3 (in id. Epam. 4, 5, and Them. 8, 6 Halm now reads escendere): “in arborem ascendere,Vulg. Luc. 19, 4: “ut in Amanum (urbem) ascenderem,Cic. Fam. 15, 4, 8: “ascende in oppidum,Vulg. Jos. 8, 1: “lex peregrinum vetat in murum ascendere,Cic. de Or. 2, 24, 100: “in equum,id. Sen. 10, 34: “in caelum,id. Am. 23, 88; so id. Tusc. 1, 29, 71 (B. and K., escendere); id. Dom. 28, 75; id. Mil. 35, 97 (cf. id. Leg. 2, 8: “ascensus in caelum): inque plagas caeli,Ov. M. 11, 518: “cavete, ne ascendatis in montem,Vulg. Exod. 19, 12; 24, 13; ib. Matt. 5, 1; ib. Marc. 3, 13: “in tribunal ascendere,Cic. Vatin. 14, 34 (B. and K., escendere); so Liv. 2, 28 Drak. (Weissenb., escendere): “in contionem,Cic. Att. 4, 2, 3 (B. and K., escendit); so Liv. 3, 49; 5, 50 (Weissenb., escendere, in both these pass.): “in Capitolium ascendere,id. 10, 7: “sin vestram ascendisset in urbem,Verg. A. 2, 192.—
(β). With ad. ad Gitanas Epiri oppidum, Liv. 42, 38: “ad laevam paulatim,Sall. C. 55, 3.—
(δ). Absol., of persons ex locis superioribus desuper suos ascendentes protegebant, Caes. B. C. 1, 79: “quā fefellerat ascendens hostis,Liv. 5, 47: “Ascendit ergo Abram de Aegypto,Vulg. Gen. 13, 1; 19, 30: “Ascende huc,ib. Apoc. 4, 1; 12, 12.—Of things: “fons ascendebat de terrā,Vulg. Gen. 2, 6: “sicut ascendit mare fluctu,ib. Ezech. 26, 3: “jam ascendit aurora,ib. Gen. 32, 26' ascendit ignis de petrā, ib. Jud. 6, 21: “ascendet fumus ejus,ib. Isa. 34, 10; ib. Apoc. 8, 4: “vidit ascendentem favillam de terrā,ib. Gen. 19, 28: “ascendet sicut virgultum,ib. Isa. 53, 2; 5, 6: “germen eorum, ut pulvis, ascendet,ib. ib. 5, 24.—Also, after the Greek, to go aboard ship, to go out to sea (eccl. Lat.): ascendentes navigavimus, ἐπιβάντες, Vulg. Act. 21, 2: Et ascenderunt, ἀνήχθησαν, ib. Luc. 8, 22.—
II. Trop.
A. Constr in like manner,
B. Esp., super, supra aliquem or aliquid ascendere, to rise above any person or thing, to surpass, to stand higher (twice in Tacitus): “(liberti) super ingenuos et super nobiles ascendunt,Tac. G. 25: “mihi supra tribunatus et praeturas et consulatus ascendere videor,id. Or. 7.—Hence, ascen-dens (ads- ), entis, P. a. *
A. Machina, a machine for ascending, a scaling-ladder, Vitr. 10, 19.—
B. In the jurists, ascendentes are the kindred in an ascending line, ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc.; opp. descendentes, descendants, children, grandchildren, etc.), Dig. 23, 2, 68.
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