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sub-stĭtŭo , ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a. statuo.
I. To set, put, place, or lay under, to set or place next to any thing (so rare and mostly post - Aug.).
A. Lit.: “lapides plantae,Pall. Mart. 10, 22: “post elephantos armaturas leves,Hirt. B. Afr. 59, 3.—
B. Trop.: “substituerat animo speciem corporis amplam ac magnificam,had presented to his imagination, figured to himself, Liv. 28, 35; cf.: “funera fratrum Debueras oculis substituisse tuis,Ov. R. Am. 574: “substituebantur crimini,were subjected to the charge, were accused, Plin. Ep. 6, 31, 8: “aliquem arbitrio,Dig. 38, 1, 30.—
II. To put instead or in the place of another, to substitute (class.; syn.: suppono, subrogo).
B. In partic., in jurid. lang.: substituere heredem (alicui), to make second or alternate heir, in case the first should die: “heredes aut instituti dicuntur aut substituti: instituti primo gradu, substituti secundo vel tertio,Dig. 28, 6, 1 sq.: “heredes invicem,Suet. Tib. 76; so, “heredem (alicui),id. Galb. 9; Quint. 7, 6, 9 al.—So with ellipsis of heredem: “inpuberi filio,Dig. 28, 6, 1 sq.
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