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κνημίς). A greave; a piece of defensive armour covering the shin from the ankle to a little above the knee, and fastened by buckles or straps at the back of the leg which was left uncovered (Varro, L. L. v. 116). It was made of metal (tin or bronze), and often ornamented, embossed, or chased with various designs. That the greaves were an important feature of the warrior's equipment is

Bronze Greaves found at Pompeii.

seen by the epithet εὐκνημίδες continually applied by Homer to the Greeks, and from the minuteness with which he describes their various parts, especially the ankle-rings (ἐπισφύρια), which were often of silver ( Il. iii. 331). Several species of bronze greaves have been found at Pompeii, probably belonging to the gladiators.

Greek Warrior wearing Greaves. (Hope.)

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