). The Greek Eve; the first woman on earth. After
(q.v.) had stolen the heavenly fire,
Zeus in revenge caused Hephaestus to make a woman of exquisite beauty who should bring sorrow
upon the human race. From her perfection of loveliness and intellect she was called Pandora,
“the All-gifted.” She became the wife of Epimetheus, brother of
Prometheus, though Epimetheus had been advised to accept nothing that came from Zeus. In the
house of Epimetheus stood a closed box or jar containing all the evils possible for man; and
this box Pandora out of curiosity opened. The evils poured out when the lid was raised, and
though she closed it hastily, she only succeeded in preventing the escape of Hope, which was
also in the box (Hesiod. Theog.
). In later times the story was differently told. The box was
then said to contain blessings which were thus secured to the human race; but by opening it,
Pandora lost them all except Hope (Hyg. Fab.